The drug "Sulfacyl sodium": instructions for use, appointment, dosage and other information
Pharmaceutical agent "Sulfacyl sodium" (instructions for use of this medication will be presented later) - is an antibacterial drug for local use. About what it is intended for, its principle of action and other information you can read in the material of this article.
Composition, appearance and release form
The composition of this drug includes sulfacyl sodium (or sulfacetamide), as well as such auxiliary components as sodium thiosulfate, water for injection and hydrochloric acid solution. Available this tool in the form of 20 or 30% eye drops. The drug Sulfacyl Sodium is a colorless or yellowish liquid.
This drug has a bacteriostatic effect on gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria, namely: pneumococci, streptococci, gonococci, chlamydia,E. coli and actinomycetes. Aqueous solutions of "Sulfacyl sodium" have a slightly alkaline reaction. This fact allows the use of a means of instillation into the eyes.
Indications for the use of drugs
What is the drug prescribed "sulfacyl sodium"? Instructions for use of this tool and its dosage will be presented a little lower. Now I want to talk about the indications for use of this medicine. As you know, it is especially often used in ophthalmic practice. Thus, the drop of “Sulfacyl sodium” quite effectively manifested itself in the treatment of inflammatory and infectious diseases of the eye, which were caused by microorganisms sensitive to the action of this remedy. It should also be noted that the presented drug accelerates corneal healing and reduces purulent processes. It is often used to treat conjunctivitis, blepharitis, streptoderma, gonorrheal eye disease, staphyloderma, as well as for the prevention of biliary disease in children, including newborns.
Other indications for use
It should be particularly noted that in some cases, the drug Sulfacyl Sodium is used for instillation into the nose (for example, with a prolonged rhinitis, the addition of a bacterial infection, etc.).By the way, when he gets on the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity, it causes a burning sensation. In addition, sredsto "Sulfatsil sodium" is often used in acute and otitis media. But for instillation into the ear it must be diluted with warm water (boiled) in the ratio of 1: 2 or 1: 4.
Drug "Sulfacyl sodium": instructions for use
The drug "Sulfacyl sodium" is prescribed in the following doses:
- When conjunctivitis and keratitis, adults are prescribed in the form of a 10, 20 or 30% solution, 2-3 drops 4-6 times a day, and children - 10 or 20% means in the amount of 1-2 drops 2-3 times in a day. The duration of the course depends on the severity and degree of the disease.
- To prevent blistering, 2 drops of a 30% solution must be instilled into each eye of a newborn.
- In case of gonorrheal eye diseases, combination therapy is prescribed, which also includes local treatment with the drug Sulfacyl Sodium in the form of instillation of a 30% solution.
- For the treatment of infected wounds, doctors recommend using the powder of the drug Sulfacil Sodium (dusting).
Before using this product, the cap on the bottle should not be screwed tight.As for the first application, before such a procedure, the cap must be screwed down until it stops. In this case, the spike, which is located on its inner side, must pierce a hole in the membrane. Before direct use, it is recommended to hold the bottle of medicinal liquid in your hand so that it warms to the temperature of the human body. After that, the cap must be unscrewed, removed, and then lightly press on the soft body and drip the solution into the eyes. At the end of the treatment procedure, the medicine bottle should be tightly closed.
The drug "Sulfacyl sodium" (instructions for use of this tool was presented a little higher) very rarely causes side effects. But in some cases, the patient may notice irritation of the mucous tissues and skin of the eyelids, swelling, redness and itching. In this case, the use of such a drug should immediately be abandoned. After all, the only way to avoid the further development of allergic reactions.
Contraindications to the use of funds
The drug "Sulfacyl sodium" is not recommended for those who have increased sensitivity to the main components of the drug.
Difference in preparations
In pharmacy chains, this drug can be sold under different names. In this regard, many consumers have a logical question about what is the difference between the medicines "Sulfacyl sodium" and the means "Sulfacyl sodium-DIA". Experts answer it unequivocally. These drugs do not differ from each other (neither in principle of action nor in composition). Both drugs can be used for conjunctivitis, eye injury, pain and other abnormalities. The difference between them lies only in the fact that they have different manufacturers. In particular, the drug "Sulfacyl sodium-DIA" is manufactured by the company "Diapharm", and this is due to its name.
Interaction with other drugs
If you are taking any other medications, you should consult with your doctor about the possible use of the drug "Sulfacyl sodium". Indeed, with the simultaneous use of this drug with the drugs Novocain, Anestezin and Dikain, its bacteriostatic effects decrease. It is also worth noting that salicylates, para-aminosalicylic acid and the agent Difenin significantly enhance the toxicity of the drug.If you use the drug "Sulfacyl sodium" with anticoagulants of indirect action, the activity of the latter is significantly increased. Those who regularly use Sulfacyl Sodium Eye Drops should be aware that they are incompatible with alkaloid salts. This is due to the fact that there is a mutual decomposition of drugs. In addition, this tool should not be used with zinc sulfate, drugs that contain silver salts, and with components that have an acid reaction.
Overdose can occur only if the drug was used in large doses and for a long time. In this case, the patient notes the itching, swelling and redness of the eyelids. In such situations, one should either continue treatment with a solution, but with a lower concentration, or cancel the medicine altogether.
Lactation and pregnancy
The drug "Sulfacil sodium" during pregnancy, as well as during the period of breastfeeding, is allowed to be used only in therapeutic doses, which must be determined by the attending physician.
Storage conditions and shelf life
Shelf life of the drug "Sulfatsil sodium"(tube-dropper) is not more than 24 months. However, this figure applies only to the closed (unopened) drug. It is also worth noting that the shelf life of this tool is significantly reduced after the first use, when the bottle was opened. In this case, it is highly undesirable to use it after 28 days. It is necessary to store this means with care, namely in the place protected from light and inaccessible for small children. At the same time, the air temperature in the room should be from 9 ° to 16 ° C. This drug can be stored in the refrigerator.