What is a hood? Meaning and etymology
In classical fiction, words are often encountered whose meaning to modern man is incomprehensible. It is difficult for an ordinary unprepared reader to deal with obsolete words that are gradually disappearing or have already left the modern Russian language. It is this layer of vocabulary that most difficult to understand the text and repels readers.
Two groups of words can be considered obsolete in the most general sense: vocabulary, which names objects that have come out of use, and words that are replaced by analogues in modern Russian. These words include "hood". The term is often relatively often found in the literary works of Russian classics, in feature films and documentaries, so it will be useful for any educated person to know what a “hood” is.
The meaning of a word is always easier to identify and remember, given its origin, so we turn to the history of the word.
Etymology of the word
According to the etymological dictionary of the Russian language, edited by N.М. Shansky word "tower" was borrowed by the Russian language in the XVI century. It is derived from the word “bash”, which in Turkish means “head”. "Bashlyk" in a literal translation - is a kind of headgear.
In another etymological dictionary edited by Max Fasmer, a similar explanation is given. In addition to etymology, the scientist gives interesting information about the existence of the term in the Slavic languages. Thus, according to the dictionary, the word “bashlyk” had abbreviated forms in Russian and Ukrainian languages - “shlyk” (in Russian) and “slip” - “hat with fur trim” (in Ukrainian). It is also noted that the term was borrowed in the same form Polish.
But this is a story ... And how from the point of view of the modern Russian language is the term "tower" interpreted? Value,which word has today, you need to look in the explanatory dictionaries.Let us turn to the most authoritative of them.
What is a "hood"? General definition
According to Ushakov’s explanatory dictionary, the winter hat is a loose-fitting hat made of coarse cloth, which is usually worn over the cap to protect against strong wind.The dictionary entry also contains references to the Turkic origin of the word.
A similar value is found in another manual. According to the dictionary S.I. Ozhegov's “hood” is a warm cap, made of thick fabric, cloth, with long ends, worn over another headgear - hats, hats, etc.
Dictionary of SA Kuznetsova gives a more current interpretation today. The author points out that this is a woolen pointed headpiece similar to a free hood, which is part of the national costume of the Caucasian peoples. About a century ago, the word was actively used by Russian-speaking people, since the tower was part of the military uniform of the winter season in the tsarist army, as well as part of the form of high school students. The last interpretation, as we see, more accurately defines the meaning of a word in modern language and in the past. Based on this value, it is easy to understand what a “tower” is and why the word was so popular in the 19th century.
The characteristics of the term “hood” (meaning of the word, origin, grammatical characteristics) are rather difficult to learn because of its low frequency.However, it is necessary to expand your vocabulary, not only to improve the quality of speech, but also to develop thinking. So what is a “hood”? The most common definition would be: a hood is a special type of headgear in the form of a cap or hood made of thick cloth to protect against strong wind. It should be borne in mind that this type of headgear was distributed not only in the Caucasus, but also in Russia.