Meningitis: effects that may occur after purulent or serous inflammation of the lining of the brain
What is meningitis?
Meningitis is a very dangerous and life-threatening disease, expressed in inflammation of one of the meninges. It may result in the death of the patient. And this, unfortunately, can happen, even if assistance began to be provided on time. It all depends on the type of microbe, its aggressiveness and the quantity, state of the human body in which it fell. Therefore, it will be possible to talk about what meningitis consequences in each particular case only approximately and only after the acute period of the disease (this is about a week).
Who has more severe meningitis?
Particularly affected are people who have brain diseases, including congenital or acquired hydrocephalus, stroke, blood supply to the brain due to the pathology of its vessels.In childhood, prematurity, cerebral palsy, intrauterine infection of the brain (especially caused by the cytomegalovirus or Epstein-Bar virus) complicate the disease. Meningitis has more severe consequences if it is caused by bacteria such as pneumococcus, streptococcus or staphylococcus, as well as viruses from the herpes group (and especially the herpes virus type I or II).
Consequences of various types of meningitis
a) Hydrocephalus: accumulation of excessive amounts of CSF in the brain regions, which increases the intracranial pressure and suffers the part of the brain that is pressed against an excessive volume of fluid. In children, it is more often observed with meningitis caused by a hemophilic rod, in adults, with pneumococcal infection.
b) The lesion of cranial nerves, due to which the face becomes asymmetrical and there is a squint, can also complicate meningitis. These consequences can most often be eliminated after cleansing the cerebrospinal fluid from inflammation during the rehabilitation phase.
c) Formation of a limited accumulation of purulent fluid under the dura mater (subdural effusion): it can dissolve itself, without particularly manifesting itself.But it can happen that a situation when such accumulation of pus causes persistent vomiting or convulsions, constantly increased body temperature.
d) Convulsions similar to epileptic. This condition can be a long time, even throughout life, to remind that a person has suffered meningitis.
After a person has suffered purulent meningitis, the consequences often include:
- headaches that occur when changing the atmospheric pressure (weather);
- hearing loss;
- decrease in memory, concentration, attention;
- strabismus, both converging and diverging;
- violation of coordination;
- autonomic disorders (increased sweating, bouts of facial flushing, bouts of heat or cold);
- developmental delay in children.
2. Serous meningitis has lighter effects only if it was not caused by the herpes virus, cytomegalovirus or Epstein-Barr virus. In the latter cases, there is a high mortality and disability: people who have undergone herpetic meningitis for a long time lose their orientation in time and place, their ability to self-care is lost, the psyche and motor functions are affected.If serous meningitis was caused by other viruses, then most often the consequences are as follows:
- headaches "on the weather" and with prolonged mental concentration;
- Mild mental disorders;
- fast fatiguability;
- difficulty concentrating.
What to do to alleviate the condition of a person who has had meningitis?
After discharge from the hospital, it is necessary to be monitored by a neurologist and undergo a rehabilitation course, which will include the administration of drugs, massage, and exercise therapy or special gymnastics. It is necessary to visit the doctor once a month for the first six months after discharge, then once every three months, then once every six months. Often, with hard work and medication, it is possible to correct both hearing loss, and partially restore vision, and improve movement in the limbs.