Helicobacter pylori: symptoms and treatment
You are bothered by uncaused pains in the abdomen,nausea, heartburn, belching and very fast satiety after eating? Similar complaints can arise as a result of the development of infection caused by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, the symptoms of which appear in the human body just such. This is the main causative agent of chronic gastric ulcers and gastritis.
This bacterium belongs to the class of anaerobes, thenthere is this microbe, dying in the air. Being in the gastrointestinal tract, it causes a decrease in the resistance of the mucosa and its inflammation. It turns out that with active multiplication, microorganisms secrete a number of enzymes that have a damaging effect, which increase the secretion of hydrochloric acid and lead to a decrease in the protective properties inherent in the mucosa.
At present, this particular pathogenis given paramount importance in the formation and repeated occurrence of peptic ulcer. Perhaps this is the most common human infection, transmitted through mucus and saliva. The most common infection is Helicobacteriosis within the family or within other groups (communicating closely with each other), because the Helicobacter pylori bacteria spreads when the rules of personal hygiene are not respected, when using shared utensils, as well as the crowding of a large number of people living together. This microbe is often transmitted to the child from the mother (through saliva, which falls on a spoon, nipple and other objects). Such an infection can be infected even with a kiss.
Doctors have established a clear relationshipHelicobacter pylori infection with the onset and development of gastritis, stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers, as well as stomach cancer and other diseases. But this infection is widespread everywhere, mainly in developing countries, where nearly 90% of the total population is colonized by such microorganisms. According to statistics, it is infected almost 2/3 of humanity.
How to recognize the presence in the human bodyHelicobacter pylori bacteria? Symptoms of the presence of the microorganism fully correspond to the manifestations of gastritis, duodenitis, duodenal ulcer and stomach. At the very beginning of the disease (with gastritis and duodenitis), patients complain of rather unpleasant sensations arising in the epigastric region. It seems that the stomach is full, heartburn, nausea (caused by the discharge of the contents of the stomach mainly into the esophagus). There are other, less common, signs of the presence of Helicobacter pylori bacteria. Symptoms of this disease: increased gas formation in the intestine (in other words - flatulence), the appearance in the language of white plaque, as well as the emergence of burps with an unpleasant odor. And some people can not bother, they do not even know that they are carriers of the bacteria.
How is the presence of Helicobacter in children determined?pylori? Symptoms in the child's body are somewhat different. In the upper abdomen there are painful sensations, nausea, heartburn and disturbances in the absorption of food. Also, these symptoms can indicate the development of a child's dysbacteriosis of the intestines, which in turn leads to diarrhea, constipation and weight loss.
After identifying such an infection,How to treat Helicobacter pylori? To this end, anti-Helicobacter therapy is used. Treatment of this disease is a very complicated problem of clinical gastroenterology, because wrong or inadequate treatment can lead to the formation of stable strains of bacteria in the population.
Treatment is based on the use of three-component therapy, which allows:
- in 80 percent of cases, to destroy the Helicobacter pylori bacterium;
- Do not discontinue therapy as a result of side effects or discontinuation of medication by the patient according to the scheme established by the doctor;
- to get the maximum effect with the duration of the treatment course no more than 2 weeks.
Only a specialist can prescribe the correct course of treatment and diagnose the presence of this bacterium.