Ichthyol ointment: indications and features of use
Description and pharmacological action of the drug
Ichthyol ointment is an antiseptic drug that has a local anesthetic, anti-inflammatory and keratoplastic effect. Means is intended only for external use and possesses a characteristic smell of tar and black or dark brown color. Ichthyol ointment is indispensable for a variety of purulent processes, dermatological problems, burns, frostbite, all sorts of skin rashes and gynecological diseases.
Composition and form of ointment
One hundred grams of the drug contains ten grams of pure ichthyol, a product obtained from the distillation of resinous rocks of mountain origin, and ninety grams of medical vaseline, which acts as an auxiliary component. Ichthyol ointment is produced, as a rule, in dark glass jars of different volume.
Indications for use ointment
The main indications for prescribing this drug are, as a rule, the treatment of various skin diseases, such as eczema or furunculosis, the treatment of frostbite and burns, gynecological infections, such as mastitis or diseases of the uterine lining, and joint inflammation. In addition, ichthyol ointment, instructions for use which describes in detail the features of its impact, perfectly helps from acne and relieves boils, quickly removing pain and relieving general condition. It is also very effective drug for the treatment of prostatitis, metritis, salpingitis and various inflammatory infections of the rectum.
Instructions for use of the drug
In gynecology, ichthyol ointment is most often used in the form of tampons, previously moistened in a mixture of ichthyol and glycerin. Also, this drug can be combined with ordinary camphor oil. Such a tampon is introduced for a fairly long time - from twelve to twenty-four hours, and they are used for no more than ten consecutive days.In the treatment of boils and other skin diseases, this antiseptic agent has a local irritating effect, providing more intensive tissue regeneration, improving blood supply and reducing pain.To enhance the effect, the ointment is applied daily to the affected areas once or twice a day. If necessary, a special gauze bandage may also be applied.
Contraindications to the use of the drug and adverse reactions
It is not recommended to use ichthyol ointment during pregnancy and hypersensitivity to substances in its composition. During breastfeeding, you should also not use this drug, because it tends to be absorbed into the blood in small amounts, and this, in turn, can cause poisoning of the child. Possible adverse reactions are associated with the appearance of local or general allergies, which result from a high sensitivity to the active component of the ointment.