Chatsky - defeated or the winner of the comedy "Woe from Wit"?
Russian classical literature knows a lot of heroes, around whom disputes never cease. These include Raskolnikov from “Crime and Punishment” by F. M. Dostoevsky, Bazarov from “Fathers and Children” by I. S. Turgenev, Yevgeny Onegin from the novel of the same name in verses by A. S. Pushkin. All these characters are united by the fact that it is impossible to characterize them only in one way: they are neither positive nor negative, because they are truly alive, and therefore they combine in themselves both the one and the other. Today we will talk about such a hero as Chatsky. Defeated or the winner - who is he, the main character of the comedy A.S. Griboyedov "Woe from Wit"?
Briefly about the history of the creation of the work
The great comedy in verse was born back in 1825. This is the time when it was first published. Her direct writing fell on 1822–1824. The reason for the creation of this work,in the style of classicism with the addition of elements then still new to the literature of realism and romanticism, turned out to be significant, and today it can be clearly traced in the plot.
The fact is that Griboedov, who returned from abroad in 1816 to St. Petersburg, was struck by the admiration of Russian society before the French. At one of the social events, Alexander Sergeevich could not stand it and broke out in a fiery diatribe, which is why he became known as a lunatic. It was this rumor that served as the impetus for the creation of “Woe from Wit”, the author of which wished to avenge the higher world.
Originally, the comedy was called “Woe to Mind”; there was not yet a scene in it with an explanation of Molchalin and Lisa, as well as a number of other episodes. In 1825, the first fragment was published in the almanac “Russian Waist” - 7-10 actions of the I phenomenon, which were censored. The main text, the remaining descendants, is the one that was left by Griboedov in 1828 before going to the Caucasus in St. Petersburg with a friend, F.V. Bulgarin
Today this authorized manuscript is called Bulgarin. A.S. Griboedov died tragically in 1829 in Tehran. This means that the author's manuscript of the work has not been preserved.Attempts to find it in Georgia in the 1940s – 60s failed. By the way, the full publication of the work, without abbreviations and exceptions, appeared in Russia, according to some sources, in 1862, according to others - in 1875.
In order to answer the question, who is Chatsky, a vanquished or a winner, you need to recall the plot of the comedy, its actors and the main turning points. A summary of the four actions of the comedy is this: first, the reader meets the house of Pavel Afanasyevich Famusov, the official who manages the official place. Here is the maid Lisa, with whom Pavel Afanasyevich flirts, the daughter of Famusov, Sophia and Molchalin, his secretary. There is a connection between the last two, which the father does not approve of: he tells the secretary to know his place, to walk away from the young girl’s chambers and to be grateful for the place and rank given.
The usual course of life violates the arrival of Alexander Andreevich Chatsky - a young man who had previously been in love with Sophia, but then he went traveling. As it turned out, he still has feelings for his daughter Famusov and, not knowing that she is in love with Molchalin, constantly teases the latter.This love triangle will be the engine of action throughout the comedy. The girl will be the one who will spread the news of Chatsky's madness, and everyone will take it at face value, because throughout the comedy the main character will tell people the truth, reveal the vices and expose the unworthy behavior of secular society.
As a result, Chatsky will understand that Sophia loves Molchalin - this unworthy, ready to do anything for the sake of promotion, a scoundrel. And this she, the one he loved, spread a ridiculous rumor about him. Deceived in his expectations and seemed suddenly to see clearly, Chatsky sits in a carriage and is carried away from the hypocritical Moscow society - in search of such a part of the world, "where the insulted is a corner of the senses."
Image of Chatsky
Who is Chatsky? Defeated or winner? It is not possible to figure out this without analyzing all the characteristics of the main character. This is a person who is positively intelligent, sharp-tongued, observant, active, witty. But his ability to think broadly ended up playing against him, as the title of the work itself says.Regardless of what in the final Chatsky (defeated or winner), do not deprive him of the fact that he is honest and knows how to truly love.
Alexander Andreevich saw the world, learned, read a lot of books, even knew the ministers, but dispersed with them. Famusov notices that he writes well, translates. Brave, open, truthful, Chatsky is a “new man” who can put all his forces and means on the altar of his struggle for the idea. In this philosophy of the hero was very similar to the life position of its creator - Alexander Sergeyevich Griboyedov.
Why is Chatsky a winner?
Because throughout all the episodes, the reader sees his sparkling, brilliant, full of justifiably sarcastic remarks about really unworthy, low people. Although Alexander Andreevich is alone and opposed in the face of Moscow society to the whole world of lies, pretense, obedience to those in power, yet he does not lose himself, does not overstep his principles. Molchalins, Skalozuby, Famusovs, Zagoretsky and others are not capable of shaking him. Because he is a priori higher and stronger than them due to the depth of his judgments, strength, freedom and independence of thought.
In fact, the reader becomes a witness of how a living passion, human honor and individuality in the conditions of the feudal system want to shake, break, fix. But volitional character does not give in - he lives and, even if rejected, does not betray his convictions. So, in the ideological and moral terms remains the winner.
This is one point of view. Is there a different position in Griboedov's comedy “Woe from Wit”? CHATSKY: winner or loser? In fact, the answer to the end has not yet been found.
Why Chatsky - defeated?
What will happen if we ask the readers a question, who after all is Chatsky - a winner or a loser? The answer of one, the other and the third person will be completely different. The point of view, according to which Chatsky lost as a result, can be justified by the fact that he is still a victim by nature. The team, even if unworthy, persecutes and does not accept it, the girlfriend does not see the high qualities of character - only arrogance, anger and arrogance.
The final may also be an argument: Chatsky is leaving, literally running to “nowhere”. He is not waiting for a happy ending, and this is the tragedy of his story. Not Moscow elite conquers him.He himself is unable to adapt to an imperfect world. Chatsky forced forever to wander into the unknown, as if fleeing from himself. As a result, his talents, his sharpened mind are wasted in vain, without benefit: he is only "throwing beads before swine." And if he were a winner from the beginning to the end, wouldn't he have understood right away that this was a bad thing?
Quotes of the protagonist
Thus, if you take up the essay "Chatsky: winner or vanquished?", Briefly or completely, you can reveal one or the other point of view. There is no consensus here. That is why this article began with the fact that inconsistency and multiplicity is a characteristic feature of many heroes of the Russian classics. The main thing that needs to be done is to correlate the character's behavior with his own views on life and to argue the chosen position in accordance with them.
Regardless of who is Chatsky, winner or defeated, quotes of this hero will remain cruise for a long time. For example:
- Blessed is he who believes, warmth to him in the world!
- To serve would be glad, to be serviced is sickening.
- Who are the judges?
They secured the memory of A.S. Griboedov centuries, as well as bestowed immortal life on the main character of his comedy.