The concept and types of communication as the most important area of ​​study of psychology

The problem of verbal contact between people from the point of view of science

The concept and types of communication are one of the most important areas of psychological research. Despite the apparent simplicity, this process includes many different nuances and components. In the modern world, where communicative boundaries practically do not exist, the study of this phenomenon is given increased attention.

Types of communication

The concept and characteristics of personal interaction

If you do not go into the scientific jungle, then we can say that communication is the most important process in the life of every person and the whole society. It is with his help that people not only exchange information, but also become full members of society. Through this process, human socialization occurs, the most important result of which is the revelation of natural inclinations and abilities.The diversity that we encounter when studying types of communication only confirms the thesis about the great significance of this phenomenon.

Concept and types of communication

The main components of the interaction

In itself, the interaction between people involves several basic steps. First, it is the need to share your thoughts with a specific person or to get certain information from him. Secondly, all kinds of communication presuppose a period of preparation, during which the style of dialogue is chosen, goals and the most important theses are formulated. Thirdly, the necessary information is brought to the interlocutor, in parallel with which the person corrects the outlined plan of dialogue and behavior. Fourthly, the communicators analyze the result of the interaction, noting their failures and successes.

The main features of the formal dialogue

There are different approaches, according to which certain types of communication in psychology are distinguished. Practically in any classification there is a so-called “formal dialogue”, when one person is fenced off from another by a kind of mask, and the contact itself resembles a simple set of stereotypical and stereotypical phrases.Sometimes such a manner is even necessary: ​​there are various types of activity when you need to hide your true intentions from your partner.

Types of communication in psychology

Role interaction between people

Quite often found in the life of the so-called role communication. In this case, the social status of interlocutors, as well as the social role they are currently playing, is of great importance. Examples of such interaction can be types of communication according to the scheme buyer - seller or official - visitor.

Verbal interaction with a specific purpose

Speaking about the types of communication, it is impossible not to mention the business style. Its main distinguishing feature is an obligatory focus on a specific result, hence the richness not only in terms of information, but also in facial expressions and gestures. At the same time, the interlocutors are very attentive to the phrases and behavior of each other, making up for themselves a social portrait of a partner.

The most important interaction between people

The most personal character is intimate communication. It necessarily implies maximum tact and interest in the partner, taking into account the emotional background of the conversation, sincerity and close verbal contact.

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