The drug "Phenazepam": overdose, side effects, as well as a number of other characteristics. What to do if you took a large dose of Phenazepam?
In our article, the drug “Phenazepam” will be reviewed, its indications and contraindications to the use are briefly presented, as well as the cases of overdose of this drug are described in detail and the answer is given to the question of what to do if it happened.
What is the drug "Phenazepam"?
This medical drug belongs to the group of tranquilizers, that is, drugs that have a pronounced sedative effect. Also considered a tool can effectively relieve symptoms such as increased anxiety, fear, anxiety.The main active component of the drug “Phenazepam” is, in fact, the substance Phenazepam, and each tablet of the above preparation contains auxiliary components: lactose, corn starch, magnesium stearate and silicon dioxide. The drug is available in the form of white tablets, each 1 mg. They are sealed in blisters of 10 pieces. The package itself contains, as a rule, 50 tablets.
Indications for use of the drug “Phenazepam”
Pay attention to the cases when this drug is usually prescribed. Here are some indications for its purpose:
In general, the range of use of this drug is quite wide, it is used both for the treatment of schizophrenia and reactive psychoses, and as an introduction to anesthesia before surgery.
Drug "Phenazepam": contraindications for use, side effects
The drug has an extensive list of contraindications. So, it is not used if the patient has the following conditions or diseases:
- hypersensitivity to the individual components present in the composition of the drug;
- it cannot be used to treat pregnant and lactating women;
- persons under 18;
- it is not used to treat severe depressions;
- as well as for myasthenia, coma, shock, closed glaucoma.
Side effects from the use of this medication may be drowsiness, confusion of attention, fatigue and general weakness. On the part of the gastrointestinal tract - constipation or, conversely, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, various disorders of appetite. Skin rashes caused by allergies to the drug may also appear: itching, hives, various rashes and redness of the integument.
The drug "Phenazepam": dosage for different categories of patients
The dosage of this medicine depends on the particular disease or condition diagnosed in the patient. So, the adult dose at the beginning of the drug is 0.5-1 mg two or three times a day. The average daily dose for adults is 3-5 mg. The final decision on the quantities in which the drug should be taken should be made by the doctor. When taking the drug “Phenazepam” dose per day should not exceed 10 mg. At the same time, for sleep disorders and insomnia, it is usually prescribed from 250 to 500 mg, that is, half or a quarter of a pill for half an hour before bedtime.With epilepsy, 2-10 mg per day, with alcohol or drug withdrawal, 2-5 mg per day. At the same time keep in mind that this drug is not sold freely at the pharmacy, it can be purchased only by prescription.
The drug "Phenazepam": overdose. What if it happened?
Please note that taking large doses of this drug can cause impaired coordination, trembling hands, impaired vision and speech, slowing breathing and heartbeat. The last two symptoms are especially dangerous, so the drug "Phenazepam", an overdose of which can also cause someone, in any case can not take more than 10 mg per day. If it happened that a large amount of this medicine was taken once, the person should immediately call an ambulance or immediately go to the nearest hospital, and go or go there not on their own, but accompanied by someone. Usually, in medical institutions, preparations based on the substance strychnine are used to reduce the effect of this drug. They are injected intramuscularly 2-3 times a day. Also, the patient is prescribed drugs that stimulate the lungs and heart. For some time, the patient should be monitored by a doctor.Please note that alcohol greatly affects the action of the drug “Phenazepam”, overdose in such cases can occur, even if you took the recommended dose of the drug. The fact is that ethanol enhances the inhibitory effect of the drug, and also makes it more likely toxic and other side effects from its reception. Therefore, be careful when treating with Phenazepam alcohol is contraindicated during the entire course of the drug.
Conclusions and Conclusion
In general, the drug under consideration is a very well-known drug, it has been used to treat patients for more than a dozen years. It is quite effective and with the right dosage does not cause any special side effects, except for sleepiness. But it is impossible to say at what amount of one-time intake pronounced undesirable effects from the remedy “Fenazepam” occur. Overdose is possible within the recommended 10 mg, if you take the drug with alcohol. Also, its effect depends on the age, health and weight of the patient. Therefore, in any case, do not take this drug without a doctor's recommendation, and also follow its instructions clearly.Usually, doctors calculate a single dose depending on the patient's complaints, as well as many other factors. Self-medication in this case can be life-threatening.