Life expectancy of a mountain ash, places of growth, use in medicine and design
Everyone watched as the clusters of mountain ash were burning with lights in the fall. After all, it is impossible to pass by a tree of extraordinary beauty. Her picturesque carved leaves fascinate her eyes. In the spring, mountain ash smells fragrant white flowers and attracts bees. In the autumn, she surprises with coral beads of berries. In winter, bright clusters hide under white snow caps. This tree surprises with its decorative throughout the year. There are many species and varieties of mountain ash. Longevity, growing conditions, its application - all this interests many gardeners. Well, we suggest you observe this long-lived. The life of mountain ash in nature can reach 300 years.
Basic information and tree description
Life expectancy of mountain ash, its characteristics are interesting to many readers. And this is not in vain, because it is a floral symbol of Russia.Rowan ordinary attributed to the family Rosaceae. This is due to the appearance of the leaves of this plant. Each leaf is complex, pinnate. Such leaves are inherent in all rose flowers. Trees can reach a height of 10-20 m. Sometimes it can be a shrub of several trunks. The plant has a delicate round crown. The mountain ash has a smooth light gray-brown or yellow-gray shiny bark.
A tree blooms in May-June with numerous five-membered flowers in the form of thick thyroid inflorescences, whose diameter reaches 10 cm. During flowering, mountain ash produces an odd smell that is associated with the release of trimethylamine gas.
In late September, fruits ripen on the tree and the leaves become golden and red tones. The berries are very juicy, have a spherical shape, keep well on the branches and can remain on the branches throughout the winter. The fruit taste is tart, bitter-sour. The plant begins to bear fruit in the 4-5th year after planting.
Distribution and habitat
In Latin, the mountain ash sounds like a Sorbus aucuparia, which means "to catch birds." Rowan berries are very attractive to birds and are used as bait for their fishing.
Life expectancy of mountain ash depends on the place of growth.The area of its distribution is considered to be European territory, Caucasian open spaces and Front Asia. Sometimes a tree can be found near the Far North. Favorite habitats - forests, thickets, high sandy and rocky banks of rivers.
Life expectancy of mountain ash in Russia
And where are these trees in Russia? They flooded the entire forest and forest-steppe zone of the European part of the country. In the mountains of the North Caucasus and the Urals, they rise up to the boundary of the green cover. There they are already turning into shrubs. Most plants fit a temperate climate.
Most often there are single copies of mountain ash, continuous thickets are hard to find. In Russia, it grows in the underbrush, in the second tier of deciduous, coniferous or mixed forests. Often it can be found on the edge of the forest or in a clearing. The plant is considered winter-hardy and shade-tolerant. The life span of a mountain ash tree in our country can vary from 80 to 200 years.
Rowan belongs to cold-resistant plants. She likes open, well-lit terrain, although she tolerates partial shade. The tree is adapted to strong winds, therefore it is well acclimatized in open spaces.
Any soils are suitable for mountain ash, they feel great in light, slightly acidic, humus-rich and good water permeability soils. To ensure soil moisture for mountain ash, it is not only watered, but also generously mulched. This is done using garden compost, leaf humus, bark, wood chips, shavings.
The tree is sometimes desirable to prune and shape the crown. To do this, at the beginning of the season, broken or damaged branches are removed. Some species of mountain ash are propagated in the fall with seeds, others in summer with green cuttings or grafting of a sleeping kidney. New plant varieties are derived by grafting in the cold period on the basis of mountain ash. It should be noted that the plant withstands temperatures down to -50 ° C, resistant to pests and diseases.
The use of rowan in the design of the garden
It is important for gardeners to remember that mountain ash is valued not only by flowers and fruits. This beautiful tree can be a complement to modern landscape design. Looks great combination of mountain ash with a pine or spruce. The background for her can be a willow, ash. Better yet, plant spirea, barberry or other shrubs nearby. Looks great single rowan in open space. For the garden, the weeping shape of the tree is especially appreciated. Rowan can serve as a decoration of arches, benches, gates.
Use of fruits
Folk healers have always valued mountain ash as the main plant-healer. Russian people have always read this plant. In Russia, it was decided to carry a sick person under mountain ash, so that her spirit would take the disease. Previously, fruit was made from bitter jam to calm the nervous system. The bark of the tree is used to treat the liver.
Our ancestors boiled ripe berries, covered them with sugar, poured them with honey and dried them. Especially prized berries, which already picked up the frost. Of them made a special paste, rubbing with powdered sugar. From kidney stones and gallbladder, a special porridge of rowan berries was cooked.
The fruits of mountain ash - a multivitamin remedy, it has a lot of vitamin fees. It is an excellent astringent, laxative, diuretic, choleretic, hemostatic, and estrogenic. Rowan ordinary extract is part of many pharmaceutical multivitamins, drugs to increase immunity, reduce cholesterol and blood pressure.