What danger speaks dark feces
Acute, chronic, hidden gastrointestinal bleeding is not the last in a series of serious diseases. Usually, any color changes in the feces cause a well-founded concern. But when black dots appear in the feces of a child or an adult, this should cause concern. However, diagnosing the diseases that accompany these symptoms is not always a simple task for modern medicine.
Why is the chair black
Sometimes the presence of black tarry stools (melena) is not a sign of danger to the life of the patient. Its appearance may be due to the intake of black liquorice, bismuth preparations or iron in the form of a mineral additive. But it also happens that melena indicates not just blood marks in the intestines, but the opened internal bleeding. Such natural secretions serve as a symptom of conditions dangerous to humans. Black or dark stools indicate bleeding that has opened in the upper part of the digestive tract. The usual places of its occurrence are the stomach, esophagus or small intestine.Of particular difficulty in diagnosing cause bleeding from the department of the latter.Such cases are quite rare, but each time in diagnostic terms they represent a difficult task, the solution of which is possible only with the help of an enteroscope or other modern diagnostic equipment. Sources of bleeding, as evidenced by dark feces, can be various inflammatory processes, diverticula of the colon and small intestine, the presence of vascular diseases or tumors in the intestine.
Dark feces - a symptom of serious diseases
Black tarry fecal masses can be the result of gastric ulcers, which caused damage to blood vessels and caused profuse bleeding, life-threatening. They are the first sign of a similar disorder and are usually accompanied by nausea, vomiting, possibly with blood, severe, burning, or acute pain in the stomach. In case of other serious dark-colored diseases, the patient's feces may be accompanied, in addition to bloody vomiting, with bright red rectal bleeding, dizziness or weakness caused by severe blood loss.
Diagnosis of intestinal bleeding
To identify the causes of intestinal bleeding in the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract, usually used esophagogastroduodenoscopy or, if possible, intestinoscopy.
Bleeding, the place of formation of which is the lower part of the gastrointestinal tract, is diagnosed with a colonoscopy. If they stop, and the dark feces disappear, it becomes almost impossible to find the focus of the disease. In this case, the patient is discharged for home treatment with the recommendation of immediate treatment to the hospital with a relapse of bleeding. A survey of such a patient with repeated bleeding using radionuclide methods significantly increases the likelihood of identifying its source.