Animation - what is it? Value definition
When we hear the word “animation”, first of all, favorite cartoons come to mind, and we feel a sense of gratitude for the pleasure brought in childhood (and not only in childhood!) To the people who create them. But animation in the broad sense of the word is not only cartoons.
So what is animation? The definition of this concept throughout the world is interpreted as "revitalization". In general, the word animation is borrowed, it comes from the Latin "anima", which in translation from this dead language is the soul, and "animation", respectively, is revival, inspiration, and enthusiasm. That's what animation is, the meaning of this word, or rather.
Animation = animation?
No one would argue with the fact that animation is a type of art, a representation of movement in cartoons, in computer graphics by displaying a series of frames, alternating with a certain frequency, providing a holistic visual perception. That is, animating is an illusion, due to which one gets the impression that what is moving by itself cannot move.This impression is achieved by showing one after the other many independent drawings.
This is where the animation differs from the video, where a truly continuous movement is being filmed.
A synonym for animation is animation. This is a more familiar word for a Russian-speaking person, it was formed from the Latin "multi", which means "a lot". And this is understandable: in order for the hero to “live”, his movement must be repeated many times. How many? At least 10 frames per second.
Still, it is the definition of “animation” that more accurately reflects the modern capabilities of animated film - masters not only by drawing a sequence of pictures “enliven” the characters of their creations, but they do this by putting a part of their soul in them.
The roots of the "revitalization" of pictures go to antiquity ...
Animation - what is it, and when were the first attempts to revive the drawing? Such attempts were made by cavemen who tried to capture the movement in the Paleolithic cave paintings. They depicted animals with a lot of legs that overlap each other.In Iran, they found a vessel made of clay, on the walls of which 5 drawings of a goat are shown in motion.The age of this vessel is 5 thousand years old!
Similar drawings dating back to 2000 BC were found in Egypt.
What are not the first examples of animation?
But then the only device that could revive these drawings, showing them in motion, was the fantasy of ancient people.
For the first time such devices are mentioned in the second century of our era. Somewhere in 180 in China, Ding Huan invented a zotrop for this purpose. In the 18th century, phenacistiscope, cineograph and praxinoscope were invented. These were the first popular devices for animation. What kind of appliances?
The action of the phenakystoscope is based on the use of a set of rotating slots.The observer could see the sequence of images due to two disks, which were placed on the same axis and rotated simultaneously. On one of these disks there were gaps, on the other images were placed. The viewer looked along this axis of rotation, and the slits passed before his eyes, thanks to which he could consistently see the images from the second disk.
But the praxinoscope used rotating mirrors inside a large cylinder to revive images. Images "looked" in the direction of the mirrors.
With the help of these devices, only one viewer could see lively pictures.
The first known story is an example of showing animation recorded in 1828. He demonstrated a rotating disk, on one side of which a bird was depicted, and on the other - a cage for it, the Frenchman Paul Roghet. When moving this disc, the impression was that the bird was sitting in a cage.
In 1892, the first session of "light pantomimes" took place; it was in the optical theater of Emile Reynaud - the French inventor and artist. Raynaud made an apparatus for his theater on the basis of a zootrop, having improved it with a system of mirrors, and the inventor also connected the apparatus with a lantern. Thanks to his “magic” light, the image was shown on the screen, and many viewers could already see it at the same time.
This animation was made possible after the creation of the camera and projector by inventor Tom A. Edison.
Many historians consider the first real animator of the Englishman James Stewart Blackton, his first animated film called "Magic Drawings" was released in 1900.The animator created his masterpieces like this: he drew an image on the blackboard, then photographed it, and then erased it. And so in a circle: drew again, photographed, washed ...
Best known among animators is Walt Disney, who not only developed the technology for producing cartoons, but also created a cartoon empire.In 1923, Walt Disney released the series "Alice in the Country of Animation", which made a real revolution in animation. Then, Mickey Mouse, the duckling Donald Duck and other "cartoon" heroes, who conquered the love of the children of the whole world, appeared one by one Disney Studio for their work has received as many as 12 Oscars!
In Japan, the first animated experiments date back to 1913. And in 1932 the first animation studio was created in this country. In 1933, the first animated film appeared with sound.
In 1943, in Japan, the first full-length animated film was shot under the title "Momotaro, the sea eagle".
Ancestor of volumetric animation was the Russian director Vladislav Starevich, who was also an artist and cameraman.
On the history of animation can talk endlessly.But it's hard for us to imagine it without kind and instructive Soviet cartoons. One of the most famous - "Well, wait a minute!" This multi-part cartoon began to take off from 1969 on "Soyuzmultfilm".
When the word of the dead language was “revived”
The first time the term “animation” was used in France at the beginning of the twentieth century, when the law on the creation of associations was introduced in this country.
Then the term "animation" appeared? What does this mean? The term meant an action or activity designed to reinforce a keen interest in artistic creativity and the culture as a whole.
Already in the second half of this century, the term “animation” began to be used in several meanings. It was then that for the first time this concept was interpreted as a creative activity for the production of cartoons.
And at the end of the twentieth century, animation began to represent a separate direction of cultural leisure.
Now the reader is aware of the translation of the word "animation", the definition of the concept, the history of the creation of the first "live images." It remains to give more specific definitions of this term.
Animation - what is ...
How can this term be explained today? "Animation" - what is behind this word? There are several definitions in which the same term means different types of activities.So, animation is:
- A technology that creates the illusion of motion of motionless inanimate objects. The most famous form of this technology is animation. She achieves this effect through a series of hand-drawn images.
- Organization of leisure at various events, including at children's parties, in children's health camps, in hotels. The direction of leisure, which involves the direct participation of the guests themselves in public events. Joint action with the organizers implies an increase in vitality and inspiration of people taking part in it.
The value of the animation is hard to overestimate. And as a synonym for animation, and as a form of organization of leisure, animation is designed to give people joy and revive them spiritually.