How to play backgammon?

To understand the main purpose of the game of backgammon, you needget acquainted with the playing field. It has a rectangular shape and is divided into two parts. On each of them - 12 points, there are 24 of them. They are triangles stretched from the edges to the middle of the board, and have their own numbers - for each player their own - from 1 to 24.

Field for backgammon

To play backgammon, you need to realize that whatfor one side it will be number 24, for another it will be a unit, and vice versa. This applies to all items. Each player has 15 single-colored checkers, his task is to go through them on the board full circle, leaving the "home" and, returning to him back, withdraw the checkers from the field. "House" is six consecutive points in one of the corners of the field, the initial position of the two rivals. In the game, a large role is given to randomness, since both sides use a pair of game bones. There are many different kinds of backgammon, but only two of them have received world recognition, namely long and short ones. For both kinds of rules, how to play backgammon varies.

How to make a move

In either case, the right of the first move is determinedby throwing one dice. That of the participants, who scored the most points, starts the game first, and then they go already in the order of the queue. How many points need to move the checker, is determined by the number of points dropped on two bones. Opponents move their figures to each other in the meeting, from 1 to 24 points. In short backgammon it is allowed not only to place checkers on unoccupied points, but also to knock out single standing figures of the opponent, and in long ones - no. Put the figure on the point or knock out the opponent's checker can not, if the position is at once several of its shapes. It is permissible to shoot only one piece and only from the head in one turn. It helps to learn how to play backgammon video, laid out in free access on the network: you can learn about the rules of the game in a clear example.

When a player moves one shape, it is required thatat least one of the intermediate points between its former location and the new one was free. The downed checker is placed in the "bar" - on the line passing through the center of the board. Before moving the pieces, it is necessary to return all the knocked out pieces back to the field, and place them in the "house" of the competitor in accordance with the points dropped on the bones. At this time it is allowed to beat out the figures of the opponent.

Winning Backgammon

Anyone who knows how to correctly play backgammon knows,that he who removes all his checkers from the board, having previously brought them into a strange "house", and becomes the winner. Throwing out figures is allowed only when they are all in the "house." If at the time of their throwing out an opponent knocked out of the field, at least one figure, it must be returned to the "house". Until this happens, you can not remove the pieces, but the player can move the pieces inside the "home".

As mentioned, great importance in backgammonis given to the dice. So, the number of points, which are required to move the figure during the first move, is determined by the points dropped immediately on both bones during the toss-up. To learn how to play backgammon, you need to understand that during the game your opponents take turns throwing dice, and go to the number of points equal to the points that fell on the bones. Possible "kush" or "double" - on both ejected cubes fell the same number. Then the points are doubled, and the player gets the right to move 4 pieces at a time per turn. If the number dropped is greater than the distance from the far figure to the edge of the board, and all the pieces are in the "house", the most distant checker is removed from the field. In a situation where during the course of the move there is only one variant of movement, it is permissible to move the figure to more points than the points scored. If there are several alternative moves, it is better to choose one for which you need to spend two bones, rather than one. When you can not move the checkers at all, you have to skip the move.

What is the difference between long and short backgammon?

The rules of playing backgammon are different fromthe above-mentioned only because it is forbidden to knock out enemy figures. In addition, the "house" of whites is points numbered 13 and 18, and the "blacks" are 1 and 6. Also the difference is that in the long backgammon, both players move the figures counter-clockwise, that is, not meeting one another, but one after another. One of the rules says that in front of the opponent's checkers, in no case should an impenetrable barrier be built. To remove checkers from a board it is permissible on dropped out points: the figure is deduced from that field, whose number corresponds to the number of points scored. In short backgammon, the starting position is more difficult. "House" of the player and "yard" of the player - positions 6 and 1, 12 and 7 respectively, the "house" and "yard" of the enemy - 19 and 24, 13 and 18. Before playing backgammon short, you need to arrange the pieces in the correct order: two - at positions 1 and 2, and four - on 12 and 19, and three - on paragraph 17. The same, given the reverse numbering, concerns and the opponent.

In addition to long and short, there are othersa variety of backgammon, among which are short Caucasian. Their rules are no different from those adopted, but the opponent's pieces can not be knocked down in his "house". When a game is played with bets, its terms are negotiated in a separate order between the parties. Sometimes the so-called "doubling cube" is used, which helps to keep track of the growth rates. In addition, during the "double" the rates are doubled. If desired, you can specify the maximum number of "doubles" per party with the opponent.

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