Majors flowers: growing zinnia at home from seed and caring for a plant
Flowers majors - this name is popularly received by motley zinnias common in flower beds of summer residents and flower lovers. Many believe that these plants are not too whimsical in the care. But such an opinion is wrong. If you need a truly beautiful flowerbed or alley dotted with majors, you should definitely get acquainted with the rules of cultivation.
Conditions and subtleties of growing majors
Flowers are light-loving and respond well to heat. Although it is believed that this plant is too tender. After all, it can suffer even from light frosts. Gardeners do not cease to admire the beauty of zinnia, cultivating the culture in their summer cottages.
Major flowers are planted in well-lit flower beds, away from the shade of large trees and multi-tiered compositions. Such plants are better protected from drafts.The choice of soil mixture is important when planting seeds and seedlings.
In the dry pore zinnia shallow, the flowers dry up at the edges, and the flowering period is shortened. To prolong this period, dried leaves and buds are necessarily removed.
Fertilizer and soil for majors
Full abundant flowering can be achieved with the cultivation of plants on fertile, saturated with complex fertilizers and humus, soil with an optimum pH level. Best suited sod land. Sometimes it is mixed with leaf soil and peat is added. The soil should be drained and well pass moisture. Flowers majors critically respond to insufficient moisture. Therefore, it is required to organize a systematic watering of the flower beds, where such plants are planted.
With regard to fertilizing, it will be enough 4 approaches in fertilizing plants. Both mineral and organic complexes will be suitable, which must be made with the following frequency:
- before sowing seeds or planting seedlings, rotted compost or humus is introduced into the soil;
- before flowering majors;
- during the formation of buds;
- during flowering.
According to experienced gardeners, before dressing you should sprinkle the earth with a portion of wood ash.
Organization of a watering system of flowers
Major flowers are resistant to drought. Therefore, they can often be seen in city beds, along alleys and avenues, where the organization of watering is tense. By providing zinnias with enough water throughout the entire life cycle, you will get plants with bright and lush flowering. Although watering should be careful. If water droplets fall on the flower basket, its petals will start to dry out, and the appearance of the plant will seem untidy.
Do not forget about loosening the soil. This is important, especially after rain and watering the soil. So you will provide free access of oxygen to the root color system. This will allow the plant to develop fully and be more resistant to the formation of fungal infections.
By external signs, the soreness of the plants can be determined by the white-greyish bloom that has appeared on the leaves.
Zinnias are also prone to powdery mildew, root rot, Fusarium. Do not neglect majors and small pests: snails, spider mites, aphids, slugs, May beetles.
Reproduction and planting zinnia
Majors flowers reproduce, the photos of which are presented above, exclusively by seeds. For planting is used mainly seedlings. But you can sow in open ground and seeds.
Laying planting material on seedlings begins in March, the deadline is the beginning of April.
Majors are planted in flowerbeds, as well as in pots for growing on the window by means of direct sowing with the onset of the May heat. Although in this scenario, the flowering period begins a little later.
Preparation of planting material
To achieve the highest germination of seeds, before sowing, they are pretreated. After 5-7 days, the first shoots of major flowers appear. Planting in the open ground is carried out, only making sure that the threat of frost has passed and the flowers will not hurt anything. Often this period begins in late May - early June.
Important! Gardeners say that planting seedlings is safer.
Zinnias do not react well to cold. Therefore, seeds are sown in the ground after the spring frosts have passed. It is advisable to use purchased planting material. Majors - flowers, the cultivation of which takes place at home, are not always large and full. Often they are empty.
Before sowing the seeds, the bed is carefully prepared: fertilize, dig, loosen the soil. Grooves are made along the entire length of the bed, about 3 cm deep, watered abundantly and planted evenly. After germination, the seedlings are thinned, leaving intervals of about 25-30 cm between neighboring plants.
If you decide to plant already grown seedlings on the bed, then take into account the fact that the transplant is not well tolerated. Here it is important to preserve the integrity of a clod of earth wrapping around the root system of a young plant.
In the event of the threat of reverse frosts, planting protects, covering. When the seedlings get stronger, it is desirable to pinch it, so the plant will become bushier and more magnificent.
Experts recommend spraying flowers with a solution of "Zircon" in a ratio of 2 drops to 1 liter of water at a frequency of 1 every 3 days when the summer is too dry. This will give the plant the power to move the summer heat.
Flowers majors, planting and caring for which do not differ in complexity, are excellent for decorating both urban avenues and personal plots. They are well developed in street vases.They are good in cutting, so bouquets combined from such flowers delight the eye for a long time.