OJSC "Nizhny Novgorod Machine Building Plant": history and production
JSC "Nizhny Novgorod Machine Building Plant"is one of the country's largest defense companies. The company became famous for designing and manufacturing artillery systems. Today, NMZ produces complex military-technical products, as well as reactors and components for nuclear power plants, including for ships with nuclear power plant.
Before the revolution, a large machine-building plantNizhny Novgorod region "Red Sormovo" nurtured plans to transfer part of the volume production (primarily, metallurgical) to another site. Only with the advent of Soviet power began the practical implementation of this project. In 1921, research work was started and design of future workshops was started. However, the plans were changed in favor of creating a defense company instead of a metallurgical site.
Nizhny Novgorod Machine-Building Plant (NMZ) waswas founded in 1932 as a site for the mass production of artillery systems. The first products were 76-mm guns DRP-4. They were released even in unfinished, poorly equipped shops, but the task of Nizhny Novgorod coped. In 1938 the factory designers, under the leadership of the outstanding engineer VG Grabin, presented the F-22 gun and the modified version of the USS F-22 to the government. Commission, headed personally by I.V. Stalin, decided to set up a large-scale production of guns in the shortest possible time. Before the war, more than 2,500 units were manufactured.
In 1939, Grabin and theThe Nizhny Novgorod Machine-Building Plant was the first to introduce a unique model of narrow specialization of shops, which allowed for the rapid assembly of guns in large quantities without reducing the quality. Thanks to the revolutionary methods of organizing production, the enterprise remained the best in the industry manufacturer of artillery systems.
After the Second World War the plant mastered the production of the newestspecial equipment, equipment for nuclear power plants, steam generating units for the nuclear fleet, industrial products, consumer goods. The collective was awarded 5 highest orders of the USSR.
As a joint-stock company, NMP exists from 01.07.1992. And on April 23, 2002 the plant became part of the Almaz-Antey Concern. On 20.08.2009 the enterprise is included in the list of strategic companies.
The main activity of the Nizhny Novgorodmachine-building plant is the design, manufacture, modernization and operational support of radar complexes and air defense, artillery armament, reactor and auxiliary equipment for the fleet and nuclear power of the country, including military use.
In addition, NMP is engaged in the production of:
- equipment for morflot;
- ANNU (steam generating atomic installations);
- mining equipment and electrical equipment in explosion-proof design;
- heating plants;
- equipment for the needs of agriculture, forestry and oil industry;
- machine tools and hoisting equipment;
- consumer goods.
- metallurgical products;
- installation, adjustment and repair of heat-energy, electric power equipment, power facilities.
The products are manufactured in three main market segments:
- military products;
- products for nuclear power plants and the court industry;
- civil products.
The most important direction of the product line on DIDis the long-term participation of the Nizhny Novgorod machine-building plant in the international market of special equipment, mainly related to the implementation of air defense systems and artillery systems. Since 2012, there has been an increase in production volumes for nuclear power plants and the court industry, which amounted to about 17% of the total output. Also significantly increased the output of civilian products, the specific weight of which reaches 15%.
State defense order
In the framework of the GOZ of OAO "Nizhny Novgorod Machine Building Plant" in recent years, the following products have been manufactured:
- complex "Sky";
- complex "Volga";
- two types of chassis, equipped for the prospective complex "Vityaz";
- antenna posts of the S-400 complex;
- The enterprise, together with FNPC NNIIRT (Nizhny Novgorod), manufactured and delivered Niobium products.
Nizhny Novgorod Machine-Building Plant incooperation with OKBM Afrikantov produces steam generating units of various designs. Together with the head unit of the State Security Committee, Almaz Antey is upgrading existing S-400 air defense systems. Today, a large-scale project for the construction of the second production line is being carried out at the NMZ. After the implementation of the plan, the capacity of the plant will increase at least twice.