Himalayan cats: photos, description of the breed, character, characteristics of the content and care
These fluffy creatures remain in the memory of everyone who has ever had the luck to get to know them better. Himalayan cats have a unique appearance, good character and ability to get along with people. Pets are able to give joy to every household, cheer up and beautify even the most gloomy day. To get along well with cats of this breed, you need to know about them as much as possible. Having carefully studied the features of care for them, you can grow a healthy and happy pet.
The history of the breed
Himalayan cats belong to the breed, which was derived by an artificial method of felinologists. For the first time they began to talk about them in the 30s of the last century. Everyone who hears the name of the breed recalls the highest mountains in the world - the Himalayas. However, cats have nothing to do with them.The native land of fluffy purrs is Great Britain. It was there that felinologists first thought about crossing Persian and Siamese cats. The new breed should have fluffy wool, blue eyes and a rare color, like those of the Siamese.
For the first crossing, a black Persian and a Siamese cat of standard color were selected. Nevertheless, the kittens were born with a black fur. Then the experts came to the conclusion that the gene that creates the long hair and the specific Siamese color is recessive. After years, the idea of English felinologists was picked up by other scientists. One of the American breeders managed for the first time to recreate the ideal representative of the Himalayan breed of cats. Then the UK became successful in breeding these beauties.
For many years, cats did not want to be recognized as individuals, considering that they were just a kind of Persian breed. Even now, Himalayan cats have a not too long list of pedigree documents. However, many owners point out that their character is clearly different from Persian and Siamese cats. Therefore, you can be sure that the breed is unique and deserves special attention.
The appearance of cats
They have a beautiful and unusual appearance.Himalayan cats are not large and not small. They have an average weight, and their torso is no different from any other representative of the cat. The abundance of fluffy wool creates a false idea of the size of the animal. The paws of cats are strong, low set, and the fingers are round. The head is rather large. Most of the attention it attracts deep-set nose.
The look of the Himalayan cats is fascinating. This is largely due to the coloring of the eyes. They are bright blue, well pigmented and brilliantly incised. There are no Himalayan cats with a different eye color. Their tail is as fluffy as the trunk, of medium size.
Official color standard
The coloring of these cats involves only the coloring of color-point. Any other color will already be considered a deviation from the breed data. The peculiarity of the coloring of these pets is that the main colors of the body and points must have a bright contrast, which effectively combines with each other. Points - this is the darkest color of the fur of Himalayan cats. It is located in certain areas: ears, paws, muzzle and tail. According to the shade of the point, it is possible to determine the variety of coloring of the animal. The official breed standard implies the following types of color cats:
- Blue point.
The description of a Himalayan cat is impossible without the presentation of her gorgeous color. The wool of these pets is voluminous and fluffy. This is the merit of a good undercoat. It is very thick and warm. The texture of the coat is soft and gentle. On the neck the fur is longer than on the whole body. It creates the appearance of a scarf or collar.
Nature of animals
Representatives of this breed have an extremely calm and kind character. These creatures are not in a hurry, they move smoothly and love to watch people. Himalayan cats lifestyle is very measured and balanced. Sometimes it seems that with their calm they add a little peace to the active life of a modern person. The nature of the Himalayan cat is very phlegmatic. She would never run and ride through the rooms, knocking out all that would fall under her feet. A furry beauty will slowly walk around her possessions, as befits a royal animal.
But even such a phlegmatic creation can be made to show activity. Suffice it to pick up an interesting toy.Then even the slowest cat will jump and run around the house. That is why children are often the best friends for Himalayan cats. They quickly find an approach to these furry creatures with a good-natured and trusting character.
Peculiar behavior of cats
Having decided to start a Himalayan cat, it should be remembered that they do not like confined space. Therefore you should not close the door in front of the animal or lock it in the same room. Pet will plaintively ask outside and try to get out of prison. Cats of this breed should know that they can always follow their master. For the same reason, it is not worth spending money on expensive houses and structures. Most likely, the master's bed will be the favorite place of the cat. Reviews of Himalayan cats indicate that this is where they like to spend most of the day.
These cute creatures just love the sunshine. Good weather will undoubtedly make them settle on the windowsill. Therefore, you can lay a soft blanket or place the bed on the sunniest place in the house. Kitty will be happy to bask and bask in the sun.
Furry Pet Health
Himalayan cats and kittens have good health and good immunity. However, due to genetic heredity, they are prone to diseases that often appear in Persian cats. Most often, these cats suffer from problems in the oral cavity. If you do not monitor the condition of the teeth and neglect their cleaning, animals quickly form tartar. There may also be inflammation and bleeding gums.
Therefore, it is very important to care for your pet's teeth. In addition to cleaning, you need to give your little friend a special feed that prevents the appearance of a stone. Usually its granules are larger. Gnawing on them, the cat cleans its teeth from plaque, which then forms stones.
Common Cat Diseases
From the Persian Himalayan cats got the following types of diseases:
- Polycystic kidney disease. This disease is very common in most pets. If you start it, it can lead to chronic kidney failure. The affected organs are not restored by treatment, and at an early stage the disease is almost impossible to determine.In cats, the symptoms are mild. It is necessary to sound the alarm if the animal lost its appetite, decreased weight, and blood appeared in the urine. You also need to pay attention to the state of the cat. Any health problems are always reflected in the behavior. Pet becomes sluggish, drooping, sleepy and constantly tired.
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Another pathology that appears in Persian and Himalayan cats. It occurs not so often, but the breed still has a tendency to it. The disease is characterized by a thickening of the heart walls, which is fatal if not treated in time. Early detection of cardiomyopathy is easy. It can be quickly diagnosed by ECG. By doing this procedure at least once every six months, you can prevent the consequences of heart disease.
To know about the state of health, a pet must be regularly checked by a veterinarian. Only in this way can you protect your little friend from any diseases.
Beautiful and fluffy fur coat is the main feature of this breed. It is not surprising that she needs special care.A Himalayan cat will have to be combed daily to prevent the appearance of mats and knots in the fur. In addition, its appearance depends entirely on the state of the coat. If you neglect combing, the cat may clog the stomach from the coat. To avoid this, it is necessary to provide her diet with weed, which can be grown even on a windowsill. It is only necessary to buy germinated grains of wheat or oats. The grass will help remove hair from the cat's stomach.
The content of the Himalayan cats will not be difficult for the owners. It is only necessary to care for the hair, eyes, ears and teeth of the pet. The eyes of these cats require daily care not less than wool. They must be cleaned at least 2 times a day. This is done due to the fact that their lacrimal canals work significantly less than that of ordinary cats. A special shape of the face is to blame. Persian cats need the same eye care. For rubbing suitable water at room temperature. You can also use herbal tea brewing.
Cats from childhood need to be taught to brush your teeth. Procedures should be carried out at least 3-4 times a week.Thus, it is possible to prevent the occurrence of tartar and inflammatory processes in the gums. Pet ears also need to be cleaned. Too often it is impossible. It is enough to clean the auricle only once a week from dust and other impurities.
How to feed a Himalayan cat
All veterinarians are inclined to believe that cats of this breed will feel great when feeding ready-made food. There is only one main rule - food should not be cheap. Saving on food of Himalayan cats is strictly prohibited. Feed must be obtained after consultation with a veterinarian. He will give recommendations on feeding and will tell you what should be the daily portion of cat food.