Antiquities of the past
The wheel of human history, turning, sweeps away not only cities and civilizations, but also a lot of everyday trifles. Things that two hundred years ago were basic necessities are today even unknown to most people. And those accessories, which spent a fortune, gathering dust on the museum shelves. The last few centuries have made particularly strong changes in our life and the "arsenal" of women today has become much poorer. Let's see what little things ladies have lost from their use for the recent, in terms of world history, time.
The most famous of all the old accessories, the fan is always associated in our understanding with the high society, balls and notable ladies of the Pushkin era. However, the history of this little thing is much more interesting and has been around for about 3 thousand centuries. At different times, the fan (or fan), with the same functionality, carried different meaning: it was a symbol of power among the Assyrians, a sign of nobility - among the ancient Egyptians, the embodiment of the male and female beginnings in Japan and China.In the European culture of the Middle Ages and later, it became an irreplaceable subject of seduction. The special “language of the fan” made it possible not only to encourage or reject the gentleman, but also to appoint, for example, a date for him at a certain time in a certain place. In addition, thanks to paintings and jewelery inserts, fans became real works of art. The cost of the individual was so great that they were taken in banks as collateral.
Vintage fans were real works of art.
At various times, fans made in different styles came into fashion.
In the manufacture of fans used ivory, various woods, expensive fabrics, mother of pearl, feathers of rare birds
This case for fresh flowers was in vogue in the XVIII-XIX centuries. With it, a small bouquet could be carried in the hands, without smearing the dress, or pinned to the bodice of the dress. In addition, with the help of sliding legs and coasters, the accessory quickly turned into a miniature vase. In some models it was even possible to pour water. Now this thing can be found, modified, in a wedding dress, well, in museums, in the form of jewelry delights of the past.
Fine portbooks of gold, silver and precious stones were made by the best jewelers
Today, a portbuket is a collectible and museum piece.
This extremely rational accessory has been popular since the Middle Ages and up to the 20th century. It was a special clamp, to which various useful trifles were fastened on chains: a purse, keys, a watch, a pencil, a thimble, etc. Worn this design on the belt. This was a salvation for the ladies, who did not have a woman’s handbag then. By the way, thanks to the high functionality of this little thing, she wore it not only to know, but also commoners, and both men and women. The beauty and value of materials chatelaine was a sign of belonging to a high society.
Chatelaine - a useful accessory that replaces the female handbag
Chatelaine was worn as noble ladies, and simple housewives or working women (he was very popular with nurses)
Karne (Ball book)
Balls were special events. Young debutantes usually associated their aspirations and hopes with them. And in order for the forgetful young ladies not to confuse the order of gentlemen, they took notes in a special booklet.Usually it was an elegant little thing in a precious binding with a small pencil. With the help of a chain, it was attached to a wrist or a dress. Ballbooks appeared in the 18th century in Vienna and were used until the second half of the 20th, gaining popularity both in Europe and in the USA.
Ball book. 1912
The leaves of the ball book were either paper or were ivory plates - in this case the records were erased after the ball
The ball book is an elegant accessory for fan recording.
As is known, the fleas in the old days were unpleasant inevitability for people of all classes. Special gadget, fashionable in the XV-XVI centuries and later, was a small twisting trap for insects. Inside was placed an odorous bait - a cloth soaked in honey, blood or tar. Fleas crawled inside and stuck. Such a device could be placed inside the hair, under clothing or put next to the bed. By the way, at the same time another accessory was popular, which is now known by the same name. It was a one-piece skin of a fur-bearing animal (marten or sable) with a decorative head made in the form of jewelry.There is an opinion that the fur could entice annoying parasites upon itself, but there is no confirmation of this fact. It was probably just a piece of fashion for its era.
Like any object of his era, noble fleas for the nobility were made elegantly from expensive materials.
Skins with precious heads, later also called fleas, can be seen in many portraits of women of the 15th-16th centuries.
Vinegar or vial for smelling salts
Another fact known to us about the ancient times is that the ladies at the balls constantly fainted. At the same time, they were required to “let the salt smell”. It really is. Usually in the bottle was crystalline ammonium salt, which has a pungent smell. The vials themselves were decorated, in accordance with the taste and capabilities of the owner. The box - vinegar served the same purposes, it contained a cotton wool dipped in vinegar or ammonia.
Vial for smelling salts
Vial for smelling salts
Vial for smelling salts
A vinegar box
A vinegar box
This item of intimate hygiene of women of the XVII — XVIII centuries was an attribute necessary for traveling or for long-term activities, and was, in fact, a “day vase”.Now it could be called a “duck”, although it served for standing needs. This was possible thanks to the special shape and comfortable handle. Usually this item was made of earthenware or porcelain and covered with beautiful paintings, sometimes of playful content. The maidservants most often helped slip the bastard under the skirts of the mistress.
Burdalu from the Peterhof collection is decorated with realistic paintings.