Mixed Republic - the brink of forms of government
In the world of legal and state science, a mixed republic is a complex, multifaceted phenomenon, the study of which gives a clear idea of what a country is at a particular point in its history.
About the board in a mixed style
Not one fundamental state act in the modern world uses in its text the notion of “mixed republic”. This definition exists only in science, but only because it is impossible to make a clear definition of the forms of government of some countries. It should be noted that the definition of a mixed republic was originally given by Plato in his “Dialogues”.Over time, other philosophers have modernized this concept, and today this term most often means a form of government in which the powers between the highest legislative body and the president (regardless of whether it is sole or collegial) are distributed relatively evenly.
Between president and parliament
In most of the works of jurists, the distribution of powers and the relationship between the President (monarch) and Parliament are special features of this type of government. Mixed forms of government suggest that each of the higher bodies is elected independently of each other, which brings them closer to the presidential republic. But at the same time, the formation of the executive body is carried out by them on a parity basis. And this implies the following procedure: the President nominates the candidacy of the head of the Government (Prime Minister), and the Parliament approves or boycotts it. At the same time, coordination of the composition of the executive body itself takes place only between the President and the approved head. But that’s not the case with the Government. Separation occurs in the phase of the latter. Thus, the current discussion of action plans takes place exclusively with the President, but the results of the work are presented only to Parliament. By the way, the latter circumstance is one of the sides of the so-called mechanism of checks and balances.If Parliament sees the lack of competence in the actions of the Government, it can dismiss it along with the head. At the same time, the mixed republic fully allows for retaliatory actions by the President, who has the right to dissolve the main lawmaking body. It is also worth noting that the Constitutional Court determines the legality of the actions of both parties to the conflict if this is indicated in the main act of the country.
Mixed Republic - examples of division
It is worth remembering that this form of government is only a transition between the main types of the republic. And therefore, depending on the direction in which the state is moving, the corresponding subtypes of republics arise: semi-presidential, super-presidential, semi-parliamentary. In the semi-presidential movement begins in the direction of strengthening the role of the President as a representative of the will of the majority of the population and, accordingly, the transition to a presidential republic. If the movement continues, then a pronounced super-presidential republic is formed, its rule more reminiscent of a dualistic monarchy.The most democratic is the semi-parliamentary mixed republic. In this case, the movement is in the direction of strengthening the representatives of the people and preventing the concentration of power in a single person or group. Given the above, it becomes clear why a mixed republic is not indicated in the main legislative act as a form of government.