Polyps in the nose: treatment by various methods
How to treat polyps in the nose? After all, these seemingly harmless, benign formations can greatly impair the quality of life.
Polyps in the nose: treatment and symptoms
These growths resemble a bunch of grapes. They appear in the sinuses, and then descend a little lower into the nasal cavity. And they begin to close the respiratory gap. Because of this, polyps in the nose, which were not treated in a timely manner, cause various problems - hearing loss, oxygen deprivation, chronic fatigue and nasal congestion. These formations can be detected during the inspection only when they are seriously beginning to impede breathing. The consequence of their growth are the lack of oxygen, the disappearance of the sharpness of smell and the violation of taste sensations. Polyps in the nose create a suitable environment for the breeding of bacteria, because of this, frequent colds, constantly tormented by nasal discharge. Some patients complain of a headache.If the polyps are not yet very large, they can be detected by computed tomography of the sinuses. Medium sized formations are clearly visible to the otolaryngologist during a routine examination.
Polyps in the nose: medication and surgery
Taking the drugs makes sense, while the benign formations in the nose are still small. When polyps are already large, surgery is necessary. It is made in various ways. The classic way to remove polyps is “loopback” surgery. Under local anesthesia, growths are abruptly pulled out with a device like a wire loop. This operation is very traumatic. It is fraught with complications - for several days after it, free access to pathogenic viruses and bacteria opens up to the human body. A more modern technique that is used to eliminate polyps in the nose is laser treatment. The overgrown tissue is affected by the energy of light, under the influence of which the formation is reduced and seems to shrink. This operation is almost painless, and also, importantly, bloodless and fast. Its disadvantages are that relapses are possible (polypoid tissue is difficult to be cleaned by this method), the method is ineffective if there are many polyps in the nasal cavity.The operation often has to be repeated in ten to twelve months.
How to cure polyps in the nose by the most modern method
The shaver or endonasal endoscope is the most gentle and effective tool for removing growths. When intervening, a monitor is used with which the surgeon sees the nasal cavity and sinuses well. This allows him to cut out the polyp with maximum accuracy and caution, without damaging healthy areas of the mucous membrane. Bleeding is minimal, the probability of recurrence is also low. To fix the result of treatment, you need to follow the recommendations of the doctor, properly care for the nasal cavity, and rinse with special solutions. In the first month after surgery, hormone-based medications will have to be taken. They will prevent the re-growth of polyps. In the future, you need to regularly come for a visit to an otolaryngologist.