Symptoms, causes and treatment of pityriasis versicolor
Tinea versicoloris is a fungal infection in which pigment spots of various sizes and appearance appear on the human body. They may be yellow, whitish or brown in color. Due to its multicolored color, lichen is often called color. In common parlance is also called beach and sun, as the rays of the sun are a provocateur. At first, the outlines of the spots resemble an oval or a circle, but later they merge and grow into large affected areas resembling a geographical map. Treatment for pityriasis versicolor should be started immediately to avoid serious consequences. This infectious disease is more susceptible to people suffering from hormonal disorders, with a weakened immune system and endocrine diseases.
Pityriasis versicolor: symptoms
The growth and reproduction of the fungus, as a rule, is accompanied by the formation of depigmented pale pink skin.Later, the spots change their color, begin to peel off and resemble bran. Important diagnostic features are: the absence of inflammation - no pain, itching, small scales with the gradual formation of fringe, the growth of foci of infection in large and deep areas, multi-colored spots of asymmetric shape. The treatment of pityriasis lichen takes a long time, and many cannot immediately get rid of it - it turns into a chronic form. Recurrences of the disease occur with reduced immunity, in the period of colds.
The color lichen is transmitted from animals through the soil and personal belongings of an infected person. Mostly they are ill people living in the southern continents. Rare pityriasis versicolor occurs in young children and the elderly. This pathology often affects teenagers and young men. Also, infection is not excluded when: the use of patient items, wearing his clothes, childbirth, pregnancy, hormonal disruptions, somatic diseases (oncology, diabetes, tuberculosis). Argued that this type of lichen is not transmitted by airborne droplets.According to doctors, people with a certain structure of the skin and predisposition can easily pick up a fungal infection, refuting the conclusion. Inevitably infection between close relatives, where some family member is the carrier of the disease. In these cases, the treatment of scabies should be carried out by all family members.
Pityriasis versicolor appears on the neck, head, back of the head, in the armpits, on the back, sides, chest. Inflammation of the spots is marked by mild peeling. Scales easily peel off when washing and scraping.
Get out of lichen using a fluorescent lamp "Wood". The doctor directs the rays to the skin, the sick areas glow with a golden or pink glow. In addition to the lamp, the laboratory method of research is actively used: scales are taken from the infected areas and translucent under a microscope.
Tinea versicolor treatment
Treatment consists of regular, complex and methodical application of antifungal and antibacterial drugs to the surface of the affected skin.The treatment of pityriasis versicolor in a person is carried out according to a definite plan and clear rules. Antimycotic ointments, solutions (itraconazole, ketoconazole) are used as a treatment. In addition to external treatment, it is necessary to apply antimycotics inside. Medications are prescribed, which include: selenium sulfide and treazol, they suppress the reproduction of fungi and promote rapid recovery. Therapy includes restorative procedures, pouring, hardening. With proper treatment, positive dynamics is observed after a few months.