The most western city of Russia is Baltiisk in the Kaliningrad region: coordinates, climate, population
Russia is a huge country occupying a third of the Eurasian area. Nine natural zones are distinguished in its vast expanses: from in the north to tropical deserts in the south. The distance between the easternmost and most western cities of Russia is almost 10 thousand kilometers. An impressive figure!
In this article you will find a list of the most extreme cities of the Russian Federation. We will pay special attention to the most western city of Russia - Baltiysk. This town is unique in many ways. Want to know why? Then read on.
Extreme points of Russia
The names of the extreme points of continental Russia are known to everyone from school — these are:
- Cape Chelyuskin (northern).
- Mountain Bazarzyugo (south).
- Baltic Spit (western).
- Cape Dezhnev (eastern).
The list of the most extreme cities of Russia (their location is marked on the map below) is as follows:
- Pevek (northernmost).
- Derbent (the southernmost).
- Baltiysk (the most western).
- Anadyr (the easternmost).
It is curious that the northernmost and most eastern cities of Russia are located within the same subject of the federation - the Chukotka Autonomous Region. The distance between them is relatively small - some 600 km. Anadyr and Pevek are harsh northern cities whose population is forced to live in extreme climatic conditions.
But the extreme southern city of the country is radically different from them. Frosts here are a huge rarity. Summer in Derbent lasts 250 days, and the streets of the ancient city are decorated with evergreen subtropical vegetation.
Next, we will tell you in as much detail as possible about the most western city of Russia. Where is Baltiysk, what's the climate, and how many people live in it? Let's figure it out together.
Baltiysk, Kaliningrad region: features of geographical location
Until 1946, this small town bore another name - Pillau. The modern city of Baltiysk is part of the Kaliningrad region of Russia.It is located on the Pilausky Peninsula between the Baltic Sea on one side and the Kaliningrad Bay on the other.
The city of Baltiysk is an important seaport. Today, the largest naval base of the Russian Navy on the Baltic coast is based here. Every year in Baltiysk held a grand parade of ships.
Baltiysk time zone: UTC + 2 (the time difference with the capital of Russia is one hour). The distance to Kaliningrad is 50 km, to Moscow - 1300 km, to the Polish city of Gdansk - only 80 km. The exact geographical coordinates of Baltiysk are in the following table:
54 ° 39 ′ 00 ″ north latitude
Longitude of the city
19 ° 55 ′ 00 ″ east longitude
Climate and nature
The ecological situation in Baltiysk is quite favorable. The city is located on the seashore and there are practically no large enterprises of heavy industry in it. Perhaps the only major polluter of the environment is the port, which ships enter through the canal. Another enemy of ecology in Baltiysk is tourists and vacationers who leave behind in the woods heaps of garbage and destroy the unique sand dunes with their quad biking races.
The climate of Baltiysk is temperate maritime and rather humid. Winter is mild and snowless, summer is cool and rainy. The temperature of sea water off the coast of Baltiysk rarely rises above +18 degrees Celsius. In the warm season, the city is subject to rather strong storms.
The sandy beaches of Baltiysk (clean and wide) are a real miracle of nature. The total length of the beach strip within the city is about 40 kilometers. In the vicinity of Baltiysk, certain areas of dense coniferous forests have been preserved.
Part of the urban area is located on the Baltic Spit. This natural sand formation is divided between two states - Russia and Poland. The state border is only 25 kilometers from Baltiysk.
The width of the Baltic Spit ranges from 300 to 1700 meters. In Soviet times, this entire area was closed to the public. Therefore, both the flora and the fauna are well preserved. Almost the entire area of the spit is occupied by a mixed forest. A narrow strip of beaches (30-45 meters) is covered with low dunes and sparse grassy vegetation. The fauna of the Baltic Spit is typical for temperate latitudes: here you can find wild boar, fox, roe deer, badger, marten and other mammals. The spit's avifauna is rich in 115 species.
It is on the Baltic Spit that the extreme western point of Russia is located. The coordinates of this place are 54 ° 27 ′ 30 ″ north latitude and 19 ° 38 ′ 27 ″ east longitude. In the northern part of the spit there are remains of a German airfield with dilapidated hangars and weapons depots.
Economy and population of Baltiysk
The life of modern Baltiysk is closely connected with the military base and the seaport. Most of the city residents, one way or another, are involved in the maintenance of these two objects.
As of 2017, a little more than 33 thousand people live in Baltiysk. The average age of its inhabitants is 36 years. Despite the low birth rate, the population of the city is growing due to the influx of migrants from the CIS countries. Compared with other settlements of the Kaliningrad region, Baltiysk is a fairly “advanced” city. One fact eloquently testifies to this. In 2009, residents of one of the multi-storey buildings, in which the elevator did not work for many years, brought this business right up to the Strasbourg court!
The key sectors of the local economy are the ship repair and food industries. In the past ten years, tourism has been actively developing. The largest industrial enterprise of Baltiysk is Ship Repair Plant No. 33, which serves both military and civilian vessels (including foreign ones).The city also has an oil transshipment company.
The seaport has played an important role in the development of the city since its foundation in the 16th century. It developed especially rapidly in the 19th century. Today, work is underway to modernize it. Every year at least one million tons of various cargoes pass through the seaport of Baltiysk.
Architecture and areas
The architecture of Baltiysk is dominated by late Soviet buildings in the form of typical prefabricated houses. Also there are brick two-story houses built by the Germans. New buildings are rare and located mainly on the outskirts of the city.
In addition to the tiny center, there are several other districts in Baltiysk: Mechnikovo, the Baltic Spit, the village of Sevastopol. Mechnikovo is located four kilometers from the center of the city and adjoins the Kaliningrad highway. In Soviet times, this territory was closed. The Baltic Spit is an area located to the south of the strait, on the sandy spit of the same name. It is connected with the central part of Baltiysk by ferry. Kamsigal (or the village of Sevastopol) is located on the shores of the Primorskaya Bay.The housing stock of this microdistrict is represented by old German houses on one floor and (fragmentary) new buildings.
Baltiysk transport is represented by regular and fixed-route taxis. The city is connected to Kaliningrad and other districts of the region by regular bus routes.
Baltiysk as an object of tourism
Before the beginning of World War II, Baltiysk (Pillau) was a fairly well-known German resort for the aristocracy. In the place of the present settlement of Mechnikovo, there was a recreational zone “Neuheuser” (in translation - “new houses”). The Soviet government made the city closed, and Baltiysk for many years forgot about tourists.
Now tourist interest in the Baltiysk is resuming. The city has a recreation center and two small hotels. The priority for the development of tourism direction is a beach holiday. The Baltic Spit with its coniferous forests, dunes and many kilometers of excellent sandy beaches has a great recreational potential.
Sights of Baltiysk
The main attraction of the city is, of course, the sea. In the warm season, almost the entire flow of visiting tourists is directed to local beaches.Some of them devote time to other urban sites. For example, the old brick fort "Pillau", built on the shore of the strait in the shape of a star. It was built in the XVII century on the orders of the Swedish king.
The Pillau Citadel has the shape of a pentagon, in each corner of which there is a bastion. Today in the walls of the fort is the Museum of the Baltic Fleet. Within the city remained the remains of three more forts - "Stille", "East" and "West." The most well-preserved fort "East" (1899). Here you can see the moats and fragments of brick walls.
The architectural symbol of Baltiysk is an old German lighthouse. It was built in the XIX century and is still functioning. The city has preserved many other buildings of the German period: a church, infantry barracks, etc.
Baltiysk is also known for its sculptural monuments. The most famous of them are the equestrian monument to Empress Elizabeth, the monument to G. Hagen, the sculpture of a mother with a child.
Baltiysk is the most western city of Russia. It is located in a rather picturesque place - on the shore of the Baltic Sea. Until the mid-twentieth century, this city was German and was called Pillau.After becoming Soviet, Baltiysk became an important naval base and until the end of the 1980s was closed for free visits.
Today, tourists are often visited in Baltiysk to visit the Museum of the Baltic Fleet, wander through the remnants of the Swedish citadel Pillau and climb the ancient lighthouse, which offers a magnificent view of the bay, the spit and the coast.