Igor Severyanin: biography and creativity, interesting facts from the life of the poet
Every intellectual who often discovers something new will, sooner or later, want to read the poems of the Silver Age poets who have tried to bring something new, living, natural and new into the standard and disciplined Soviet life. Each of them in his own way wanted to change this world, open the window and let in a fresh wind of inspiration. Give confidence in affairs, in feelings, relationships, etc.
One of these representatives is Igor Severyanin (his biography will be presented below). He needed to work a lot before becoming “Russian intellectual baggage,” as educator Dmitry Bykov spoke about him. The avant-gardists who came after the Golden Age began to boldly call for “throwing the modernity of Pushkin and Dostoevsky off the steamer,” and with them various literary movements and groupings.The works of the Silver Age really excite the minds, as they mainly relate to sensitive issues of love lyrics.
Many still quote favorite and popular lines from the poems of Pasternak, Mayakovsky, Akhmatova, Blok, Maldenstam, Tsvetaeva, etc. These include Igor Severyanin. In his biography there are not random, very important and crucial moments, which will be discussed further. This is a true master pen. It was very popular not only among adults, but also among young people. However, from constantly criticizing his articles, you can make a whole volume. But be that as it may, in his speeches he gathered a huge crowd of grateful listeners. Famous for his poems are "Pineapples in Champagne", "I am a genius", "It was at the sea", etc.
Igor Severyanin. Biography (briefly and most important about the family and childhood of the poet)
It is impossible to clearly relate to his literary heritage. In his brief biography, the most important thing is that he worked and published exclusively under a pseudonym. His real name was Lotharev. He was born in St. Petersburg on May 4, 1887. With the whole family, they lived on Gorokhovaya Street at number 66,which was the central fashionable highway of the Northern capital. Igor was brought up in a cultural and very wealthy family.
His father was Vasily Petrovich Lotarev - a tradesman who had reached the highest rank - the captain of the railway battalion. Mother, Natalya Stepanovna Lotareva, was a distant relative of Athanasia Feta. She came from the noble family of the Shenshins.
In 1896, Igor's parents divorced and decided to go each his own way. What caused their divorce, remains unknown.
As a boy, he began to live on the estate of his father’s relatives who lived in the Cherepovets district in the village of Vladimirovka, where his father went to live after his resignation and divorce. And then Vasily Petrovich went to the city of Dalniy in Manchuria, accepting the position of a commercial agent.
In Cherepovets, Igor was able to graduate from only four classes of the school, and then, when he was 16 years old, he moved to his father (in 1904). He certainly wanted to see this wonderful land with his own eyes. He was inspired by the beautiful and harsh nature of the Far Eastern region, so he later took the pseudonym of Northerner, in imitation of Mamin-Sibiryak.But in the same year before the Russo-Japanese War, his father died, and Igor was sent back to his mother in St. Petersburg.
First successes in poetry
Since childhood, Igor Vasilievich has shown his remarkable literary talent. He began writing his first poems at the age of 7-8. In early youth, he was inspired by Zhenya Gutsan, and therefore his poems were lyrical. Then the war began, and a military-patriotic note began to appear in his works. Since 1904, his poems begin to print in periodicals. This was influenced by his favorite writer Alexey Konstantinovich Tolstoy. Igor most wanted to get a response from the editors, but the poems didn’t cause much enthusiasm for the readers, so they returned his works back to him.
Noting the most important thing in the biography of Igor Severyanin, it is impossible not to say that he began to be printed under the pseudonyms “Graf Evgraf d’Axangraf”, “Eagle”, “Mimosa”. Around the same time, he takes the final pseudonym Igor Severyanin. In 1905, he published his poem "The Death of Rurik."
In 1907, the poet met with Konstantin Fofanov, who first appreciated the talent of the young writer and became his mentor.
In 1909, a poetic circle was formed, and thanks to Igor Severyanin. By 1911, a whole creative union of egofuturists had appeared. It was a new trend, which was characterized by refined sensations, neologisms, self-love and the cult of personality. All this they tried to parade. But the founder of this new literary movement soon left him, found himself in the Symbolist circles and began to speak solo.
The appearance in the Russian poetry of such a master of the pen as Northerner, welcomed Bryusov. And from that moment came 35 poetry collections of the poet Northerner. One of his manuscripts "Habanera II", thanks to the writer Ivan Najivinu, fell into the hands of Leo Tolstoy himself, who mercilessly, in tatters and criticized postmodernist Northerner. But this fact did not break, but on the contrary, propiaril his name, albeit “in black”. He became famous.
King of poets
Magazines, which found a sensation in this, began to willingly print his works. In 1913, his famous compilation came out, which brought him fame - “The loud cup”. Northerner began to travel with his performances throughout the country and collected a full house. The poet had a great performing gift.Boris Pasternak said about him that in the pop recitations of poems he could only compete with the poet Mayakovsky.
He took part in 48 national poetic concerts and gave 87 personally. Participating in a poetry contest in Moscow, he received the title of "King of Poets". By points, he beat his main rival, Vladimir Mayakovsky. A huge number of fans gathered in the spacious audience of the Polytechnic Institute, where poets read their works. It was hot in conversations, there were even fights between the fans.
In personal life, Igor Severianin was not very lucky. One can add to his biography that from his youth he loved his cousin Lisa Lotareva, who was 5 years older than him. They spent their summer together in Cherepovets, played and talked a lot. But then Elizabeth was married. Igor was beside himself with grief and even nearly lost consciousness at the wedding ceremony in the church.
When he was 18 years old, he met Zhenya Gutsan. She was just driving him crazy. He called her Zlata (because of her golden hair) and gave her poetry every day. They were not destined to become a married couple, but this relationship gave birth to a daughter, Tamara, whom the poet saw only 16 years later.
Then he will have many fleeting novels, as well as common-law wives.With one of them, the aforementioned Maria Volna, mentioned as a singer of gypsy romances, he had a long relationship. In 1912, the poet liked the Estonian city of Toila, which he once visited. In 1918, he transports his sick mother there, and his wife Maria Volneanskaya arrives next. At first they lived there on her fees. However, in 1921 their family fell apart.
The only and official
However, he soon married Lutheran Felissa Kruut, who accepted the Orthodox faith for his sake. She gave birth to a son of Bacchus to Igor, but she did not tolerate him for a long time and in 1935 threw him out of the house.
Northerner constantly cheated on her, and Felissa knew about it. Each of his tour ended with a new passion of the poet.
His last woman was a school teacher, Vera Borisovna Korendi, who bore him a daughter, Valeria. Later, she admitted that she wrote it under a different name and patronymic, calling in honor of Bryusov.
In 1940, they moved to the city of Paide, where Corendi began working as a teacher. Northerner's health condition has deteriorated. Soon they moved to Tallinn. He died of a heart attack in 1941 on December 20th.The funeral procession was modest, the poet was buried in the Alexander Nevsky cemetery.
That such a restless and loving poet was Igor Severyanin. On his grave, and still there are prophetic words written by him during his lifetime: "How good, how fresh the roses will be, My country is thrown into the coffin to me!"
The most famous works of the poet were “The Loud Cup” (1913), “Zlatolir” (1914), “Pineapples in Champagne” (1915), “The Collection of Poets” (1915-1918), “Over the String Fence lira "(1918)," Vervain "(1920)," Minstrel. Newest Poems ”(1921),“ Mirreliya ”(1922),“ The Nightingale ”(1923),“ The Dew of the Orange Hour ”(poem in 3 parts, 1925),“ Classical Roses ”(1922- 1930), “Adriatic. Lyrics "(1932)," Medallions "(1934)," Royal Leander (Lugne) "(1935).
Igor Severyanin, like many other poets, left his indelible mark on poetry. The biography and creativity of the poet are studied by those who understand that the creators of the Silver Age, like the Golden one, drew their inspiration from love for a friend, a woman and the Motherland. Patriotism was not alien to them. They were not indifferent to the events around them, displaying everything in their poems. Sensitivity and vulnerability predetermined their character, otherwise it is difficult to be a good poet.
Of course, the work and biography of Igor Severyanin, briefly described in this article, many may not give a full understanding of his true talent, so his works are better read by yourself, because they also contain echoes of his difficult life, and manifestations of amazing poetic gift.