What under Stalin did with disabilities.
Friends, today will be a post about what they did with the disabled in Stalinthe USSR- This is a complex topic, but you need to know about it, because it shows the complete truth about what any war is, and the truth about what Stalinism really was and, in general, Soviet power, during all the years of its existence was more important than real human happiness.
For new generations of Soviet citizens filmed newlying filmsabout prekasnoy life in the USSR, and those who fought and lost their health in the war - sent away from the cities, so that they their kind did not "spoil the people happiness", because the Soviet people should think only about the good.
So, in today's post - the story of what they did to people with disabilities in the Stalinist USSR. Come under the cat, because you have to know. Welladd friendsDo not forget.
First, a little history.
Let's start with a little excursion into history in order to understand what we are talking about.In the Second World War, the USSR lost the dead, according to various estimates, from 20 to 60 million people - a colossal and terrible figure. Somewhere on YouTube there is a video with the number of coffins by the number of people killed in each of the countries for the period 1939-45, millions of deastas are terrifying skyscrapers from the coffins, going beyond the clouds.
Of course, not only the dead, but also the wounded were in the war - many soldiers returned from the front crippled, without eyes, without arms and legs, as well as with terrible injuries to the back, internal organs or face. In the forties and fifties, on the streets of Soviet cities, one could often see such war invalids — legless soldiers moved on self-made carts from the board and bearings, pushing off from the ground with wooden pads, and under the chipping legs were covered with a tarpaulin or rubber car trim. Ask around your moms and grandmothers - they definitely need to remember such people with disabilities on city streets in the forties and fifties.
In the USSR, there was no single program of assistance to such people - as you already understood, there was not even such a simple thing as a wheelchair.People with disabilities rarely could even find a job or help them in any way, they either had a very small pension, or (more often) did not have it at all - and those disabled people who did not have compassionate relatives were forced to beg in the streets , quietly asking for alms from shops and squares.
Stalin's expulsion«unnecessary people».
The document of the Stalin era about "undesirable photographs" of people with disabilities on the streets of beautiful socialist cities, photo gordonua.com
Instead of somehow helping these people, somehow from socializing and giving the opportunity to feel necessary, the Soviet authorities decided to simply remove them from the city out of sight. At that time, broad avenues with high houses were built, and the war invalids, in the opinion of the Soviet authorities, "spoiled the view of socialist cities." Simple Soviet pioneers do not have to see and know the truth about the war - they will be told by youthful policemen strolling around schools with "front-line bikes", and real veterans and heroes who gave their health to the war, we will remove away - so as not to spoil our Soviet paradise .
The first mass export of war invalids outside the city limits occurred in 1949 and was timed to the 70th anniversary of the Leader. Everything was done according to the precepts of the greatest helmsman - "there is no man - no problem."Disabled people on homemade wheelchairs with bearings were caught on the streets, and if it turned out that the person has no relatives, then he was expelled outside the city limits. No one in particular asked the disabled people any desire to go somewhere, their passports and soldiers' books were taken from them and, in fact, they were transferred to the status of HCC.
The expulsion of 1949 is only one of the most famous. In fact, people with disabilities were caught and expelled, starting in 1946, all the Stalin years did, and successfully continued under Khrushchev - armless and legless "beggars" were caught on the railway in his times.
The boarding schools where people with disabilities were sent were in the Ministry of Internal Affairs and most of all resembled the structures of the GULAG or sharashka - the institutions themselves were closed, there were no rehabilitation programs, there was no proper care for the disabled, the poor content was stolen by staff the task of these institutions was to quickly send off "unnecessary people" to the next world.
"Boarding for unnecessary" on Valaam. Portraits.
One of the places of expulsion of "unnecessary people" was the island of Valaam. In general, there were dozens of such places, but Balaam became, perhaps,One of the most famous - especially because artists came to the people who were sent there and were able to make drawings - so that at least some memory of them remained.
Upon arrival at Valaam, people “caught” on the streets were deprived of passports, soldier’s books and all other documents, including award documents. Disabled people settled in old monastic buildings that were practically uninhabitable - in many buildings there were no roofs, no electricity, no doctors and nurses. Many war-damaged front-line soldiers died in the first months of their stay on the island.
In the late seventies, artist Gennady Dobrov visited Valaam and drew, probably, one of the last war invalids living on Valaam, creating an amazingly strong series of works "Autographs of War". For many years, the authorities of the USSR refused to give Dobrov exhibitions, calling him all sorts of bad words, but the reason was still the same - no one wanted to see the truth about the war, which they “cleaned” from the streets in the fifties, and in the seventies they wanted to make it forgotten. Let's look at his work.
A portrait called "I do not want a new war." It depicts a former scoutVictor Popkovwho became disabled and fell on Balaam.
Alexander Podosenov. At the age of 17 he volunteered for the front, was wounded in the head, in the post-war years he came to Valaam and was paralyzed for the rest of his life, he remained motionless on the bed.
Portrait entitled "Defender of Nevskaya Dubrovka". On it - infantrymanAlexander Ambarovwho defended besieged Leningrad, twice during the fierce bombings, Alexando was buried alive, his comrades dug him out, and he again went into battle. I finished my days on Valaam in a closed institution ...
Work entitled "Rest on the Road". On it is a soldier, Aleksey Kurganov, who passed by front-line roads from Moscow to Hungary and lost both legs in the war.
This portrait of Gennady Dobrov called the "Unknown Soldier". According to one version, the hero of the USSR is depicted on itGrigory Voloshin. He was a pilot and miraculously survived, rammed an enemy plane, and then lived in the Valaam boarding school for 29 years to the Unknown. In 1994, his relatives showed up and erected a modest monument on Valaam, which eventually fell into disrepair. The remaining graves of war heroes remained nameless and overgrown with grass ...
Yevgeny Kuznetsov in the book "Valaam Notebook" wrote such touching and bitter lines:
The country of the Soviets punished its disabled winners for their injuries, for the loss of their families, shelter, and their nests, destroyed by the war. Carala poverty content, loneliness, hopelessness. Anyone who gets to Balaam, instantly aware: That's all! Next - a dead end. Further silence in an unknown grave in an abandoned monastery cemetery.
Reader! My dear reader! Can we understand with you today the measure of unlimited despair over the grief that has invaded these people at the moment when they set foot on this earth. In prison, in a terrible gulag camp, the prisoner always has a hope of escaping from there, to find freedom, a different, less bitter life. From here there was no outcome. From here only to the grave, as sentenced to death. Well, imagine what life has flowed within these walls.
I saw all this near for many years in a row. But hard to describe. Especially when in front of my mind, their faces, eyes, hands, their indescribable smiles, smiles of creatures appear, as if in something forever guilty, as if asking for forgiveness for something. No, it is impossible to describe.It is also impossible, probably because the memory of all this simply stops the heart, takes a breath and an impossible confusion arises in our thoughts, some kind of pain clot! Sorry...
By 1959, 1,500 people with disabilities remained on Valaam, but no one knows how many were here and died since 1949. I think the archives have this information - however, they are not in a hurry to open them. Why do people need to know the truth about war? It’s better to glue St. George ribbons and "we can repeat" stickers on our cars, but think about what this war really wasn’t necessary ...
Write in the comments what you think about all this.