M. Lermontov, "Clouds": analysis of the work
Many works of M. Yu. Lermontov devoted such an important topic as homeland. Poets of all times glorified victories over their enemies in their works, admired the beauty of their native spaces. Lermontov continued to develop the ideas that had already been laid by Pushkin and Radishchev. His poem "Clouds" is permeated with sadness, despair, awareness of the upcoming longing with his native lands.
History of creation
The analysis of Lermontov's "Touches" can be started from the fact that the poem was written on the eve of the poet's reference to the Caucasus in 1840. It was written in the late period of the poet's work. Lermontov created him in the apartment near the Karamzins, where friends had just gathered to say goodbye to the poet. V. A. Sollogub testifies that Mikhail Yuryevich composed his work by standing at the window and looking at the clouds floating above the Neva River.
In the Caucasus, while there was military action. The king appointed the poet to the regiment, which then suffered heavy losses. Lermontov understood that he was going to die.At this time, the fame of him has spread throughout the country. The poet wanted to resign, to devote all the time literary work. However, his plans did not come true.
Alienation lyrical hero
In this work, when the poet sought to find ways to overcome the alienation that prevails between the individual and the surrounding world, the themes of loneliness, infinite freedom, reflected in him. And the poet portrays in his work a lyrical hero who is forced to be an exile - this is not his free choice. Among those reasons that may force him to leave his native land, the poet lists various human vices. It is envy, malice, slander - and not from enemies, but from friends.
In the analysis of "Clouds" Lermontov should be told in detail about the composition of the work. In the first stanza the poet addresses the clouds. His words are full of sadness, Lermontov sees in them the same wanderer, which he himself is. They have no home and homeland, all the time of their existence, they travel across the expanses of heaven. The sky of Lermontov calls "the azure steppe", because it is just as endless, as if it reflects the steppe expanses.
Lermontov's analysis of “Tuch” continues with the consideration of the second stanza. Here the poet is trying to understand what exactly makes the clouds sweep across the expanses of the sky. He illuminates his guesses with rhetorical questions. In the final stanza, the lyrical hero denies his resemblance to the clouds. After all, they have no homeland, which means that they have nothing to lose. It is no coincidence that the poet also uses the word "alien."
By this he emphasizes that he is different from the clouds - they have a different path. They are not at all exiles like himself. Only one who experiences love for the Fatherland can survive the pain of separation from him as the poet experienced. Thus, it can be argued that the whole work is built on the reception of antithesis. The wanderings of free clouds across the sky are contrasted with the exile of the lyrical hero.
In the poem, the poet uses the method of metaphor - it can also be mentioned in the analysis of "Litchess" by Lermontov. "Heavenly wanderers," who resemble pearls in color, are swimming one after the other. So the poet seeks to emphasize the unity of man and nature. He denotes the clouds with the word "exiles", as if comparing their path with his.The poet also writes that these wanderers are “alien to suffering,” they are “bored with the fields.” These expressions are also metaphoric.
It is necessary to tell about artistic means even if you need an analysis of Lermontov's “Clouds” poem briefly. Grade 6 is the time when schoolchildren are already familiar with many of the literary methods used by poets and writers. In his work Lermontov uses the method of comparison. It is created using the word "how." The meaning of this technique is that the poet cannot find a shelter anywhere. But at the same time, the lyrical hero feels that feeling that the clouds cannot sense - he suffers, he is tormented by a feeling of bitterness from someone else’s slander and envy. Used by the poet and the rhetorical question. The reader will find it in the second stanza of the work. There are no clear answers to the questions voiced by the poet.
Epithets, size, rhyme
Analysis of the lyric work of Lermontov "Clouds" will continue the consideration of epithets. Here are examples: "secret envy," "steppe azure," "pearl chain." Also used the method of impersonation: "clouds - wanderers."The poem is written in dactyl, trisyllabic foot. The stress is on the first syllable. The poet used in the work of cross-rhyme. It should be noted that the poem is distinguished by the richness of rhymes - "pearl - southern", "fruitless - free."
Philosophy hidden in the poem
The work has a philosophical subtext. It lies in the fact that man is infinitely disunited with nature. And this idea is manifested in the opposition of free clouds and a poet dependent on the will of the authorities. The indifference and coldness of the “heavenly wanderers” is not similar to the fieryness of feelings that are experienced by the lyrical hero.
Comparative analysis of the poems "Clouds" by Pushkin and Lermontov
In the works of Pushkin and Lermontov, one can find many reflections on the topic of what place poetry should take in the life of society. However, analyzing the poems of the same name by these two poets, it can be argued that they possessed a different vision of the world. This is due to the fact that M. Yu. Lermontov lived in an era of falling role of the poet in society.
Usually the period when students are asked to analyze the verse “Clouds” of Lermontov at home is the 6th grade.Sometimes it is necessary to turn to the work of other poets in order to compare with them the work of Lermontov. There is no hope in his poem, it is full of gloomy forebodings. The clouds with which he compares himself at the beginning of the work are “exiles” from his native places. As for the poem by A. S. Pushkin, it is filled with light and optimism. There is only one cloud in his work - which means that she cannot deprive him of his joyful mood.
The lyric hero of the great Russian poet looks into the future with a smile, and this vitality is not able to shake the cloud. After the storm, life is reborn again. The poem is filled with dynamics and cheerfulness from its very beginning. Unlike Lermontov's work, Pushkin's “Clouds” are written by four-amphibrach. It also gives the work a calm intonation.