Tips for choosing a place and making a foundation under a greenhouse
Although greenhouses, as a whole, are not structurescomplex, but their construction or installation by their own efforts is a rather difficult task, not to mention the provision of all sorts of useful devices, such as holding water or electricity.
Before you start building a foundation forgreenhouse, you should make sure that the place under the construction is chosen correctly - the greenhouse should not be shaded by the house, trees or fence, but if the choice is small, then the only place on the site where it can be put should be used in the most optimal way. It is not recommended to put greenhouses in the hollows or hollows or next to them - it will always drain and collect cold air. Access to the greenhouse should be very good, the width of the passage around the structure should be at least 1.5 m.
When choosing a place, one should take into account not onlygood illumination, but also the nature of the prevailing winds. Will help protect the structure from the wind device of a special fence or planting a hedge.
Choosing the right place, it's best to drawon paper a plan on which all the elements and dimensions of the greenhouse would be indicated. Making sure that everything is thought out and nothing is forgotten, you can proceed with clearing the terrain and marking the structure. The markings are made with the help of pegs driven into the ground, the nails are nailed to the tops, and twine is attached to them. By means of a gon or gauges of diagonals, it is necessary to make sure that all corners are straight, if necessary, to produce the required fit.
The clearing of the site includes work onremoval of turf, loosening of the upper layer of the soil and careful removal of all stones, rhizomes and debris. In the end, it is very good to level the soil with rakes, to level all the tubercles and hollows. Control the horizontal nature of the terrain will help a straight board with the level laid on it. If the floor of the greenhouse does not provide for the breakdown of beds, then it is recommended to fill it with a thick layer of gravel.
Now you can start laying the foundation forThe greenhouse, which will ensure the construction of the necessary stability and durability. It can be poured from concrete or laid out of bricks. Consider how to make a foundation for a greenhouse made of concrete. Concrete is a universal mixture, the surface of it is very durable and durable. To make the foundation under the greenhouse, it is recommended to take such proportions of constituents: 1 part of cement, 1.5 parts of coarse sand, 2.5 parts of gravel or crushed stone. The optimal width of the trench for the foundation is approximately 40 cm and a depth of about 15 cm, if you plan to lay half the wall of the greenhouse out of bricks, go deeper by 30 cm, then pour a gravel pillow onto the bottom and ram it. Pour the foundation under the greenhouse to the ground level. It is necessary to monitor the height of the foundation. To do this, before pouring, pegs are driven into the corners and the bottom of the trench. Their height should be verified by means of a level and correspond to the height of the basement. By laying concrete exactly at their height, you can be absolutely sure of the horizontal nature of the concrete tape.
If it is planned to fasten the structure with anchors, you should remember to drop them into the raw concrete. After pouring it is necessary to leave the concrete tape for several days to freeze, covering it from the precipitation.
If you are concerned with how to make a foundation forgreenhouses are not only strong, but also well retaining heat in the room, a reasonable solution is to lay on the concrete tape several rows of bricks, since the thermal conductivity of the brickwork is much lower than the glass, even with double glazing. Only lay half the walls of the greenhouse made of bricks possible at the stage of its construction, if the structure is ready, then the foundation can be warmed with foam, wood or air-bubble film.