Does everyone know what it means "but pasaran"?
Many have heard the phrase “but pasaran” more than once and even used it in conversation for the sake of wit, without knowing either the translation or the history of this slogan. It is hard to imagine how many people, shouting these words, were going to die for the freedom and independence of their homeland.
What does the phrase "but pasaran" mean?
The slogan no pasaran means a firm intention to defend their beliefs at all costs. The literal translation of this popular expression sounds like "they will not pass."
The expression was pronounced in Spanish, but the idiom acquired a political color and a slightly different meaning thanks to the French.
Who first said “but pasaran”
During the First World War, fierce battles of the French troops with the German occupiers were fought in the western direction. One of the decisive battles was the battle of Verdun, later called the “Verdun meat grinder”.
It was then, in 1916, the phrase ils ne passeront pas - “they will not pass” was first uttered by the French general Nivelle.It sounded against the German soldiers who went on the offensive against one of the most impregnable fortresses in Europe - Verdun.
Spanish Civil War
What does “but pasaran” mean, it became widely known a bit later, during the uprising in Spain, which lasted from 1936 to 1939. Republicans and loyalists opposed the opposition General Francisco Franco, who propagandizes nationalism and is actively supported by fascist Italy, Germany and Portugal.
At that time, the personality of Dolores Ibarruri, an activist of the communist movement who openly advocated for the freedom of Spain and its independence, was very popular. It was she who, in one of her public speeches, uttered a phrase that became a legend. What does “but pasaran” mean, it became clear to the Russian troops who took part in this military operation. The expression has become popular among many countries of the communist camp.
What does “but pasaran” mean to people of that time? This is a slogan with which you can go to death, knowing that your sacrifice will not be empty. It is worth bowing to the memory of these true patriots, for whom political convictions were more important than their own life.
There is an answer to this famous saying. 4 days before the end of the war, Madrid was still captured. Then General Franco spoke the phrase Hemos pasado, that is, "we passed."
Nowadays, any member of the anti-fascist organization, of which there are many around the world, knows what it means “but pasaran”. The phrase has become a symbol of the fight against fascism in any of its manifestations.