One of the forgotten projects
Everyone, at least once visiting the Kremlin of the city of Tula, of course, noticed the particular desert of its territory, most of which is occupied by lawns, even
recently quite wild and somewhat cultivated in recent years.
However, in the times not so remote there was an idea to build up the Kremlin,
and not something, but a museum of wooden architecture.
The decision of the local executive committee on the creation of the museum appeared in 1973 in the light of the wise instructions of Min. culture of the RSFSR and the Tula Regional Committee of the CPSU, who wrote about the importance of this task.
But it was not going fast.
The draft project began sometime in 1976, specialists from the VNRRK (All-Union Production Research and Restoration Plant, soon transformed into the Union Restoration), led by such famous persons as AVVorobyov and M.V. Nashokina.
Master Plan 1979:
In contrast to our other open-air museums, which collect traditional folk buildings of the rural and peasant circle, it was intended to bring monuments of the CITY wooden buildings of the XIX - early XX centuries to the Tula Kremlin.
In this sense, the idea was certainly unique.
Design layout, made by V.P. Krasikov. View of the Kremlin from the southwest:
Even now, after the barbaric demolitions and moronic Euro-repairs, the old buildings of this city for central Russia are unique both in quality and quantity. And what happened in the 1970s? ...
They write in 1978–1979 the architects of the VNRMM, M. Yenisherl and L. Potapov, examined the “whole” wooden Tula and took photographs of about 600 buildings, a few dozen of which became supposed exhibits.
The same layout from the west:
In connection with the design of the museum, archaeological research was carried out, mainly in the eastern part, where the TOZ stadium stretched freely in Soviet times, and where the main part of the future exhibition was planned.
The works for Tula Kremlin turned out to be quite solid, because before that they were digging it only once (1935).
In 1978 V. Burov conducted excavations, and in 1979-1980 - A.V. Varenov. Found the foundation of the first stone cathedral of the XVII century and identified the general structure of the long-disappeared layout.
The desolation of the Kremlin may have contributed to the large urban fires of 1779, 1789 and two in 1834.
According to the materials of the XVII century, the Kremlin was built up quite tightly, but by the end of the XVIII the western part of it
already noticeably empty:
And on the plan of 1891, inside the fortress walls, we see only two churches and part of the mall:
The same picture on the pre-revolutionary cards:
The basis of the planning has long been the intersection of two straight main streets, the Bolshoy Kremlin from the Pyatnitsky Gate to Ivanovsky and the Malaya Kremlin, from Odoyevsky to Water.
In the project of the museum there was an attempt to somehow resurrect that scheme.
The eastern part of the Grand Kremlin on the layout:
Even the main entrance was proposed to be moved from the Odoevsky’s to the Pyatnitsky Gate, from which the street would rise to the Cathedral Square, decorated with monuments of the rich military history of Tula.
The foundations of the bell tower of the Assumption Cathedral were wanted to be mothballed, but did not rule out the possibility of a full restoration “afterwards” (which was recently done).
Pyatnitsky gate from the east:
Along the walls near the northeastern Ivanovo Tower, the Tula production guns of different times were going to be put up, and the trade and tourism infrastructure, catering, etc. - Naturally in the north-western part, where the malls, which dreamed of decorating with an open exhibition of street lamps (of course, also Tula).
And behind the altar of the Epiphany Cathedral there is a large excavated excavation "Siege Courts of the XVI - XVII Centuries.
In short, the project was very extensive, quite in the spirit of the Soviet restoration of the Brezhnev era.
Not even the beach of Upa was forgotten along the northern wall, where they planned the embankment, every possible improvement, cleaning of the riverbed ...
But there, in my opinion, and still the industrial zone and "stop, I will shoot."
And they dreamed about the popular embankment in the place where they were still in the Commission on the structure, making up the general plan of 1779.
So, still ahead.
Lawn at the Spasskaya Tower May 16, 2013:
Well, and wooden architecture? ...
They write in the city there is a certain exhibition of platbands, in the fall they even promise a museum on this topic.
The guys in 3D depicted that idea in this way and that way, and what percentage of even a percentage of the houses, but only the "remnants of the houses" they can actually save, I don’t know.