Bluegrass Meadow: Description and Use
The bluegrass meadow is a perennial variety of which belongs to the genus of the Bluegrass family of cereals. This is fodder grass, one of the earliest cereals. During its development it forms a beautiful turf, characterized by smoothness, intensity, elasticity, density and bright green color of the grass stand. In addition, the grass can live, reviving vegetatively and not one decade.
Bluegrass Meadow: Description
This plant is a rhizomatous ryhlokustovaya cereal grass. It has creeping underground processes: rhizomes and a lot of fibrous roots growing in the outer layer of the earth and forming a strong turf. Low shoots - 30-70 cm, smooth, relatively soft, well-resistant and leafy. The leaves, like those of cereals, thin with a linear veining, go up to 4 mm wide. Tongues obtuse, low.
Flowers in the amount of 3-5 pieces are connected into ovate spikelets of lilac or green hue, which, in turn, create a branched pyramidal inflorescence of 9-11 cm long (sometimes up to 20 cm). Almost all the spikelet husks have a constant appearance - lanceolate and pointed.The meadow grass meadow possesses such external differences. Its seeds are small, only 2-3 mm, of a trihedral shape, dark brown color, at the bottom they contain felt pubes.
The main areas of selection:
- good compactness;
- excellent seed quality for early rooting;
- small leaves;
- excellent disease resistance (such as gelmintosporioz, rust and powdery mildew).
What are the advantages of cereal?
The bluegrass meadow has a considerable number of advantages.
- Very resistant to trampling.
- It grows almost everywhere.
- Frost resistant
- Vertical leaf formation and ease of smooth cutting.
- It tolerates hot weather.
- Long time growth.
- A little need for nitrogen.
- In old lawns perfect drought tolerance.
- Wonderful color.
- Incomparable companion in solutions.
This grass is ripening like winter. In the first planting year, it is formed rather slowly and does not form generative sprouts. Abundant growth can be observed only in 3-4 year of development. Elevated rhizomes appear in early spring. The flowering stage is at the end of May and lasts two weeks.Pollination, as a rule, cross, but there is also self-pollination. Seeds ripen in the forest area in July.
The bluegrass meadow grass is a sufficiently valuable cereal for dry, clean pastures and meadows, which are sown with the collection of various forage grasses (the proportion of its content in them is 10%). Sprouting bluegrass comes on 7-8 day after the implementation of sowing. Plant germination on average is 27%, weed crops - 24%, economic suitability - 20%.
The seeds are harvested in July and August, before the start of their final ripening. All seeds are perfectly combined into small lumps due to the long cover that covers the back and sides of the seed.
Before scattering, they are cleaned through a small sieve. The meadow grass meadow is mown on hay, which has proteinaceous substances, but is not rich in water.
The plant still seems to be a nutritious food, which is happily eaten by various cattle in fresh and dry form. The average hay yield per hectare is 1.6 tons. The culture is also suitable for pastures.
Grass bluegrass for lawn
This grass loves special irrigation. Remarkably and smoothly grows after mowing.The lawn form of the plant should be mowed not lower than 2-3 cm, and meadow varieties should be no shorter than 3-4 cm. Such a meadow crop grows well in the shade.
Bluegrass is incredibly tenacious. Good weather conditions save it in grassing for more than 15 years. It is very resistant to toxic substances in the surrounding microclimate, even if it develops close to sources of contamination. However, it is vulnerable to soil acidity (the pH should exceed the norm of 5.5-6.5) and does not tolerate salinization of the earth. Maintains a long trampling. Thanks to the powerful root system, bluegrass is used for turf eroded soils.
Some lawn care rules
At first, after sowing the lawn of meadow grass requires constant watering. This should be done every day for 10 minutes. Such an event is performed before the first shoots. Then it is necessary to water depending on weather conditions. At the same time, the first month after sowing is impossible to walk on the lawn.
In the summer, when the climate is dry, it is necessary to provide a lawn with good irrigation. And in the spring time, when it will be already clear how many seeds it seemed, it is allowed to make another seeding.Also not superfluous will be carrying out top dressing and periodic fertilizer.
Compatibility with other cultures
This grass is absolutely compatible with the rest of all kinds of plants. For example, with ryegrass pasture, with red and meadow fescue, as well as white-bred and many others. For hardening and gardening slopes are advised to use in a mixture of bluegrass with red fescue. It should be noted that just these two varieties of grass combine a considerable number of features that are characteristic of a first-class lawn.
Now many people know what a bluegrass is. The description of the plant was presented in sufficient detail to make a choice in his favor for planting his lawn.