Yuri Aizenshpis: biography of a famous producer
Producer Yuri Aizenshpis was one of the first in our country who began to professionally “promote” pop stars and pop music. There were legends about this man, and his every step was shrouded in the most incredible rumors. But in spite of everything, all the projects for which Yuri Aizenshpis undertook were successful.
Contrary to the general tendency, the executors who left him never showered dirt on him in the press and never entered into litigation.
Yuri Aizenshpis: biography. Children and youth
Aizenshpis was born in Chelyabinsk in 1945. His mother, Maria Mikhaylovna Aizenshpis, a native Muscovite, was sent to this city to be evacuated. Shmil Moiseevich Aizenshpis (Yuri's father) is a Polish Jew who was forced to leave his homeland, fleeing from the Nazis. He fought in the ranks of the Soviet army and was a veteran of the Second World War.
After the war, the family returned to Moscow. Until 1961, she lived in a dilapidated wooden hut, and then received a wonderful apartment in a prestigious area of the capital. At that time they had a phonograph with a large collection of records and a KVN-49 TV set.
As Yuri Shmilevich Aizenshpis himself recalled, in his youth he seriously engaged in sports: handball, athletics, volleyball, but because of a leg injury he had to stop exercising. In addition to sports, the young man in those days was interested in jazz. He had a tape recorder, which the young man bought at his savings.
The first recordings were jazz compositions of famous musicians of the world - Woody Hermann, John Coltrane, Louis Armstrong, Ella Fitzgerald. Yuri Aizenshpis, whose photo you can see in our article, was well versed in various directions - jazz-rock, avant-garde and popular jazz. After some time, he was interested in the origins of rock music, the founders of rhythm and blues.
The circle of lovers and connoisseurs of this music was very small at that time, everyone knew each other. When someone from like-minded people had a new record, Yuri Aizenshpis rewrote it. At that time, “black markets” were spread in our country, which the police were constantly dispersing. Were banned exchange, sale. The sellers simply discarded the wheels. And despite everything, the records came into the country from abroad regularly,Overcoming powerful barriers of customs rules and laws. Under the ban were some performers - Elvis Presley, Bary's sisters.
After graduating from school Aizenshpis Yuri Shmilevich enrolled in MESI and graduated in 1968 with a degree in engineering and economics. But it should be noted that he entered the institute and successfully graduated from it only in order not to upset his parents.
The first music project
Yes, a graduate of the Faculty of Economics Yuri Aizenshpis absolutely did not like his specialty. His soul was drawn to the music. While still a student at the institute, twenty-year-old Yuri began his creative activity, showing courage and business acumen.
In the mid-seventies, the world engulfed Beatlemania. At this time, Yuri with a group of like-minded musicians created the first rock band in our country. Since all the members of the group lived at the Sokol metro station, they didn’t go too far with the name of the team and they also called it Sokol. Today, this group has taken its rightful place in the history of the Russian rock movement.
At first, the musicians performed the songs of the legendary Beatles in English.At that time it was believed that rock music can exist only in English. Friends have long noted the activity of Yuri and his organizational talent, so they appointed him as something like an impresario.
After some time, the team was admitted to the staff of the Tula Philharmonic. The group toured a lot, and Aizenshpis's monthly income sometimes reached an astronomical sum of 1,500 rubles for those times. For comparison: the salary of ministers of the Soviet Union was no more than a thousand rubles.
At the very beginning of his activity, more precisely during the cooperation with the Sokol group, Yuri developed an unusual ticketing scheme. Having previously agreed with the director of a cultural center or club, Aizenshpis bought up all the tickets for the last film show, and then sold them at a higher price, to a concert of the group.
As a rule, there were much more people willing to listen to music than seats in the hall. Sometimes the situation went out of control. It is for this reason that Aizenshpis began the first in the seventies to hire guards to ensure order at concerts.
For the money received from ticket sales, he bought the currency for which he acquired from foreigners high-quality musical instruments and high-quality sound equipment for the stage.Since in the USSR at that time all currency transactions were illegal, he always took a lot of risk when making deals.
Work in the Central Statistical Bureau of the USSR
In 1968, Aizenshpis joined the Central Statistical Office as a junior researcher with a salary of 115 rubles. However, he rarely went to his workplace. His main income was still foreign exchange transactions, buying and further sale of gold. He made deals that exceeded a million dollars a month. At that time, the underground millionaire was only 25 years old.
But this life did not last long. In early January 1970, Aizenshpis was arrested. During the search in his apartment were found 7675 dollars and 15 585 rubles. He was convicted under Article 88 ("Currency Operations"). Even in places of detention Aizenshpis's entrepreneurial spirit was manifested. In the Krasnoyarsk-27 zone, the future producer launched a brisk trade in tea, vodka and sugar. Then they began to appoint him to senior posts at local construction sites.
When he was transferred to a colony-settlement, Yuri fled from there to the Pechora and settled with a local intellectual, whom he charmed with his charm and talk about the capital.However, soon he was exposed by a guest at home - a police colonel. And again, Aizenshpis's tremendous luck, as well as his knowledge of the basics of psychology, came to the rescue. He was transferred to another colony in a good positioner.
Yuri Aizenshpis served in prisons for almost 18 years for what any citizen is allowed to do now. But another thing is important: for such a long period of time, Aizenshpis did not become embittered, did not become a criminal, did not lose his human appearance.
Life after liberation
When he was released in 1988, Aizenshpis saw an unfamiliar Russia of perestroika. Alexander Lipnitsky led him into a rock party. Initially, he was entrusted with leading the directorate of the Intershans festival. Gradually, step by step, he studied backstage life and the basics of show business, and soon the novice producer began working with domestic musical performers.
Yury Shmilyevich formulated his mission quite frankly - to promote an artist using any means: diplomacy, bribery, threats or blackmail. That is how he acted, for which he began to be called the "shark of show business."
There were plenty of unknown young performers who dreamed of making their way onto the big stage.Yuri Aizenshpis among them chose those who could catch the viewer who had at least a more or less interesting repertoire. Initially, through television, he presented them to the general public, and then organized tours.
From December 1989 until the tragic death of Viktor Tsoi (1990), Aizenshpis was a producer and director of the Kino group. He was the first to break the state’s monopoly on record production. Already in 1990, he released the "Black Album" on the funds taken on credit.
It should be noted: by the beginning of cooperation with the producer "Kino" was already a fairly well-known group. At that time, the most successful, legendary blood type album was recorded. According to critics, after him Choi could not write a line for two or three years. Therefore, cooperation with “Kino” brought Aizenshpis to a new stellar level of activity, which allowed him to earn credibility in his craft.
If “Kino” at the beginning of work with the producer has already had some success, then the “Technology” group has fashioned almost from scratch Yuri Aizenshpis. Starburst, as the producer was called more often after his second successful project.Using the example of “Technology”, he managed to prove that he can take children with an average level of talent and “fashion” stars from them.
Among the numerous ensembles that existed on the stage at that time was the group Bioconstructor, which eventually split into two subgroups. One got the name “Bio”, and the second only thought about its name and musical concept. They could show only two or three songs that the already well-known producer liked. As time has shown, Aizenshpis was not mistaken and was able to create a truly popular group, which was called “Technology”.
In 1993, Aizenshpis paid attention in Jurmala to a young singer Svetlana Geiman. Very soon, the name of the singer Linda became known to both viewers and music critics. Soon came the compositions I want your sex, “Non-stop” and the famous hit “Playing with Fire”. Linda's joint work with the producer lasted less than a year, after which their paths diverged.
This project was more long-term - it lasted six years (1993-1999). The favorite of the beautiful half of the Russian audience, the sex symbol of the mid-nineties was Vlad Stashevsky, who in collaboration with Aizenshpis released five albums.
I met the producer with Stashevsky in the nightclub "Master".Yury Shmilevich heard Vlad playing behind the scenes on the upset piano and singing songs from the repertoire of Mikhail Shufutinsky and Willy Tokarev. After this meeting, nothing foreshadowed a long cooperation, although Aizenshpis left his business card to an unknown artist.
A few days later he called Vlad and they arranged a meeting, during which Aizenshpis introduced Vlad to Vladimir Matetsky, who took part in the audition. The first performance of Stashevsky was held at the end of August 1993 in Adjara, at the song festival.
Awards, further creative activity
In 1992, Aizenshpis was awarded the Ovation Prize as the best producer in Russia. Until 1993, Yury Shmilyevich produced the groups “Young Ganz”, “Moral Codex”, singer Linda. In 1997, he became involved with singers Inga Drozdova and Katya Lel, a year later his protege became singer Nikita, and in 2000, cooperation began with the Dynamite group.
During this period, became particularly famous as a very successful producer Yuri Aizenshpis. The man who lit the stars on the Russian stage, since 2001, took the post of CEO of Media Star.
Yuri Aizenshpis and Dima Bilan met in 2003. According to music critics, the last project of the famous producer, in which he worked during the last three years of his life, was one of the most successful in the work of Yuri Shmilyevich. In September 2005, Dima Bilan was recognized as the best performer of 2004 according to MTV, and much later became the winner of Eurovision 2008.
In 2005, Yuri Shmilevich played a cameo in the popular Russian film “Night Watch”. In addition, he became the author of the book "Star Lights".
He did not like to talk about his personal life. At the festival "Intershans-89" he met with a very nice assistant director Helen. The couple did not formalize the relationship. In 1993 a baby appeared in the family - the son of Misha. But gradually the feelings lost their former urgency, and the couple broke up.
His son Ayzenshpis Yuri Shmilevich spoiled, however, the educational process was completely shifted to the shoulders of Elena. Mikhail often visited his father’s office, went to concerts with him. Yury Shmilyevich bequeathed two huge apartments in Moscow to his son and ex-wife. After the death of the producer Elena married the editor of the TNT channel Leonid Gyune.
Yuri Aizenshpis: cause of death
September 20, 2005 did not become this talented man, a recognized and successful Russian producer. At about eight o'clock in the evening, Yuri Aizenshpis died in Moscow City Hospital No. 20 Death occurred due to extensive myocardial infarction. Yury Shmilevich was buried at the Domodedovo cemetery near Moscow.