MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2

Birds are especially popular with photographers - they are amazingly beautiful and live almost everywhere. At the same time it is not easy to shoot them, because a photo hunting, specializing in shooting birds, must also be an ornithologist. How to take pictures of birds, we understand the new Nikon Training Master with professional photographers. Dmitry Ivanov, Igor Shilohvost, Igor Bartashov, Vlad Vladilenov, Sergey Ivanov and Mikhail Kalinin share their secrets.
And the traditional competition: we are waiting for your work in the comments here until October 10! We remind you that photos must be taken on Nikon! According to the jury, the author of the best one will receive Nikon's special souvenirs! Good luck and bright mood! You can find the Master's Start here!
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Author: Igor Shilohvost
Part 1
Igor Bartashov:
“Shooting wildlife, especially birds in their natural habitat, is a separate area of ​​photography, which has attracted a large number of both photo artists and just naturalists from the very beginning of photography as an art.It is multifaceted in its own way and unites art, technology and the possibility of realizing the hunter's instinct that is quite natural to man since ancient times - only without prejudice to living objects!
To succeed here, in addition to a thorough knowledge of photographic equipment, an understanding of the classical laws of frame construction, it is necessary to know the basic features of the behavior of the objects being shot, to be ready for long-term observations, expectations and the use of special technical means. Here, as with hunting, special shelters may be needed for shooting cautious species, camera traps, equipment for remote shooting and so on. Properly selected photographic equipment is definitely one of the keys to success and there are no universal recipes here - which camera is always better, or which single lens will be enough. Need to consider specific situations.
However, the result pays off any expenses of time, effort and resources - the beauty of nature and living objects is indisputable and keeps in itself a huge potential for creativity and exploring the world around us. Your patience and a little luck will allow not only you, but also the people around to see what is usually hidden from the eyes of an ordinary person.
● Birds in flight
This is probably a classic type of shooting of birds, emphasizing their nature of freedom and flight - something that has always attracted and attracted man, but only to birds was given initially. It is very important to swiftly look at the subject and keep it in the field of the frame, here the task for you will be greatly simplified by the sports technique of shooting with the “leading eye” when you follow the object with one eye (usually left) and look at the camera with the right eye. as smoothly as possible with respect to the line of sight. A short shutter speed will ensure the sharpness of the object and the absence of “shake” In this frame, I slightly covered the diaphragm, because the owl is quite large and I wanted her to fit as much as possible in the zone of sharpness. Exposure to 1/2000 allowed to shoot with a 600mm lens on a crop camera.
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Location: Moscow region
Type of bird: swamp owl
Camera: Nikon D200
Lens: AF-S NIKKOR 600mm f / 4G ED VR
Aperture: f / 5.6
Exposure: 1/2000
ISO: 400
● Action
Some birds, like black grouses in this frame, have interesting features of interaction, especially in the mating season. Sometimes these are dances, sometimes fights (as in this frame) - but all these behavioral features are united by 3 components: beauty, plot, dynamics - i.e.exactly what is so attractive to a wildlife photographer. The problem for the photographer here can be that, as a rule, such activity takes place at dawn. Therefore, we have to shoot a dynamic plot in conditions where there is still not enough light. Here you will come to the aid of high-aperture optics and fast camera, which allows you to take a serial shot at high frequency - 8 frames per second or higher. It is very important to try to fit objects of shooting in 70% of the frame or more to maintain good detail. First, in the frame, as a rule, several birds, and second, the shooting parameters, even on the most advanced technology, can be “borderline” (especially ISO). But there is one more consideration - if the subjects do not fit in the zone of sharpness - do not close the aperture, it is better to shoot from a slightly larger distance. Some cropping will give better results than a significant lengthening of exposure due to the closure of the aperture and setting high ISO values.
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Location: Moscow region
Type of bird: swamp owl
Camera: Nikon D300
Lens: AF-S NIKKOR 600mm f / 4G ED VR
Aperture: f / 4.5
Exposure time: 1/2500
ISO: 500
● action in difficult conditions
This frame is an example of when initially it was not possible to fulfill all the requirements I wrote about above. In general, shooting in the rainforest in most cases destroys all shooting stereotypes and forces to make non-standard decisions. The distance did not guarantee to remove objects as large as possible, and the light was critically low. It was also impossible to predict where the birds would sit next time and begin their short but impetuous ritual of mutual dance. In these conditions, a zoom lens is convenient, but the most important thing is to find the right balance between sensitivity and shutter speed. A relatively long shutter speed will not allow you to shoot moving objects abruptly, and a high sensitivity value (especially if shooting does not take place in the whole frame) will destroy the noise detailing. In such cases, I often follow the principle of “better fewer shots, but better ones”. I completely opened the diaphragm, set the sensitivity to only 800 units and, as a result, the shutter speed of 1 / 250s was enough for a few frames in the series to get and needed sharp and good in detail / color, despite the fact that the objects in the frame occupied no more than 50% from the frame area.
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Location: oh. Borneo
Bird Species: Yellow-backed Snipe Nectar
Camera: Nikon D3s
Lens: AF-S NIKKOR 200-400mm f / 4G ED VR II and Teleconverter TC-14E ​​II
Aperture: f / 5.6
Exposure: 1/250
ISO: 800
● Flash application
In general, the use of flash is undesirable for shooting animals due to the fact that it gives too contrast, or vice versa “flat” lighting. However, in some situations, careful use of the flash will remove what is practically impossible without it. One of these cases - shooting hummingbirds in flight in low light conditions. When I was preparing for this shooting, I wanted to get a sharp shot of the main object at the same time and, nevertheless, to somehow emphasize the incredible speed of the flapping of the wings with these small birds (up to 200 strokes per second!). At the same time, do not forget about the naturalness of the background. Since the shooting was carried out from just 4 meters away, I had to cover the diaphragm tightly to fit the whole bird in sharpness. I set the average ISO value so that the basic exposure, which was supposed to provide background work, was not too long. And the most interesting thing is the flash .. I set the flash correction to “-2EV” to smooth out the harsh lighting and used the “slow rear curtain sync” mode (SLOW REAR) - in this mode, the camera first exposes the frame to natural light and the very last moment ignites flash.This allows you to capture the last phase of the movement of a moving object, but at the same time save some effect of dynamics and work the background. The sweep of the wings of the bird was fixed by the estimated pre-flashes and the final main trigger of the flash.
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Location: North Peru
Bird Type: Chestnut Hummingbird
Camera: Nikon D500
Lens: AF-S NIKKOR 200-400mm f / 4G ED VR II
Aperture: f / 9
Exposure: 1/80
ISO: 1000
Flash: Nikon Speedlight SB-800 in slow sync mode, -2EV
● Wide-angle shooting
An interesting perspective effect and an unusual perspective can be obtained if you shoot birds not with traditional telephoto lenses, but with wide-angle. This creates the effect of "space", sometimes, artistically distorting the geometry of objects in the frame. Penguins, as a rule, are not very afraid of people, but only up to a certain limit — to photograph them from a distance of 40 cm — it was necessary to literally creep up on them. I closed the aperture to 10 to provide the greatest possible depth of field and make the photo more landscape than traditional animal painting. Then I had to podgadvat long, in which the birds are in a kind of "rhythmic" position relative to each other.The correction at -0.7EV allowed to protect the white plumage of the bird from possible strong overexposure.
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Location: Falkland Islands
Bird Species: Donkey Penguin
Camera: Nikon D300
Lens: AF-S NIKKOR 14-24mm f / 2.8G ED
Aperture: f / 10
Exposure time: 1/1000
ISO: 200
● Wide-angle shooting with remote control
It is not always possible to get so close to the bird, to photograph it with a wide-angle, or even fish. And if we want to do it even in flight, then only a specially organized platform and remote control will definitely help us.
I shot a lot of bullfinches in my life and once I wanted to make some really unusual frame of this bird. For this, I prepared a special “tabletop” feeder, into which I mounted a camera with a fisheye lens, directed almost vertically upwards. Crowns of trees create a sense of height and perspective, and a bird flying “above the camera” is similar to a free rower, only cutting through the air. Especially if we use a lens that slightly “extends” some proportions of objects in a frame. This is the idea of ​​this frame.
Since it is impossible to predict exactly where the birds will be in the frame in advance,and their movements are too rapid - I put the camera in manual focus mode and set the distance acceptable in terms of the size of the birds in the frame and the possible trajectory of their flight. Aperture 5.6 provided a balance between depth of field and shutter speed. Sensitivity in 1250 allowed to provide a low level of noise, even in such light conditions. The shutter was released using a radio remote control and a receiver connected to the camera.
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds.Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Location: Moscow region
Type of bird: Common Bullfinch
Camera: Nikon D700
Lens: AF FISHEYE NIKKOR 16mm f / 2.8D
Aperture: f / 5.6
Exposure time: 1/4000
ISO: 1250
● Hunting
If the mating season in birds is, as a rule, a very definite and limited period in a year, then the search for food never ends.
In my opinion, the most interesting thing to shoot "fishing", as the least bloodthirsty and quite aesthetically interesting story. I filmed South American herons from a regular paddle boat when a cormorant suddenly hunted near us. I asked my guide to approach as quickly as possible the bird, which could not immediately swallow a fairly long and tough fish and, therefore, literally juggled it. The swinging boat and the fast-moving process have significantly complicated shooting.Also, we could not, of course, swim very close to a rather fearful bird. However, I managed to switch the VR lens stabilization operation mode to “Active” to eliminate the “wiring” effect from the vertical movements of the boat, made an -1EV correction to shorten the shutter speed, in conditions where the illumination is good and in post-processing can be If anything, adjust the exposure without prejudice to the detail. I preferred this way of reducing the shutter speed and did not raise the ISO above 800 units in order to maintain the minimum level of noise in conditions where the plot of the frame is no more than 60%.
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Location: Peru
Type of bird: Cormorant
Camera: Nikon D700
Lens: AF-S NIKKOR 200-400mm f / 4G ED VR II and Teleconverter TC-14E ​​II
Aperture: f / 6.3
Exposure time: 1/4000
ISO: 800
● Shooting at dawn or dusk
It is not always interesting to get large images of birds that occupy all or almost the entire frame and pursue details. A good alternative is to create atmospheric shots that emphasize the bird’s habitat and convey a unique mood. I spent a few days in a row going very early in the morning to shoot cranes, trying to take a picture, when the morning mist had not yet cleared, and the sun had just appeared from the horizon.That day, we drove up to a flock of cranes, which was sitting surprisingly close to the road. But at the sight of us she nevertheless began to fly away rapidly. There was already a lot of light, and I deliberately set the minimum ISO value on the camera (200 units) in order to accurately convey the complexity of the tonal transitions of the multi-layer fog and the forest behind it, while emphasizing the silhouettes of these beautiful birds. Servo autofocus mode and shooting with little wiring made it possible to sharply remove a 600mm lens with a 1.4x converter installed at 1/640 shutter speed even without using a stabilizer.
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Location: Moscow region
Bird Type: Gray Crane
Camera: Nikon D700
Lens: AF-S NIKKOR 600mm f / 4G ED VR and Teleconverter TC-14E ​​II
Aperture: 6.3
Exposure time: 1/640
ISO: 200
● Extra Detail
People often ask me why I shoot with such a large lens (600 mm) - something like: “Well, you can shoot craters on the moon like this in full frame!”. Of course, this is not the case, and this lens is only 2 times closer than the standard 400mm lens. In general, about lenses with a focal length of 500mm and more often they say that “they are used when it is clear that they will not be enough.” And this is really true! But their creators made sure that even in so many harsh conditions they worked out themselves at 100%.The fact is that the detail that these lenses give out is incomparably higher than that of most standard lenses. And as in this frame - even with substantial cropping (100% crop is represented on the frame - a fragment of not more than 30% of the full frame) - the detailing is maintained at an excellent level.
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Location: Moscow region
Type of bird: Turukhtan
Camera: Nikon D300
Lens: AF-S NIKKOR 600mm f / 4G ED VR
Aperture: f / 9
Exposure: 1/1250
ISO: 400
● The role of the background when shooting an object close up
The traditional approach to shooting birds claims that the background should be uniform and blurred as much as possible in order to clearly emphasize the main subject. In this case, when shooting a chestnut-colored hummingbird, that was exactly what was done. The result - all the characteristics and the general image of the bird are clearly conveyed. However, sometimes it is no less interesting to form an “interaction” of the main subject and background, so that a small story is formed, or at least a shadow of the riddle in the frame. In the second photo - the whistling Indonesian thrush literally froze and is looking for something there in the thick of the rainforest - ferns, bushes and ancient trees, through which the rays of light, blurred in the frame by the lens, penetrate mysteriously ...Yes, the thrush does not look at the viewer, and even the head slightly went beyond the zone of sharpness, but the mystery is thus only intensifying - what attracted the attention of this bird there? What the viewer does not see in this frame (but it was there next to it!), And that the viewer can be imagined in this case by himself ... ”
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Location: North Peru
Bird Type: Chestnut Hummingbird
Camera: Nikon D500
Lens: AF-S NIKKOR 200-400mm f / 4G ED VR II
Aperture: f / 4
Exposure: 1/1250
ISO: 800
Flash: Nikon Speedlight SB-800 in slow sync mode, -2EV
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Location: oh. Java, Indonesia
Type of bird: Whistling Thrush.
Camera: Nikon D500
Lens: AF-S NIKKOR 200-400mm f / 4G ED VR II
Aperture: f / 4
Exposure: 1/40
ISO: 1600
Vlad Vladilenov:
“I became interested in photography when the first digital cameras appeared. And my first birds were taken in the country. The camera was good, but slow. But on the other hand, he taught me not to rush when shooting birds, to find a place to ambush “shoot” at idle to determine the settings, by focusing the camera lens on a specific point in advance. When it came, it seemed to me an experience, bought Nikon D70s, Nikon D200 and AF-S lenses ZOOM-NIKKOR 70-300mm f / 4.5-5.6G IF-ED, AF-S NIKKOR 24-85mm f / 3.5-4.5G ED VR. Why just two cameras. When there are no birds and in order not to waste time, one was charged for hunting insects - they do not need to be searched for a long time. They are everywhere and in large quantities.But these cameras have ceased to satisfy me for shooting. And as soon as the Nikon D610 came on sale, I purchased it along with a long-focus lens.
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Camera: Nikon D610
Aperture: f / 6.3
Exposure time: 1/640
ISO: 800
Focal length: 550 mm
MASTER NIKON.Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Camera: Nikon D610
Aperture: f / 10
Exposure time: 1/1000
ISO: 800
Focal length: 420 mm
● Shooting process
How to shoot birds, a lot has been written on the Internet. However, if we talk about technical details only, I usually try to use the priority of the aperture, and the automation selects the appropriate shutter speed and ISO. And in sunny weather I sometimes switch to manual mode.
Birds that live in the green corners of big cities are used to people, so it’s not difficult to get close enough to take photographs. Especially in winter. In order to take a beautiful picture of a bird with a beautiful background, I feed it in advance near a mountain ash or an apple tree, under the Christmas tree. The birds, taking food, do not fly away far away, immediately sit down on a branch where food is. It is necessary to know what kind of bird eats in the winter. Or wait near the finished feeders.
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Camera: Nikon D610
Aperture: f / 8
Exposure: 1/800
ISO: 800
Focal length: 600 mm
Try to make sure that the background of the image is not variegated and overloaded with unnecessary details.
It is quite another thing to hunt birds in spring, summer and autumn, which live in places where a person does not appear so often - in forests and fields, meadows. Here they are not allowed to get close to themselves. A bird in the forest can only be found by voice. And they sing only in the spring. In the summer, to the middle, the singing almost stops.
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Camera: Nikon D610
Aperture: f / 9
Exposure time: 1/1000
ISO: 800
Focal length: 600 mm
● Rules of Conduct
First of all, it should be said that when photographing birds, one should behave very carefully in the forest and be quiet. That's why when moving try not to make loud and sharp sounds. Look carefully at your feet, so as not to step on the dry branches, which under the weight of your body will break with a crunch. You do not need to rustle the leaves once again, making your way through the dense thickets of shrubs.
Birds always, according to my signs, live, nest, feed near the water. Far from the nest, they do not fly away. Dehydration threatens them with death, as well as starvation.
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Camera: Nikon D610
Aperture: f / 8
Exposure: 1/1250
ISO: 1000
Focal length: 600 mm
● How long have I been tracking?
Long. Sometimes the whole day will pass, you change the place of hunting and not one.The number of total bird populations in Russia is indeed decreasing. The main reason is the reduction of the natural habitat of birds. Pollination from ticks probably also leads to the destruction of other insects. And this is the main food of birds and their chicks. This year at the dacha did not see a single ladybug, grasshoppers. Currently, the situation with some species of songbirds, which nest in large numbers in our gardens and parks, is also bad.
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Camera: Nikon D610
Aperture: f / 8
Exposure: 1/800
ISO: 1000
Focal length: 600 mm
There are fewer nightingales, redstart, hemp (sometimes they just have nowhere to nest and eat). Chechetok, I have not seen for five years. All I dream is to photograph her. And once the tap dance was like sparrows. Now fashionable landscapes of forest parks rolled into asphalt and concrete, gathering foliage and falling boughs, “shaving” grass, pruning branches, sanitary felling of forest plantations and shrubs (the bird lives and nests where it is thick to hide from predators), processing ponds from larvae mosquitoes - all this leads to a dramatic change in the natural habitat of birds, to its impoverishment.
● Where to look?
Favorite places in spring and summer are meadows, fields and forests near the water. In winter, forest parks, where mountain ash, apple trees grow, viburnum, hawthorn, maple and ash. Bullfinches are very fond of the seeds of ash and maple. These are such "helicopter". Schnur and waxwing love to feast on frozen apples, rowan. If there are ice-free ponds and thick bushes next to where to hide from predators, then this is quite a paradise for all wintering birds.
In the spring it is birch and maple groves. All birds love to drink their juice.
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Camera: Nikon D610
Aperture: f / 6.3
Exposure time: 1/200
ISO: 640
Focal length: 600 mm
● Photo equipment
Mastery of photographing wild birds is a delicate and expensive business. A large role, from my point of view, has high-quality optics. A good, powerful telephoto lens, not lower than 300 mm for non-full-frame cameras can be several times more expensive than the camera itself. Truth and weigh this equipment will be very much. I have a backpack on my back, and there are two Nikon in it with charged lenses, one for macro photography, a landscape, and the other for photo hunting. Two compact speakers. Player recording birds. In the spring and summer there are still cans with the ointment of midges, mosquitoes and ticks. Not for ladies' shoulders.
They say that the camera is only a tool of the photographer, that it is not the camera that photographs, but the photographer. I think this is a controversial statement. An experienced photographer should have a suitable technique. Otherwise, what's the use of knowledge and experience, if you have a technique in your hands that, by definition, cannot make great photos. It's like a Formula 1 pilot performing on a budget car.
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds.Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Camera: Nikon D610
Aperture: f / 7.1
Exposure time: 1/400
ISO: 800
Focal length: 440 mm
● Favorite birds
Most of all I like to shoot nightingale in spring. During this period, they sing a lot, care for their girlfriend, create families, build nests, hatch nestlings. The nightingale sings most actively early in the morning (approximately until 7–8 in the morning) and especially in the evening hours (after 8 in the evening), although it is not uncommon to hear a song in the afternoon. That's where the hunter's excitement wakes up. Getting to it is hard. This bird that everyone has heard and few have seen. Lives in dense thickets near the water. Any rustle and he pauses and flies to another place. This is where the player helps with recording the nightingale. Hang a compact speaker on the right branch. You hide not far and wait. Nightingale begins to look for an opponent to invade his territory.
Or sit not far away and start singing. This is their duel.If the nightingale is not experienced, he knows little of the rings, then he flies closer and listens to new trills. So in the cells they taught young canaries to sing. And of course, my dear, photogenic long-tailed tit - a riot guard in the people. The bird is so rare and also lives in dense thickets near the water. An interesting and also rare beautiful bird is a hybrid of a white azure tree and an ordinary one. Remove rare birds, and some in the regional Red Books, a great success. But so lucky you have to work hard.
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Camera: Nikon D610
Aperture: f / 8
Exposure time: 1/640
ISO: 800
Focal length: 600 mm
● Lure
Since ancient times, hunters lured wild animals and birds with special wind instruments in which they blew and imitated a characteristic sound.
This is a decoy for ducks, geese. It's easier now. You can record the sounds of birds on the player. But, first, you need to study them on the spot. The sounds of birds are warning, disturbing, it can be a danger signal. Include such a song of danger and all the birds scatter. Spring songs are different from summer and winter. Winter birds are unlikely to attract the spring song. But the short wee wee attracts. In their language, it can mean - "fly here, I found a lot of food."
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Camera: Nikon D610
Aperture: f / 6.3
Exposure time: 1/400
ISO: 640
Focal length: 600 mm
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Camera: Nikon D610
Aperture: f / 8
Exposure: 1/2000
ISO: 800
Focal length: 600 mm
● Advice to novice photographers
Photohunting is a sport, gambling and adrenaline. Be patient and persistent.
During the hunt, in order not to frighten the bird or animal, you need to remove all the shiny things (watches, pendants, earrings, glasses). I even seal the top display of the camera so that it does not give glare. Thoroughly study the habits of birds, their habitats, lifestyle. It will be easier to navigate the terrain. And do not forget about your safety. In the wild there are many dangerous, running, jumping, crawling, flying and biting animals and insects. Even stray dogs can attack. Outside the city they have their own territory. They often go out into the field, hunt the birds, ruin their nests. When shooting birds do not use flash in the forehead. I saw it myself as a tit, after a bright flash, temporarily blinded, sat still for about two minutes. Take it in your hands though.
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Camera: Nikon D610
Aperture: f / 14
Exposure time: 1/500
ISO: 800
Focal length: 600 mm
And, of course, you should be careful. Even under your feet you can find an interesting story. ”
Mikhail Kalinin:
“I was fascinated by photography as a rifle hunter.I took a camera to hunt and at some point I realized that I didn’t want to shoot a gun anymore ... I was very fascinated by the birds, and I concentrated on them! I learned many new species, their habits, habitat ... I often take pictures in the city, parks, in the spring I visit the capercaillie and grouse currents. In photography I appreciate the action, the dynamics and the good light.
● Time
Try to photograph in regime mode when the light is soft, gentle and beautiful. And the birds themselves are most active in the morning and in the evening. Do not be lazy to get up early.
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Camera: Nikon D800
Lens: AF-S NIKKOR 300mm f / 2.8G ED VR II
Aperture: f / 2.8
Exposure time: 1/500
ISO: 200
Focal length: 300 mm
● Accents on the details
Try to remove the object so as to highlight its feature (as in this photo). For example: the current grouse in spring has beautiful, juicy, swollen eyebrows. The picture, which focuses on this bright detail, turned out to be unusual, contrasting, eye-catching. D + 300 2.8+ Isomm f 1 |
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Camera: Nikon D4s
Lens: AF-S NIKKOR 300mm f / 2.8G ED VR II and 1.4TC Teleconverter
Aperture: f / 4.5
Exposure: 1/800
ISO: 100
Focal length: 420 mm
● moment
Try to capture the most interesting and rare moments of the life of birds. Sometimes, to wait for this moment, you need to have a lot of patience, endurance.It is also just necessary to study the subject, its habits, habitats in order to be with the camera in the right place at the right time :) This photo shows a hawk - a Goshawk catching a blue dove in flight. To wait for such a scene, I spent about four months in the heat and cold, rain and wind.
MASTER NIKON.Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Camera: Nikon D3s
Lens: AF-S NIKKOR 300mm f / 2.8G ED VR II
Aperture: f / 2.8
Exposure: 1/1250
ISO: 1600
Focal length: 300 mm
● Action
Take pictures of birds in motion. For this purpose, both long exposures from 1/30 to 1/100 are perfect, and shorter ones up to 1/1250 seconds - where the bird itself turns out rather sharply, and the tips of the wings are blurred. I don’t really like shorter exposures, because the bird turns out to be “frozen” and the speaker disappears from the frame.
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Camera: Nikon D4s
Lens: AF-S NIKKOR 300mm f / 2.8G ED VR II and 1.4TC Teleconverter
Aperture: f / 4
Exposure: 1/320
ISO: 2500
Focal length: 420 mm
● Backlight
Favorite light of many photographers, including mine. Shooting in backlight beautifully emphasizes the silhouette of a bird, fills a photo with a beautiful, artistic light. The photo turns out juicy, warm, "tasty." And if you take a photo in backlight, and even in motion on long exposures, you can get an incredibly dynamic, creative shot with transparent flying splashes, illuminated feathers and other details ... ”
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Camera: Nikon D3s
Lens: AF-S NIKKOR 300mm f / 2.8G ED VR II
Aperture: f / 9
Exposure time: 1/100
ISO: 200
Focal length: 300 mm
MASTER NIKON. Shooting birds. Part 2 Nikon, Aperture, Exposure, Camera, to, birds, shooting, distance, Focal, NIKKOR, Lens, frame, Location, when, many, only, frame, take, you can, shoot

Camera: Nikon D4s
Lens: AF-S NIKKOR 300mm f / 2.8G ED VR II and 1.4TC Teleconverter
Aperture: f / 4
Exposure time: 1/500
ISO: 1250
Focal length: 420 mm
магистратура nikon. съемка птиц. часть 2 nikon, диафрагма, выдержка, камера, чтобы, птицы, съемки, расстояние, фокусное, nikkor, объектив, кадре, место, когда, много, только, кадра, снять, можно, снимать

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