Hissar breed of sheep. Hissar breed: description, productivity, breeding
Breeding sheep is a fairly profitable business, but you should understand which breed should be preferred. According to experienced specialists, the Hissar breed of sheep is the best animal for breeding. They have established themselves as leaders among their relatives in the output of meat and lard. In addition, nature rewarded them with good immunity and high endurance, which is important for breeders.
Uzbek and Tajik breeders bred the Hissar breed of sheep by crossing with representatives of other local varieties. And the name of the breed was derived from the geographical location of the area in which it first appeared. The Gissar range crosses the territory of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. On its lower slopes are steppes, covered with high subtropical grasses.Slightly higher in the mountains grow cereals, trees and shrubs. Even higher cover reminds alpine meadows.
It was in a high-altitude climate with cold nights and hot days that an unpretentious Gissar breed of sheep developed. It has become extraordinarily popular in the countries of Central Asia due to its unpretentiousness and resistance to the fierce cold and the scorching sun. The breed is bred even in the western regions of Uzbekistan, which are characterized by desert steppes. The Hissar breed of sheep in Russia is not as popular as in the countries of Central Asia. Perhaps this is due to the fact that sheep give a lot of fat tail fat, which we can not always sell. Therefore, in Russia, animals are bred in small flocks.
Externally, the representatives of the Hissar breed of sheep do not differ in beauty. Animals have a disproportionate, fairly large torso and a small head. Coarse wool and thin limbs make the sheep not very attractive. An inexperienced person may get the impression that such an animal is poorly fed. However, it is not. Just sheep of this breed have such physiological features.
Animals have a tough and coarse coat, which can be brown, auburn or black. Color depends on the region in which the sheep live. An interesting fact is that the wool of Gissar sheep is of practically no value. But the animals themselves, it delivers a lot of trouble. Especially inconvenient for animals in the summer, when they are attacked by ticks and other parasites. For this reason, people have to shave their hair twice a year.
Animals have wide bones and a highly developed body. In the withers, sheep reach 80 centimeters, rams, as a rule, are slightly taller - their height is 85 centimeters. The head of animals is disproportionately small in comparison with a large body. Sheep have a hunchbacked nose and almost no horns, only occasionally there are individuals with very small horns. But the long ears of individuals were inherited from crossing with other breeds. Animals have a small tail, the length of which is not more than nine centimeters.
Hissar breed of sheep: a characteristic of productivity
The appearance of the animals is quite different because of the size of the fat-tail bag, so the sheep are divided by type of productivity into meat, oil, greasy and meat.
What is the difference between representatives of different directions? Meat animals have a poorly developed fat tail, which is almost invisible. This type of Hissar breed of sheep is usually bred in Russia.
Rams of meat and fat look have a rather large fat tail, which is located high, as if being an extension of the back. But individuals of the sebaceous type with proper nutrition can postpone the amount of fat, which is one third of its weight. Therefore, the rump can look like a large bag. It is the storage of fat and water. When in the hot summer or in the cold winter, the animals are unable to eat normally, they begin to consume the nutritional reserves that are in the fat tail.
It is worth noting that the fat reserves of sheep are also deposited on the internal organs and under the skin. On average, the weight of a sheep reaches 80-90 kilograms, the largest ones weigh up to 150 kilograms. Greasy varieties gain up to 190 kilograms of weight. Depending on the region in which animals are bred, certain breeds of Gissar sheep and sheep are valued.
The fertility of animals is not very high, but individuals give a large amount of milk.Experiments show that after lambing lambs can be transferred to artificial feeding. Then from females in just a few months you can get up to 120 liters of milk.
The growth of lambs does not suffer at the same time, since they begin to be grazed from the second day of life. The main condition for the full development of babies is proper nutrition. Juicy fresh grass allows the young animal to gain 600 grams per day. They practice sending young cattle for slaughter at the age of three to four months, because it is at this time that the best meat is obtained, which is valued for its high nutritional value.
As for the hair of animals, for the year with a single individual you can cut a few kilograms. However, it is completely unsuitable for the manufacture of high-quality fabrics, because it contains a large amount of dead hair. Tajiks and Uzbeks learned how to use wool to make felt.
Breeding Gissar sheep can not be called too troublesome. The fact is that the animals developed in the conditions of the highlands, where many rich herbs grow, and on the tops that are covered with snow, edible roots can be found if you try very hard.Such habitat made the breed completely unpretentious in terms of nutrition. Animals eat equally well fresh grass in the meadows and sloping pens. The main condition of the content is sufficient water. In winter, unpretentious individuals also do not lose their appetite. They eat cereals, hay, and root vegetables well. In order for sheep and sheep to get the necessary minerals and vitamins, farmers practice giving them mineral-containing lickers. The main costs of keeping Gissar sheep are nutrition, which is not too expensive. No wonder that animals are known for their unpretentiousness.
Hissar sheep breed: important points of content
Animals of the Gissar breed prefer very dry spaces and do not tolerate wet pastures. In summer, sheep are grazed on mountain slopes near the dwelling. But in the winter they are trying to overtake higher in the mountains. Difficult weather conditions associated with cold, winds and heat are not at all terrible to animals. Briefly trimmed wool dries very quickly after rain, at the same time, thick woolen covers do not allow sheep to freeze, making them resistant to wind and frost.
Despite the unpretentiousness of the breed, it is still necessary to provide animals with a good living space in which they can shelter from the weather or prepare for lambing.
A very important point in the content is a thorough check on the presence of parasites in wool covers and their disinfection. Treatment is carried out simultaneously in all specimens in order to prevent parasites from migrating to healthy animals. They also process the room in which the sheep live.
Birth of young
Sheep and sheep live together and graze on the same pasture. Shepherds do not track the insemination of individuals, so the appearance of young stock occurs all year round. Lambs appear after 145 days. One female leads only one baby, very rarely two. Up to three months of age, lambs are kept with their mother, later they are handed over to meat or distilled to other pastures. Hissar sheep are nomadic creatures who love to spend time on pastures. Therefore, an important point in their content is to provide conditions as close as possible to the natural.
The disadvantages and advantages of the breed
Before acquiring animals of the Gissar breed, it is worth knowing that they have not only advantages, but also disadvantages:
- Poor wool of poor quality is completely unsuitable for the manufacture of fabrics.
- Females do not differ fertility, resulting in only one, a maximum of two lambs.
The advantages of the breed include:
- Rapid growth.
- Unpretentiousness to weather conditions.
- Nutrition grazing and the ability to find food even in difficult conditions.
- The ability to easily master pasture steep mountain slopes and steppes.
- Cost effective content.
The popularity of animals in Russia
High productivity and unpretentiousness made the breed quite popular in Russia. The only significant condition for the breeding of such animals is the presence of vast pastures, as they prefer to graze in large spaces. It is for this reason that sheep are raised in the south of the country in the steppe regions. If you decide to breed such animals, you will probably be interested in the question of how much the Gissar breed costs.
For the acquisition of individuals, experts recommend contacting specialized farmer companies. The price of Hissar sheep breeds at different farms can vary significantly depending on the characteristics.In addition, the cost can be set both per individual and per kilogram of live weight. Thus, the price of an animal varies between 7,000 and 10,000 rubles, or 170 rubles per kilogram.
Propensity to disease
The Hissar breed is incredibly resistant to colds. Animals almost never get sick. But still they need some vaccinations. Therefore, the task of a conscientious farmer is to take care of their animals.
Only the youngest animals are sent to the slaughter, since only their meat is of the highest quality. Therefore, three-month-old lambs can already be used for meat. As a rule, for mass slaughter use special places. Slaughterhouses are equipped with all the necessary materials.
Of course, at home you can also slaughter a lamb, if this is an isolated case. To do this, the animal is suspended by the legs, the arteries are cut, and then they begin to carve the carcass.
Instead of an afterword
Hissar animals are one of the best representatives of meat and greasy breeds, which are characterized by incredible unpretentiousness and high productivity. Their popularity is connected with indisputable advantages, due to which the breeding of sheep and sheep is quite simple and at the same time profitable.The only problem is the sale of fat tail fat, which is not in demand in our regions.