How to get rid of aphids on plants? Several effective ways
The fight against aphids, which is one of the most malicious pests of green plantings, is familiar to most of the owners of summer cottages.
For some, it turns into the need to get rid of aphids on roses, someone suffers from it fruit trees and shrubs, chrysanthemums. The black variety of this pest affects garden cornflowers and legumes, cotton is found on cucumbers and melons.
Among the plants susceptible to this destroyer are stone fruit, including plum, red clover, borage, and many others.
Zones of settling crawling and flying aphids on plants: stems and roots, leaves.
Description of the dangers of this disease on plants
This pest bears the greatest harm to young plants, from which, in fact, the exhaustion of cell sap occurs.
Aphids on roses and trees is also dangerous because it causes the release of poison.It leads to twisting, deformation and death of the leaves, a stop in the growth of shoots, curvature of the tops.
If you do not get rid of black aphids on roses and other plants, then the sugar-containing secretions hopelessly contaminate the leaf surface and disrupt the functioning of a previously healthy organism.
Neglect of the problem at the first stages of its occurrence will lead to the fact that very soon it will be possible to notice how more and more new plants are infected with harmful viruses.
Especially extensive damage is observed in gardens and professional rosaries. And the greatest danger of this disease is for young saplings of fruit trees.
What happens if there are no proper measures?
If no action is taken - special techniques that have been developed over a long time, including folk recipes, then during the summer the aphid can give up to fifty generations inclusive.
In this situation, any, even extremely well-groomed, the site will be significantly damaged. The number of pest species in the northern hemisphere alone is more than four and a half hundred and is among the most dangerous pests in agriculture, gardening and forestry.
The solution of the question of how to deal with aphids is sometimes extremely difficult: the fact is that the speed of its reproduction is extremely high. In an effort to get rid of it as soon as possible, the owners of the site will be able to save their crops.
The most important factors for a quick solution
When feeding on plant sap, aphid pierces its skin with its proboscis. Due to their hardness, old leaves are beyond its strength, therefore the most tender young leaves and buds prevail in the “menu” of the pest.
Aphids on roses carried by ants. Insects that are known for their diligence and vigor in extremely short periods of time can disfigure currant leaves and parasites delicate and fragrant buds.
The spread of the pest by ants is due to the fact that the latter need its sweet syrup. This factor is the cause of the “delivery” to the young leaves of all new and new “Sokopians”.
Moreover, insects not only “deliver” the destroyer to green plantings, but also with all their might protect him from all sorts of enemies.The range of tasks of the owner of the site includes the task of destroying the access of insects to the species.
Briefly about the "allies in the fight" and side effects
The number of natural enemies of the pest is a multitude of birds and insects. An additional task of the owners of the site is to attract them to this fight.
The fight against aphids means in most cases the fight against numerous colonies.
Pest infestation zones are usually extensive, as a result of which treatments, including folk recipes, will have to be carried out repeatedly.
It should also be noted that the use of chemicals will lead to the fact that the earth and everything growing on it will be saturated with poisons, which sooner or later will be on the table of summer residents and their guests.
When choosing a method of struggle, it is necessary to avoid all options that will ultimately kill the human body slowly.
There are a lot of effective and safe methods that are actively used at present. Every year this series is updated with a new version.
Soap solution from aphids in the garden
The easiest method of dealing with a pest is to wash it off with a powerful water jet.Another more effective method is soap washes and sprays. Its use does not entail any special expenditure of power and finance. Water, a grater and laundry soap - tools that are always at hand.
You can use both household and liquid or tar soap. In the first case, 300 grams of soap are taken for 10 liters of water. In the second case, choosing the right proportions means keeping the ratio: 125 ml per 10 liters of water.
If against the garden pest is used the last - tar - option, then the ratio should look like this: 100 g per 10 l.
Another interesting, time-tested and practical recipe based on the use of ash. It can be taken in the range of 250-300 grams, boiled in 10 liters of water for half an hour.
Before spraying, you can add 40 grams of soap. Washing powder is acceptable for use. You can use (and get good results) and pure ash solution.
Liquid ammonia at home and in the country: processing of flowers and vegetable crops
Ammonia is a source of nitrogen for plants and is an ammonia tincture, that is, it is a nitrogenous compound. Means perfectly proved not only as top dressing, but also as protection against various wreckers.
The tool has been repeatedly and successfully used by fans of garden and garden leisure. Those interested in aphids on roses can safely apply this alcohol to such flowers and plants as:
It can be used by dissolving 50 ml of alcohol in 4 liters of water. A healthy view of landings at the dacha will be the best gift for caring owners. In the solution, you can add a little rubbed soap - household or children's.
The function of the soap in this case is to ensure adhesion. The finished product can be used for spraying, it is safe for use on cucumbers and other edible crops.
Properly used tool will be an excellent feeding for garden crops and deadly poison for aphids.
The ammonia can also be diluted with water and the spray solution can be poured with the resulting solution, which is then used against insects - during your stay in the garden.
Fighting the aphids of nature
Herbal decoctions and infusions are not chemicals, as a result of which many gardeners lose caution when using these remedies against garden pests. However, it is necessary to remember a number of risks associated with recourse to these recipes.
Strong concentrations of infusions that can be used by aphids can cause burns in plants. When choosing a similar solution for aphids in the garden, one should not forget about the risk of damage to others, including beneficial insects. Some of the decoctions and infusions can be dangerous to the human body.
Deciding to apply one or another recipe for roses and other cultures, you need to "test" it first on a limited area. Only after being convinced of a positive result, it is advisable to extend its influence to the whole garden plot.
The means allowed by the ants that appeared on the surface of vegetable crops is acceptable for spraying no later than one month before the start of the harvest.
Aphids on roses and other plants will be destroyed subject to the listed rules.
Recipes herbal infusions
In one liter of water for five hours you need to insist 30-35 grams of chopped onions, if desired, you can add onion peel. This also adds a few grams of soap. Everything is filtered. The infusion is ready for use.
In one liter of water for four to five days, 200 grams of chopped garlic must be infused. Infusion is done under the lid. Proportions: 25 ml of infusion per 10 liters of water.
200 grams of crushed dried tobacco leaves are infused in 5 liters of water for two days. Gradually, the infusion is brought to 10 liters, filtered before use.
The fight against aphids based on the use of plants celandine
Celandine can be taken both fresh and dried. The main thing is to use the whole plant - not only the stem, but also flowers with leaves. Duration of infusion: one to two days. Planted spray sprayed plants.
No less popular is another recipe from this plant. 400 grams of fresh stems and flowers are crushed, poured with one liter of water and infused from one day to one and a half days. Then the infusion is boiled for twenty minutes - half an hour.
Creativity as an effective approach
The recipes of this series are based on the use of popularly favorite drinks: Russian vodka, Coca-Cola, milk.
In the first case, you can buy the cheapest vodka. A spray bottle is attached to the neck of the bottle - you can start working in the garden.
The American fizzy drink is also supplied with a spray through which spraying of the affected plants occurs.
According to the most probable version, the destructive effect is due to the presence of phosphoric acid in the composition of the drink. Simple and recipe for milk and iodine.
Fumigation - the path to health
Paradoxically, but tobacco smoke, harmful to humans, benefits plants. And this is done as follows: a small campfire is kindled in a metal can from a canned food. As soon as the last properly flares up, tobacco dust is poured into it. From the can immediately begins to throw white smoke.
With a jar from which thick and rather fetid smoke is coming down, bypass the site, thereby destroying the aphids.
Since ancient times, our ancestors used the same method, saving trees from short-term frosts. Modern summer residents, tormented by the intrigues of the pests generated by the NTP, have significantly expanded the "functionality" of the smoke method.
Interesting and effective are such methods as spraying with essential oils with cream, washing with a suspension of sunflower oil with water and many others. Selection of a method taking into account all the nuances of the situation will give the expected results.