Noun as part of speech and its features
The noun as part of speech isan independent part. In a broad sense, all nouns call subjects and answer two questions: who? what?. Occupying their place in the proposal, they often act as a subject, as well as additions or circumstances. The noun in the Russian language has six categories, each of which divides all the words of this part of speech according to a particular attribute.
Category 1. The case of the noun
The first category of nouns is built onopposition of cases. Case forms help determine how a noun, as part of speech, refers to other words denoting objects, actions, or attributes. The Russian language has six cases, each of which answers its questions. The auxiliary words are used to facilitate the understanding of the semantic load of the noun.
Questions for the nominative - who? what?
for the genitive - no one? What?
for the dative - to give to whom? What?
for accusative - to blame whom? what?
for the instrumental - to be proud of whom? by whom?
for prepositional - talk about whom? about what?
Category 2. Genus of nouns
Each noun's name as part of the speech can beattributed to one of the three genera - to the female, male or middle. The noun refers to the feminine gender, if the words "it's mine" fit it. Accordingly, to the words of the masculine gender - "he is mine," and for the average - "it's mine."
Category 3. Number of nouns
All nouns in Russian, exceptwords-exceptions, can be put in two forms - in the plural or in the singular. These forms can be distinguished by the endings, depending on which the meaning of the words changes.
Category 4. Nouns and declension
The noun as part of speech changes itsform by case and number. Depending on the characteristics of the change, all words of this part of speech are divided into three groups-declensions. The first declension includes the names of objects of the male and female kind, the endings of which in the nominative case end with the letters -a, -y. In the second declension - the words of a masculine gender without an ending, as well as nouns of the middle genus. And finally, the third group of declination includes items of the feminine gender, at the end of which there is a soft sign. In addition to these basic forms, there are also words-exceptions - these are different and indeclinable nouns.
Category 5. Words of nouns
All words in this part of the speech are classified into twodischarge - common and proprietary. The first group includes homogeneous names, processes or states, and proper nouns include the names of single, unique objects. Own words are names, surnames, names, etc.
Category 6. Animate or inanimate nouns
Each noun's name as part of speech refers to a group of animate or inanimate names.