What is the role of landscape in the novel "Fathers and Sons"?
In order to understand how important the role of the landscape in the novel “Fathers and Sons” is, all you need to do is read the first and final chapters of the work by Ivan Turgenev. Using the description of nature, the author conveys to the reader the feelings and emotions of his heroes.
The landscape in the novel “Fathers and Children” is present, of course, not only at the beginning and the epilogue. The image of the boundless Russian fields, cozy old estates, long bumpy roads - all this is commonly found on the pages of the book of the great classic.
Landscape in literature
Karamzin, Pushkin, Gogol and other authors wrote about gray clouds, cold winds, crushed fields, red and yellow leaves. Before you figure out what the role of the landscape in the novel “Fathers and Children” is, you need to understand why word masters use descriptions of natural phenomena. In order to increase the amount of work? Or, perhaps, in order to distract the reader from the main storyline?
By no means. The role of landscape in the novel "Fathers and Sons", as in many other works of literature, is great.This is a kind of artistic tool that allows, as mentioned above, to convey the deepest emotions of the characters.
The hero of the Pushkin story, which is included in the school curriculum, last time passes by the stationmaster's house in the fall. It was then that he learned the bad news: the owner of this modest dwelling died, the daughter came, but did not find her father alive. Pushkin uses the autumn background, thereby underlines the melancholy, sadness, feeling of irretrievable loss. Now, after giving an example from the story “The Stationmaster”, let's proceed to the main part of our story, namely, the analysis of the landscape in “Fathers and Children”.
What begins the novel "Fathers and Sons"? The role of the landscape in this work is difficult to underestimate when reading the first chapter. The action takes place in late May. In the last spring days the soul is always filled with hopes, joy. Nikolai Petrovich is waiting for his son. This is a kind, loving person who is able to appreciate the art and beauty of nature, which causes a slight irritation of Bazarov. Spring landscape reflects the inner world of Nikolai Kirsanov.
But not only rainbow pictures painted Turgenev in his work. One can even say that only in the first chapter, where it was told about the arrival of Kirsanov Jr., the writer conveyed through the description of nature a light, spiritualized state of the heroes.
In the future, his characters will argue, be disappointed, sad, suffer. To determine the role of the landscape in the novel “Fathers and Sons” will help the history of writing the imperishable work of Turgenev.
A new look at the landlord lifestyle
So when was the novel written? In the 60s of the XIX century. What event was the most important in the public life of Russia in this period? Of course, the abolition of serfdom, which not only changed the lives of landowners and former peasants, but also gave rise to new ideas and theories.
The Russian landscape in the work “Fathers and Sons”, about the role of which many critical articles have been written, is almost mainly in the novel. Nevertheless, the book itself was created by a writer who spent most of his life abroad.
The idea of the novel appeared during his stay in England. The main storyline came to Turgenev's head after a small but very significant quarrel with Dobrolyubov, who, according to many literary critics, is the prototype of Yevgeny Bazarov.
The novel is dedicated to the new man.A person who does not recognize landowner traditions is convinced that the representatives of the older generation live wrongly, stupidly.
Arkady, although he imitates Bazarov, sees the beauty that surrounds him. Eugene also believes that all these stories about love, no matter to whom, to a woman or native land, is nothing but romanticism (he gives a deliberately negative shade to this word). The author, meanwhile, speaks of small rivers with steep banks, ponds with thin dams, low, rickety huts.
What is the role of landscape in the novel Fathers and Sons? Really, portraying the impoverished Russian village, Turgenev felt contempt for her? Hardly. The writer loved his homeland, although much did not suit him. According to documentary sources, this is why he so often went abroad. In landed circles in the middle of the 19th century, inertia and limitations prevailed. The abolition of serfdom did not greatly affect the worldview of the Russian nobility.
To see the shortcomings of our compatriots does not mean not to love the Motherland. Noticing the poverty of the Russian countryside does not mean not appreciating the beauty of the native landscape. Even modern readers, discovering the novel Fathers and Sons, created more than a century and a half ago, understand the pain of the author.The Russian province combines beauty and ugliness, wealth and poverty, vivid picturesque landscapes and scary pictures of desolation.
Let us return to Nikolai Petrovich - the hero, who, unlike many others in the work of Turgenev, found happiness. To the character who caused Bazarov’s disregard only because he read Pushkin and played the cello.
Nikolai Petrovich used to admire the landscape. After all, he was a romantic. One day, on the very day when his son returns, Kirsanov sees a sunlit grove, a pale blue sky. It covers memories of a deceased wife. Nikolay Petrovich is visited by nostalgia. In the evening, looking at the sky, he admires the stars, while being sad.
What is the role of the landscape in Fathers and Children? This means of expression gives a full description of the characters. Nikolai Petrovich sees the beauty of nature. Arkady furtively admires the fields and the setting sun. For Bazarov, the beautiful Russian landscape is nothing but trivial.
In the life of a young doctor only scientific research matters. He does not go to the river to enjoy the beauty of the morning landscape.He goes to the pond in order to get the frogs, which he needs for experiments.
Bazarov does not hear the morning birds singing, and the gray willows, sadly bent over at the pond, do not cause him any emotions. Yet he is not the ultimate cynic. No matter how hard Bazarov tried to kill the romance in himself, he sees and feels the beauty.
This hero is not at all like his brother. He, unlike Nikolai Petrovich, was not born a romantic. On the day when his brother was enchanted by the beauty of the night sky, he, too, was walking slowly through the garden. However, in this scene, the landscape serves subtle lyrical commentary. Pavel Petrovich was hard to live, much harder than he himself believes.
A significant role was played by the description of nature in the scene of a duel between Kirsanov and Bazarov. The absurdity of this duel is set off by a fresh morning landscape: small dew, heavenly glaze, curly clouds-lambs. Turgenev used the landscape to convey the various shades of the mental state of his characters.
The tragedy of the protagonist of the novel "Fathers and Sons" is unlimited loneliness. He tried to be cynical and as sensible as possible.He did not recognize sensitivity and romanticism. Yet one day Bazarov fell in love. His feeling remained unanswered. Odintsova rejected Yevgeny, she was afraid to change her usual way of life. Bazarov soon fell ill, and only before his death he realized the absurdity of his views.
The nihilist is buried in a small village cemetery. This dull landscape emphasizes the loneliness from which he suffered in life. Old men come to his grave who loved their strange but talented son very much. However, even the parents did not understand Bazarov. The final landscape in the work of Turgenev is imbued with sorrowful reflections and lyrical sadness. In this description, the author introduced his own assessment of Bazarov and his case. Everything in this life is transient. Only nature is eternal, the beauty of which was fiercely rejected by the proud nihilist.