Russian hunting spaniel: characteristic and description of the breed. Photos and reviews
Russian hunting spaniel is proud of domestic cynologists. This dog appeared in Russia more than a hundred and thirty years ago. Due to the compactness of the animal and its low weight, it was successfully used not only for hunting, but also as a companion.
The Russian hunting spaniel is a breed that reached its peak of popularity in the middle of the 20th century. Today, the popularity of this dog among fans has decreased slightly. However, these energetic and hardy animals found new use - today they have become indispensable helpers of the military and police in searching for weapons, explosives and drugs.
The magnificent breed recognized by the Russian Cynological Federation has not yet been included in the registries of the FCI - International Cynological Federation. Despite the fact that Russian breeders are planning international recognition, they are not actively pursuing it.In Europe, the breed is successfully developing - working tests and exhibitions are being held, new breeding clubs and nurseries are being created.
The Russian hunting spaniel, the photo of which can be seen in almost all canine publications, was bred as a result of the crossing of an English Cocker Spaniel and a Springer Spaniel. The dog received from its ancestors a small size, long legs, endurance and a pronounced hunting instinct. Spaniels and today are used to work on the steppe, field, upland and swamp feathered game.
The Russian hunting spaniel appeared on the territory of our country in 1884, at the same time its preliminary selection began. Pure breeding was started only in the middle of the XX century. The standard of this breed was developed and approved in 1951, but its final version was developed in 1966 at the All-Union Cynological Forum.
Russian Spaniel Club
In 2001, the Russian Hunting Spaniel Club began its work. Today it is a serious organization known to all fans of this breed. The initiator of the creation of the organization was the expert of the first category K. V.Borisovich, who devoted most of his life to the study and breeding of hunting dogs. One of his favorite pets was the Russian hunting spaniel. Dynamo - Moscow City Society took under its auspices the created section.
The club was created largely thanks to enthusiasts who wish to support the development of this breed, to promote its popularization in our country. Today the Russian hunting spaniel is experiencing a rebirth. Moscow, due to the presence of the club, occupies a leading position in this process.
Irina Andreevna Eremina, an expert in the All-Russian category, is providing enormous assistance in organizing the work of the section and in preparing young experts. The club has several kennels in which professional breeders breed dogs. Today, there are many people who want to buy a purebred Russian Spaniel dog. A puppy in the nurseries of the club costs from 15 to 40 thousand rubles.
Currently, over 400 animals are registered in the section. The most active owners represent their pets at exhibitions and field trials. Members of the club are united in the conviction that there is no best dog for dog hunting in Russia.
Russian hunting spaniel: breed description
This is a long-haired, squat animal of strong build. Growth in the withers of a dog does not exceed 44 cm, the bitch is slightly smaller (42 cm). An adult weighs from 14 to 20 kg. Growth exceeding the maximum by 1 cm is a disadvantage; over 1 cm is a defect.
Russian Spaniel is folded in proportion. The head is not too large, covered with tightened skin. The length of the skull and muzzle are approximately equal, the back of the nose is parallel to the line of continuation of the forehead. The transition to the face is smooth, but distinct. Lips tight to the face, fully pigmented.
The Russian hunting spaniel has a rectangular body with a slightly falling back line. The sternum is not very deep, elongated, with distinct, springy ribs. The back is wide, elastic, the loins are not very long and slightly raised, the croup is muscular and sloping.
The dog Russian hunting spaniel has strong muscular legs. The length of the front legs (up to the elbow joint) should be 1/2 of the height at the withers. Front paws with “dry” muscles, set slightly wider than the chest line, straight. Shoulders pronounced, with straight forearms.Pasterns set at an angle.
The hind legs are set slightly wider than the front, the thighs are muscular and elongated, the hock joints are powerful. Recommended removal of dewclaws is a prerequisite for working dogs. Fingers arched, bent, tightly compressed, between them grows wool, protecting the animal from injury.
Movable and sturdy. Often, in order to avoid injuries during a hunt, it is stopped at 1/2 the length, however, this is an optional condition. The shortened tail does not affect the expert assessment.
Consists of undercoat and guard hair. The undercoat is quite dense, not leaking water. Ostev hair of medium length, having a characteristic healthy shine, straight. Sometimes it has a small wave. On the front side of the paws and muzzle, the coat is very dense and short, on the back side of the neck and the body is of medium length.
Long and soft hair is located on the chest, ears, abdomen, back of the paws, "pants" and on the tail.
When choosing a puppy, it is sometimes difficult for novice dog breeders to understand the variety of colors of this breed. The breed standard allows the following colors:
- monochrome: brown, red, black; tan: brown and black with tan;
- bicoloured: tiger-red, brown-pied, black-pied;
- tricolor: black and white and brown with a tan.
Vices are considered all colors that are not listed above. Quite rarely, a Russian hunting spaniel is black or completely brown. These puppies are well marked at birth.
Breeders are well aware of the signs by which one can easily determine whether a Russian hunting spaniel will be speckled. Puppies of this color from an early age have pigmentation pads and nose. A puppy will necessarily be speckled if it has a dark nose, and the pads of the paws are completely pigmented or dark spots cover them (the stronger the pads are pigmented, the more intense the color).
A puppy with paw pads and nose is pink at birth. During the first four weeks (sometimes a little later), pigmentation begins in these areas. First, dark “freckles” appear on the nose. Their number gradually increases and they merge with each other, staining the nose. Paw pads may remain pink, or rare dark spots will appear on them.
If you ask the owners: “What are the main features of the Russian hunting spaniel?” - the majority will call equilibrium, vitality, tenderness and friendliness. The dog is a Russian hunting spaniel - a devoted and courageous pet. Here it should be clarified that the dog recognizes the owner of only one, which will obey unquestioningly and try to earn his praise. The rest of the family for your four-legged friend will become full members of the "flock" who will be awarded with respect and tenderness.
For children, the spaniel is restrained and patient. If a small member of the "pack" is too intrusive or inconsistent during the game, the dog will go to a secluded corner. The Russian Spaniel most often ignores other pets. To strangers are mistrustful, but at the same time rather restrained. Unmotivated aggression towards someone is not typical for this breed.
However, future owners should know that the pliable nature and high intelligence of the spaniel are perfectly combined in it with a magnificent artistic gift. Begging for a piece of your favorite treat, this dog can persuade a stone statue.Russian Spaniel is a faithful and reliable friend, which often exhibits remarkable guard qualities.
Education and training of the Russian hunting spaniel
To engage in the education of this dog must begin with the first days of the appearance of a pet in your home. Even an inexperienced owner will be able to cope with it, in any case, there will be no problems with working out the basic commands. Late training can lead to serious difficulties in the future. Dogs who do not know the measure of what is permitted bring additional trouble to the owner. An inexperienced owner is better to seek help from a professional dog handler.
The Russian hunting spaniel does not seek to dominate the host house. Puppies choose the only person they "designate" as their master. It is desirable that he was engaged in raising the baby, familiarized with the first teams, and family members should adhere to a single line of conduct with a new family member (for example, do not praise him for what the owner has forbidden to do).
Puppies quickly learn where their place is for rest and food. In addition, the baby must understand that his food is in the bowl, and not on the master's table.If you do not once stand in front of a charming tiny creature, be sure that the eyes of your “starving” dog will be directed at you during each meal.
After the puppy has mastered the basic skills and concepts of behavior in the house, it is advisable to go with him early - the course of training (general). It will allow the Spaniel to better understand the owner, and in addition, it will be useful for the owner, who can manage the animals more easily. This course can be taken in specialized schools, and you can master it yourself, using the literature on cynology.
Training in hunting skills should be conducted under the supervision of an instructor, especially if the owner of the animal is a novice. Usually for young dogs, training is carried out in the form of a game - so your four-legged friend will more easily learn his knowledge.
The first appearance of a puppy in the house
So, you decided to buy a Russian Spaniel puppy, found a well-proven kennel, met your future pet and his parents. What to do next?
Before bringing the baby to the house, it is necessary to provide a new member of the family with a place to rest, prepare toys and equipment for walking (leash, collar, toys) and make an appointment at a veterinary clinic.Having bought a puppy, do not rush to transport it to a new home. It is better to do this in the morning: the baby will more easily tolerate moving and separation from his family.
Upon arrival home, let the puppy rest for a while, and then pick him up and walk around the apartment. On a bedding for your four-legged friend, put some object familiar to him from his old place of residence: a blanket flap or a toy. The familiar smell will help the baby to quickly get used to the new house.
Care and maintenance of the spaniel
Caring for a Russian spaniel is no different from caring for other hunting breeds: basically it comes down to caring for ears, hair and paws. Of course, a regular examination of the eyes and teeth is necessary.
The exhibition animal is officially forbidden to cut, as well as use other methods of artificially improving the exterior. But pet owners know that today you can turn to the groomers, who will give the animal a proper look, hide the flaws and highlight its merits.
If your pet is not an exhibitor, then the animal's hair should be combed and washed regularly. During the long walks the spaniel needs,his wool is very dirty, therefore, in addition to constant washing of paws, ears and abdomen, full bathing every two weeks is necessary.
It is advisable to use special zoo shampoos. If there are none, you can use a cleanser for dry hair with conditioner. Temporarily can replace a special tool and baby shampoo without harsh aromas and dyes.
The most problematic place of this breed are ears. Care of them should be given special attention. They should be regularly inspected and once every three days clean the ear with a cotton swab moistened with water. After bathing, it is necessary to thoroughly dry not only the outer part of the ear, it is also necessary to dry the auricle thoroughly.
If your four-legged friend is not just a great companion, but also an excellent hunter, then after each return from nature, a careful examination of the animal is necessary to identify ticks. This should be done even if the dog was previously treated with special preparations that protect against insect bites.
According to the owners, who contain this dog as a companion,he is a great friend, benevolent and loyal, great towards all members of the family, feeling the mood of the owner, not being too intrusive.
Hunters are sure that the best helper for working on feathered game is not to be found. A Russian spaniel on a hunt shows itself as a smart, agile and quick dog. He has a perfectly developed hunting instinct, flair, and natural ingenuity helps to find game even in difficult conditions.