Who are phlegmatic? Human psychology
It's no secret that each person is unique, individual. determined by a set of characteristics and personality traits, its behavioral responses. In psychological science, it is customary to separate what has been given to us since birth, and what we acquire with life experience and the influence of the social environment.
The word "temperament" we hear infrequently in everyday life. Most often we pay attention to the character of a person, his social skills. It is as if people themselves are scolding themselves for the bad character of a person who is nearby when discussing his bad features. And indeed, a person is not always to blame for growing indifferent, greedy, dissatisfied with life, envious. If all his environment is such, then he does not know what could be different.
Temperament, in turn, is called the strength of the nervous system, which is laid still in utero and is inherited. For example, if a mom or dad is a pronounced choleric, then the child will have at least some features inherent in this type of temperament.It is difficult for a person far from psychology to understand who phlegmatic, choleric, melancholic and sanguine persons are. These are not some offensive nicknames, but the classification of people according to the intensity and speed of nervous reactions in the body. Let's try to figure out who these slow people are and are they to blame for their slowness?
Who are phlegmatic?
Have you ever met a man who takes a walk and two hours is not enough. Or who cleans one room all day? And people who formulate their thoughts for 40 minutes, do not annoy you? And how do you feel about the fact that the request to tell about yourself as much as possible, some people call only their name? If you are angry with such people, congratulations - you are a choleric person, and the object of your anger is a phlegmatic person.
Who are phlegmatic? This type of temperament infuriates some with its calmness and regularity, while others help them find the right people in production. Phlegmatic has an enviable resistance to various emotional outbursts of others, a strong nervous system. But also characterized by some lethargy. This is not a lack of man, but only his feature.The main criterion for determining temperament is the intensity and speed of the reaction of the nervous system.
Intensity at the physiological level is defined as the ultimate resistance or endurance of nerve cells. If some irritant acts on them for a long time, and they endure, then such a nervous system is characterized as strong. For example, music plays loudly in a room. Some people in five minutes get tired of her, start to get nervous, complain of headache and ask to turn it off. Others absolutely do not react to it, they can even fall asleep under it. The second behavioral reaction is inherent in phlegmatic persons.
The speed of occurrence and the processes of the nervous system is also included in the concept of temperament. Here, a key role is played by two processes: excitation and inhibition of nerve cells. In phlegmatic prevails inhibition. That is why they do everything carefully, but slowly.
Phlegmatic: a description of the main character traits
As we already understood, a phlegmatic person is characterized by the strength, balance and inertness of the nervous system. Such people are difficult to ruffle, but if someone manages to do this, he will “wake the beast,” since phlegmatic people will not forget this for a long time.The peculiarities of phlegmatic can be described by low initiative in life and in work, but on the other hand, he perfectly performs all that is said to him, the performer from him is irreplaceable.
The emotional life of the phlegmatic dim, he can not notice the smallest reasons for joy in nature, at home, at work. But at the same time, he is able to sincerely and heartily rejoice at any significant events in his life. This low emotionality helps them to protect themselves from situations that may distract from the intended plan of action. Such a clear adherence to the planned plan in everyday life or in work is also due to the fact that they are inhibited due to the peculiarities of their nervous system. Phlegmatic people are characterized by consistently performing an action; it is extremely difficult for them to switch from one type of activity to another. Such people cannot do several things at the same time.
Phlegmatic mostly have an adequate self-esteem, because they really assess their strength and soberly look at the world. In this way, they can avoid many mistakes dictated by emotions or haste.
How do phlegmatic people manifest themselves in everyday life?
It should be noted that there are no people with a pure type of temperament, they are mixed. For example, a person may have a dominant type - phlegmatic, and an additional type - sanguine or melancholic. Who are phlegmatic in everyday life? These are sluggish housewives who choose not speed, but quality in their work. They can clean the whole day in one room, but there will not be a single dusty corner in it. These are the hosts, who can beat one shelf for more than half a day, but then it cannot be removed. In family life, wives of choleric women find it difficult to get along with phlegmatic husbands. After all, a woman needs initiative, which is not the case for people with this type of temperament.
Where better to work these people?
These people are performers; in leadership positions it is difficult for them to be flexible and fast. Phlegmatic cope excellently with the monotonous work, it does not tire them. People with such a temperament make excellent seamstresses, cashiers, dispatchers, pharmacists, physicists, programmers, carpenters, carpenters and other specialty workers. Among phlegmatic often good musicians.
How to determine your type of temperament?
It can be very easily determined by passing psychological tests, as well as visiting a psychologist. There are some tests that will show for sure that your dominant type is sanguine or phlegmatic. The test, of course, does not provide 100% of the information, but it can show both the dominant type and the additional one. The main ones are:
- Eysenck test;
- Jan Strelau technique;
- test to determine the strength of the nervous system.