Colds during breastfeeding: is it possible to feed the baby and how to be treated by the mother

A cold does not spare anyone, including a nursing mother. This acute viral disease creates many problems with breastfeeding. A woman suffers from headaches, fever, stuffy nose and general deterioration of health.

However, when mom is unwell - this is one thing, because it is known that colds will disappear in a week. Another thing - the responsibility for the newborn child.

That is why a woman is worried about whether a baby can get infected, whether it is possible to feed a baby with mother's milk for colds, and what drugs are allowed during this period. The recommendations of pediatricians and experts on HB will help to understand this.

Infection course

A common cold in a nursing mother proceeds according to the “standard scenario”, therefore the disease in this category of patients is also not considered dangerous and usually passes quite quickly.

However, it is believed that women who breastfeed the baby are particularly susceptible to respiratory infections. This is due to the increased work of the whole organism and somewhat reduced immunity. What are the main stages of ARVI?

  1. Infection coursePenetration.Infection with a virus occurs after inhalation of the virus particles contained in the wet secretions of infected people. Pathogens most often settle on the mucous membranes of the nasopharynx and begin to "self-copy".
  2. SymptomsThe period from viral damage to the onset of the first signs takes about 2-3 days. Then there is a runny nose, nasal passages are laid, the throat starts to hurt, the temperature rises. A cough will appear a little later, when a wet secret accumulates in the airways.
  3. Immune system response. It usually occurs on the third day from the beginning of the development of an infectious disease. The mother's body begins to produce interferon - a special group of protein substances that are released by organisms in response to the introduction of viral particles. Approximately on the fifth day, antibodies to the virus are produced.
  4. Recovery.Patients recover after 6-9 days. If the condition of a nursing woman does not improve even after a week-long malady, we can talk about a complication - for example, connecting to a viral infection of bacterial agents.

Most people often catch cold throughout the year, but they rarely go to the doctor. But a cold during breastfeeding is a special situation, since a woman is also responsible for the child.

Mom should definitely contact the doctor for qualified help herself and the baby.

Can I breastfeed?

A few decades ago, colds during breastfeeding caused short-term failure of lactation. Sometimes doctors advised for the entire duration of a viral infection to transfer the child to an artificial mixture. Another recommendation is to boil the expressed milk and feed the already boiled product.

Currently, doctors are sure that if mother has a cold, it is not necessary to refuse to breastfeed.

The virus during breastfeeding is not transmitted from the mother to the infant. In any case, milk usually does not become the main source of cold.

On the contrary, the milk secret is the main factor in the safety of the newborn.If a cold mom continues to breastfeed the baby, then she will give him the antibodies of her own body against the attacking virus particles.

Thus, mother's milk with colds helps protect the crumbs from its occurrence or significantly simplifies its course and speeds up recovery.

Refusal to breastfeed is possible if there is a strong intoxication of the body. They do not give milk to the baby when sufficiently serious medicines are prescribed for the common cold - against inflammation or a bacterial infection that has been activated.

How to prevent infection of the child?

If the mother has a cold, then, above all, she is worried about how to protect the baby from infection. Since the contact of the mother with the baby is unavoidable, there is no one hundred percent way of protection. However, a woman can still reduce the threat if she follows two simple tips.

  1. Use a medical mask.Doctors are convinced that the use of this device is not able to completely eliminate the possibility of infecting a baby. The first symptoms appear only on the second day, so if the mother has a cold, then, most likely, the viruses overtook the child.But when using a mask, you can reduce their concentration next to the baby. The pad changes after 2 hours.
  2. Regular hand washing.It is well known that colds are infected during communication or bodily contact. Viral "concentrate" - discharge from the nose, which are on a scarf, napkin. Virus particles remain in the hands of the mother, which is why you need to wash them with detergent before going to the baby. This can significantly reduce the risk of infection.

It is extremely difficult for an ill mother to care for the child, because the high temperature, pain in the head, poor health and weakness do not allow to fully fulfill the mother's duties, despite all the desire. It is necessary to ask grandmothers and other close people for help until the state of the mother improves.

How to prevent infection of the child

We treat colds correctly

To make the baby feel good, a nursing mother should seek the help of doctors as soon as possible. The recommendations of physicians are especially important when high temperature indices are observed for longer than three days, and the signs are only increasing. For example, the throat hurts more and more, the dry barking cough joined.

General tips are the same for all categories, they are useful and nursing mother. The only difference is the refusal of medicines prohibited during breastfeeding. But first things first.

  • We treat colds correctlyRelaxation.Even if it seems that mothers have a cold "easily," and only rhinitis is seen from all the cold symptoms, bed rest is compulsory. The female body takes time to overcome the disease. Lack of rest can significantly prolong recovery periods and increase the risk of negative consequences. For example, the connection of bacteria.
  • Warm, heavy drink.Viral particles "poison" the body with metabolic products. These toxic substances lead to headaches, fatigue. A large volume of fluid helps to eliminate toxins and reduce the severity of other negative symptoms. Experts advise to drink warm drinks - weakly brewed tea, vitamin cranberry juice, compote. You can use raspberry jam, lemon slices, honey with them, if, of course, the baby has not previously shown an allergic reaction to these products.
  • Folk recipes.Some unconventional treatments for ARVI really help to improve the condition of the nursing mother. If a woman has a cold, you should try:
    • blackcurrant juice - a drink rich in vitamin C, reduces swelling of the nasal mucosa, will work even if the baby is susceptible to allergic reactions;
    • black radish juice with honey - you should wash the vegetable, extract the pulp and pour liquid honey into the core, insist for 12 hours and use 1-2 teaspoons with a strong cough;
    • decoction of medicinal plants - infusions of calendula and chamomile have anti-inflammatory properties (to prepare simply - pour a teaspoon with a glass of boiling water and insist for several hours), helps with sore throat.
  • Listening to your own appetite.With a cold you do not need to eat if you do not want. Mom can be limited to, for example, chicken broth, which not only restores strength, does not stress the body, but also reduces the production of specific mast cells, causing congestion of the nasal passages and swelling of the mucous membrane. Forcibly feed the child, if he also fell ill, should not be.

Often, the implementation of these recommendations is enough for the mother to recover in the usual time for ARVI. In case of a complicated course of the disease, the doctor may recommend drugs that relieve the mother from the symptoms and help to ease the recovery period.

Antiviral drugs

Despite the variety of drugs that have antiviral activity, many doctors are quite skeptical about their effectiveness and directly call them dummies.

In addition, many of the antiviral agents are contraindicated during breastfeeding. So, mom, suffering from a cold, you can not use such common drugs as Arbidol or Rematandin.

Attitudes toward homeopathy are also ambiguous. Firstly, its effectiveness in the fight against viral particles has not been proven. And it can also lead to the emergence of various allergic conditions in a child or a decrease in milk production.

Homeopathic antiviral medications include:

  • Anaferon;
  • Oscillococcinum;
  • Aflubin.
Specialists treat the medicines based on human interferon more favorably. It is believed that their use allows you to quickly deal with the symptoms of SARS. However, they must be applied carefully and correctly.

The doctor may prescribe interferon-based drugs as soon as mom gets sick, because at this moment the virus particles are on the nasal mucosa.Then the pathogens enter the bloodstream, and antiviral medications are already powerless. Their use creates only an additional load on the excretory system.

Antipyretics

If temperature indicators exceed an important physical milestone of 38.5 ° C, a woman should take medicine that reduces fever. If the figures are lower, and the mother tolerates fever well, it is not necessary to fight it.

A rise in temperature is a signal that the mother’s body fights and defeats alien agents. Artificially knocking her down, a woman increases the load on organ systems and increases the duration of the disease.

For fevery mother recommended remedies for the heat, which are based on the substances paracetamol and ibuprofen. They will not suffer and baby.

AntipyreticsAllowed drugs:

  • Paracetamol;
  • Panadol;
  • Ibuprofen;
  • Efferalgan;
  • Nurofen.

You can not use multi-component drugs, in which, in addition to paracetamol, contains other ingredients whose effect on the mother and child's body has not yet been studied.

They can cause harm and infants, so give up such means as Coldrex or TheraFlu.

Medications for rhinitis

The safest drugs for the common cold are products based on sea water or ordinary salt solution. They moisturize the nasal mucosa, which significantly increases its capabilities in the fight against viral particles.

For example, for washing the nasal passages are often used drugs:

  • Medications for rhinitisAquamaris;
  • Aqualore;
  • Marimer;
  • Salin.

These drugs have practically no contraindications, so even a baby is allowed. Sea water thins viscous secretions and releases the nasal cavity.

You can also use homemade salt solutions, which are extremely simple to prepare - dilute a teaspoon into a mug of warm water. Of course, you shouldn’t put a lot of pressure on the syringe, otherwise the liquid can get into the middle ear. It is better to wash the nose with a pipette or a special nozzle.

Vasoconstrictor drugs are also acceptable, since they are prescribed for a very short period - no more than 3-5 days. Among the most common drops:

  • Naphthyzinum;
  • Sanorin;
  • Otrivin;
  • Nazivin.

With proper use, drugs quickly remove the mucosal edema, relieving nasal breathing. Naturally, they cannot be taken independently by nursing mothers.

From painful sensations in the throat

Antiseptic agents with a local effect can help if mom has a cold. For rinsing, normal saline with a few drops of iodine is suitable. Popular and safe potions - Hexoral, Chlorophyllipt, Chlorhexidine.

In addition, the pastille sore throat and absorbable pills will reduce, for example:

  • Strepsils;
  • Lizobact;
  • Septolete;
  • Sebidine.

These drugs are not contraindicated during feeding. Regular resorption of lozenges allows you to stop pain and temporarily feel better when you swallow food.

Antitussive drugs

Clearing therapy is carried out under medical supervision. The fact is that the cough is dry (without a wet secret) and wet (with sputum). Depending on this factor, the most effective medication is prescribed.

In addition, during the lactation period, funds containing ethyl alcohol are prohibited, which is why you need to trust the doctor in choosing a drug.

For example, Ambroxol is often prescribed in the form of tablets, capsules and solutions for inhalation procedures.

The safest and most effective way - inhalation using a nebulizer. Such a device helps to deliver the drug components directly to the upper respiratory tract, which accelerates recovery.

The common cold is not the most dangerous disease, but it gives a lot of inconvenience to nursing mothers and children. If a woman has a cold, she, first of all, worries about whether it is possible to feed the newborn with breast milk.

This is not prohibited, since the baby gets all the necessary antibodies with this natural product. However, it is better not to engage in amateur activities, but to consult with a doctor in order to prevent the occurrence of negative consequences - pneumonia, tonsillitis.

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Colds during breastfeeding: is it possible to feed the baby and how to be treated by the mother

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Colds during breastfeeding: is it possible to feed the baby and how to be treated by the mother

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