What debts will they not let go abroad?

Read this post carefully, it is important to know.
And then you come to the airport in anticipation of the long-awaited journey and at the check-in you suddenly find out that all your plans are going down the drain ... A man in green uniform says that you are not allowed to travel abroad. Got into this situation? I hope no. Because, according to the Federal Bailiffs Service, the temporary restrictions on traveling abroad have already been turned against more than 2 million Russian citizens. Outstanding loans, fines, alimony, etc. - these and similar debts may not worry you much while you quietly and peacefully live in one place, but become an unpleasant surprise as soon as you gather abroad. Now the debtors often find out about the ban imposed on them because of debts only at the airport, already having paid for the tour and air tickets and not being able to rectify the situation on the spot. Starting from 2018, bailiff offices should appear at border points throughout Russia - they can promptly pay off their debts and get permission to travel abroad. In the meantime ...
So, useful information about who runs the risk of being blacklisted and how to act in such situations.

How to get into the "black lists"
The typical reason for which tourists become temporarily not allowed to travel abroad is the non-payment of mandatory taxes and fees, fines, including the imposed traffic police, alimony, housing and communal services, as well as overdue bank loans.
Sometimes sanctions apply to law-abiding citizens. For example, a person is registered on the living space of relatives, but lives separately. Suddenly it turns out that the apartment has accumulated a debt of utility payments, and a part of the payment is also due from it as a family member. Present claims and guarantors for loans if the borrower does not fulfill its obligations to the bank.
The procedure for imposing a temporary restriction on traveling abroad is as follows.
The lender - the tax service, the bank, the management company, etc. - goes to court. Having reviewed the application, the judge issues a court order to collect the amount of money and sends it to the Federal Bailiff Service (FSSP), where the enforcement proceedings are started.In this case, the bailiff has the right to make a decision on a temporary ban on travel outside the Russian Federation, which should be sent to the debtor by mail or served in person. In parallel, information is transmitted to the Border Guard Service of the Federal Security Service of Russia. The debtor is entered into the database of border guards, and at the passport control at the airport or another point he will not be given a stamp permitting exit from the country.

Who should be worried and who should calmly pack their bags?
The mere fact of having outstanding debts does not automatically prohibit leaving the Russian Federation.
There is no reason for alarm for those whose amount of debt does not exceed 30 thousand rubles. (from October 2, 2017, up to this date - 10 thousand rubles), - the relevant amendments to the Federal Law “On Enforcement Proceedings”, according to which such citizens should not be stopped at the border, were signed by President Putin in July 2017.
However, raising the bar will not affect all debtors. As before, a ban on traveling abroad with a debt of 10 thousand rubles can be entered into by debtors of alimony, as well as those who are indebted to pay compensation for damage to health, compensation for damage due to the death of the breadwinner, and also due to property damage or moral harm and if the debtor is in debt from 30 thousandrubles delayed the implementation of the requirements of the court for more than two months.
But the opening of the FSSP of executive proceedings for debts of more than 30 thousand rubles also does not lead to an indispensable restriction on travel abroad. The decision is made by the bailiff who is in charge of the debtor’s case. If there is a debt, but it is not transferred to the police officers, then there may be no prohibition. If there is no debt, but the bailiffs think that there is, a prohibition may appear. There are cases when, even with the amounts of commitments of hundreds of thousands, the decision to ban leaving the Russian Federation was not made.
If the order is issued, the debtor still has about a two-week chance to go on a trip - during this time information from the FSSP usually arrives to the border guards.
In the most unenviable situation are those who are not aware of the exit ban imposed on them, as well as those who have already repaid debts, but still face problems when crossing the border due to the late passage of data between regulatory agencies.

Below are a few life hacks for such travelers who will help prevent problems.
Advice to those who are still experiencing
one.Bailiffs are obliged to send a resolution to the debtor about a temporary restriction on his departure abroad, but in practice this does not always happen. Resolutions are not published on the FSSP website fssprus.ru, but if it is known about the accumulated debts, it would be useful to check on this resource whether enforcement proceedings have not been instituted on them. If yes, then there is a possibility that the exit restriction has been established, and information about this has been submitted to the border guard service.
2. After paying off the debt, the bailiffs lift the ban on leaving within 10 days. Speed ​​up the process to one day is real only if a trip abroad is necessary for medical reasons. In this case, you need to provide the FSSP body with an appropriate certificate from the doctor.
3. The final authority deciding whether to release outside the Russian Federation is the Border Guard Service of the Federal Security Service of Russia. Therefore, after the restriction on exit is lifted by the FSSP, it is necessary to make sure that the debtor was also excluded from the “black lists” of border guards. To do this, it is recommended to send a request to the site ps.fsb.ru. The official response, as a rule, comes to e-mail no earlier than in 10–12 days.
Border guards are guided by their own database. Therefore, the presentation at the checkpoints at airports, etc., receipts for payment of debts or the FSSP order to lift the temporary restrictions on exit will not help.
With the entry into force of the law on raising the debt threshold, the mechanism for transmitting information on repaid fines will change. It should accelerate significantly with the introduction of electronic document circulation between the FSSP and the FSB - it will take no more than 24 hours to reach the decision on lifting restrictions. The pilot project is already being prepared for implementation in the Belgorod region.

4. Those who do not have time to wait for a response from the border guards, sometimes check their right to leave in the following way. They buy a ticket for any visa-free destination: either the cheapest, or, on the contrary, expensive, at a return fare with a minimum fine in case of refusal from the flight. Pass only check-in and passport control, where it turns out belonging to the "black list". The idea seems crazy, but some do.

5. Travelers who repay debtsthey have a decree on the removal of restrictions on departure, but were not released at the checkpoint due to inconsistent actions of the FSSP and border guards, it is recommended to demand compensation for costs through the courts. Precedents decisions in favor of the plaintiffs are. As evidence, you need to provide not only a paid tour or airline tickets, but also documents showing a failed departure attempt — boarding passes for the flight, a written refusal by the border guards to let out of the Russian Federation.

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On Internet forums there are quite a few tips for debtors on how to travel abroad through neighboring countries that do not have border controls with the Russian Federation. However, lawyers advise to treat this method with caution, as soon the “loophole” will be closed, the Ministry of Justice is preparing an interstate agreement on this matter. Therefore, the most reliable way to stay on-site is to try to make mandatory payments in a timely manner and not act as a guarantor for doubtful borrowers.

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