The wedding of Ivan the Terrible to the kingdom (briefly)
The period that preceded the reign of Ivan IV,on the political and economic situation was not easy. The disparate principalities feuded among themselves. Neighboring countries - Lithuania, Germany, Poland - sought to take over the Moscow principality. The internal strife and the Mongol-Tatar invasions did not allow Russia to exist and develop peacefully.
Tsar Ivan the Terrible was the first tsar of RussiaOrthodox. The wedding of Ivan the Terrible to the kingdom took place in the Assumption Cathedral of the Kremlin, with a huge crowd of people. What kind of person is this? How will you manage Russia in a very difficult time?
The wedding of Ivan the Terrible to the kingdom promisedchange for the better. The ceremony was held on January 16, 1547, while observing the Byzantine scenario that existed at that time. Such attributes as Monomakh's cap, the cross of the life-giving tree, the king's staff and other church objects were used. The wedding ceremony was marked by splendor and grandeur. Present boyars, nobles and church ministers were dressed in expensive embellishments of brocade, gold and precious stones.
The tinkling of church bells, universal rejoicing -all this was a big, colorful holiday. Wedding on the kingdom of Ivan the Terrible determined his high title, and Russia was equated with the Roman Empire. Moscow became the reigning city, and the Russian land became the Russian kingdom. The young Moscow prince was anointed with myrrh, which, by religious concept, meant "chosen by God." The church in all this had a certain interest: to achieve a priority in governing the state and further strengthening of Orthodoxy.
Wedding on the reign of Ivan the Terrible
Catholic rulers do notwere approved. They considered Ivan IV an impostor, and his wedding was an unheard-of insolence. The period in which Grozny had to reign was very difficult. Six months after the wedding fires broke out, which destroyed tens of thousands of houses, property, livestock, food stocks. This is all that is necessary for life. And the worst thing is that not one thousand people died in the fire. The grief that has come has led the people to discontent and despair. Riot, rebellion, and turmoil began. The wedding of Ivan the Terrible to the kingdom turned out to be a difficult test for him.
It was necessary to solve important tasks: strengthen the "court and truth" and further expand Russia's Orthodox. This was the dream of the Grand Duke of Moscow - Ivan III, who laid the nucleus of the Russian state. However, there were many obstacles on the way. Each principality tended to independence. Boyars among themselves fought for power. The princes strove for power and greatness.
Methods of government
According to historians, as a result of secretmurders Ivan IV was an orphan at the age of eight. He considered himself abandoned, offended and saved his anger against humanity. Growing up, he acquired cruelty, for which he eventually became known as the Terrible. The wedding of Ivan the Terrible to the kingdom (1547) is the beginning of a period of cruelty, of violence in Russia by the Grand Duke, who received the title of Emperor. An example is the complaint of 70 Pskovites for the excesses of the governor, Prince Pronsky. For this the king subjected the complainants to cruel tortures. This entailed the permissiveness of local stewards. Feeling impunity, they continued to commit outrage.
Permissiveness and its consequences did not forcelong wait for reckoning: bloody terror began. This caused confusion, popular unrest in Moscow and other cities. To suppress discontent cruel measures were used: terrible executions, in which the tsar himself took part.
The positive side of the reign
And positive achievements for the stateRussian historians noted the wedding of Ivan the Terrible to the kingdom. Among the transformations is the limitation of parochialism (the code of service), which obliges to serve not only slaves, but also the landlords themselves. The reform of local government provided for the replacement of the power of governors with elective bodies. This significantly limited abuse. Much attention was paid to the construction business. Old ones were renovated and new stone structures of various purposes appeared.
In 1560 in Moscow appeared the most beautiful temple of St. Basil, a gladdening view today. The wedding of Ivan the Terrible to the kingdom led to significant changes in foreign policy.
As a result of the strengthening of the paramilitary forcesthe borders of the Russian state are broadened. In 1556, it was finally conquered and annexed to the Muscovite state of Kazan. In the same year, the Astrakhan Khanate was subdued. June 30, 1572 near Moscow, a decisive battle took place, as a result of which the Tatars were defeated and fled, leaving in captivity the famous general Diwey-Murza. With the Tatar yoke was finished for good. The wedding of Ivan the Terrible to the kingdom, the age of his rule are defined as the time of significant changes.
In the history of Orthodox Russia, a turning pointThe last years of the reign of Ivan the Terrible was the death of his son. Historians note that the king killed his son in a fit of anger by inflicting a wound on his temple to his staff. Recovering from what had happened, Grozny realized that he had destroyed the future of his dynasty. Younger son Fedor was weak in health: he could not lead the country. The loss of the heir due to his own cruelty finally undermined the health of the tsar. A worn-out organism could not stand the nervous shock, three years after his son's death, on March 18, 1584, Ivan the Terrible passed away.
Bright personality in Russia
After the death of the king over him, the monasticthe ceremony of tonsure with giving him the name of Jonah. The wedding of Ivan the Terrible to the kingdom can be briefly described as a bright, but at the same time a dark spot in the history of Great Orthodox Russia. The psychological shock received at the youngest age and the weight of glory, power, responsibility, which fell on him, determined his personal actions and state decisions.
For the history of the wedding of Ivan the Terrible to the kingdom(year 1547) was the beginning of a significant era of the formation of the Russian state. Thanks to his first king, his reign, the Russian Empire appeared, which exists and develops to this day.