Folic acid: instructions for use during pregnancy and not only
Most people do not even assume that they have a deficiency of folic acid. Especially pregnant women and small children suffer from its shortage. What is folic acid used for? Instructions for use, as well as interesting data on its properties and effects on the body will help to understand.
What is folic acid and what is it for?
In fact, folic acid is nothing like vitamin B9. It is vital for the human body, and its lack can have unpleasant consequences. A deficiency of this vitamin may not appear at first and be asymptomatic, but then there is a decrease in appetite, irritability, fatigue, and from the side of the body, reactions such as diarrhea, vomiting and nausea may occur. Pregnant women especially need folic acid.This is due to the fact that it directly participates in the formation of the placenta, and is also necessary for cell division, due to which the embryo develops. A lot of unpleasant consequences for the fetus in the form of malformations can occur as a result of the fact that folic acid enters the mother’s body in insufficient quantities. Instructions for use are usually contained in each package, it is possible to get acquainted with the composition of the drug and contraindications.
Folic acid: instructions for use
First of all, it is necessary to figure out in which cases folic acid is prescribed. The instruction says that among cases when a person is recommended to use vitamin B9, avitominoz, anemia, unbalanced nutrition, prolonged stress, lactation, pregnancy. And this is not all cases when the doctor prescribes folic acid. There are practically no contraindications for this drug, with the exception of hypersensitivity and pernicious anemia. However, in any case, it is advisable to consult a doctor who will determine whether folic acid is really necessary for use.How to take it, and what the dosage, again, I have to say a specialist, but the instructions say that during lactation, you must drink 300 mg per day. In case of prophylaxis, adults should consume 200 mcg / day, and children - from 25 to 100 mcg / day, depending on the age category. During pregnancy it is recommended to take 400 mg / day. The situation is different when the therapeutic goal is pursued, because in this case the dosage in which the folic acid should be taken is changed. Instructions for use must be studied before use of the drug to get acquainted with possible side effects in the form of pruritus or rash.
Natural Sources of Folic Acid
Of course, vitamin B 9 can be ingested not only with the help of the drug, but also from food. Sources of folic acid include: beef, legumes, tuna, salmon, dates, yeast, green leafy vegetables, roots, cereals, milk, nuts, pumpkin, melons, bananas, apricots, oranges, pork, chicken, lamb, oatmeal and buckwheat cereals, bran.