Animals of the Red Book of the Krasnoyarsk Territory - a list, features and interesting facts
Krasnoyarsk Territory is the most diverse region in natural resources. Because it stretches from north to south about 3000 kilometers. It included a large area beyond the north with tundra, taiga, forest-steppe, steppe, as well as the mountain system with its high-altitude zone. On the territory of the region the great river flows from south to north - the Yenisei with numerous large tributaries. It is impossible to know the entire Krasnoyarsk Territory without driving along it, because it is so diverse. Cape Chelyuskin - the northernmost point of Eurasia - is located here. Here is the geographical center of the Russian Federation.
Relief and climate
The relief is extremely diverse: lowlands, plains, plateaus and mountains.
The climate is more continental. It is characterized by hot summer and frosty winter. In the middle of the winter is not so frosty.And in the north - long and harsh. In the mountains, up to 1000 mm of precipitation falls annually, the rest of the area is much less.
Based on such heterogeneity of natural conditions, one can imagine how diverse the world of living nature is. However, the taiga occupies the largest area: 70% of the territory. Fir, cedar, spruce grow here. The northern territory is characterized by stunted vegetation. The tundra is dominated by mosses and lichens. And in the south, forest-steppe was mostly plowed up for agricultural land. The mountains of the Sayan Mountains are untouched nature with the purest water bodies.
The fauna is very rich in species diversity. Each natural belt is inhabited by its own characteristic living organisms. Representatives of Siberian, European and Chinese fauna live here. Among insects bark beetles and wood borers are especially noticeable. They annually eat 8,000 hectares of coniferous forest. There are also many ants in the taiga, there are bees. And in the steppe part there are many locusts.
Fish of more than 50 species: crucian carp, carp, perch, grayling, taimi, salmon, loach, valuable commercial species - lenok, burbot, tench. The region is also famous for omul, smelt, pike, sturgeon, cod.
Almost 400 species of birds nest here: black-necks, lapwings, mallards, loonies, woodpeckers, storks, wild geese, loons, swallows, petrels - the species list of birds common in the region is very diverse.
From mammals a lot of squirrels, foxes, hares, the number of brown bears is growing. In the north - lemmings, foxes, walruses. In the south - marals, musk-deer, voles, lynxes. In the mountains - mountain sheep, snow leopards, bears.
In addition to widespread inhabitants, there are rare representatives who need the help of environmentalists. A total of 635 species of animals and plants of the Red Book of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. This is quite a lot.
We consider the rarest animals from the Red Book of the Krasnoyarsk Territory.
Lenok - Brachymystax lenok. Siberian Trout is also called this species. Freshwater representative of fast currents. Rapid currents in the upper reaches of rivers. He likes cold water. Young fish keeps flocks, adult - one at a time. Lenok is a predatory fish. The fry consume zooplankton, then move on to the larvae of mayflies, spring fishes, dragonflies. They can eat small mollusks, worms. All this they collect from the bottom of the river. Fry of other species of fish are also eaten.Lenok is an animal of the Red Book of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. However, its catch is prohibited only in a certain period.
Saker Falcon - Falco cherrug. It lives in the mountains and in the steppe. The numbers are low everywhere. Listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation. It feeds on rodents and birds, which can be caught both in the air and on the ground. “Saker Falcon” may be translated from Turkic languages as “strong man”, “wrestler”. Tamed birds are still used for hunting other large birds. For example, on bustard. Admire her hunting abilities, agility. Its number is currently falling. There are about 30 thousand individuals.
Red wolf - Cuon alpinus. Perhaps in the region no longer occurs. And only randomly visited individuals remained in Russia. No permanent resident red wolf is registered. Look at the animal of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, listed in the Red Book, it is possible in the Moscow Zoo. In the Pleistocene, a larger subspecies of the red wolf was about the size of the modern gray wolf. The red wolf has now disappeared in many states. In some places preserved in sufficient quantities (India, Iran). It lives in the mountains up to 4 km above sea level.It can descend to the foot of the mountains, but always lives near the rocks, where it shelters. For the sake of tracking down prey, it sometimes goes into open spaces — steppes and deserts. It hunts mostly for ungulates: mountain goats, antelopes, roes, deer, marals. It catches rodents and lizards. These animals of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, listed in the Red Book, are also included in the IUCN.
Red deer, maral - Cervus elaphus sibiricus. It dwells in the mountains of forest and forest-steppe zones of mountain belts. The number falls due to the trade of wolves. Poaching is a smaller percentage, but it also has a negative value. The winters with little snow have a positive effect on the increase in the number of individuals.
The large hoofed animals of the Red Book of the Krasnoyarsk Territory are the Siberian mountain goat - Capra sibirica. From the domestic goat differs more slender, muscular body. Males from females - longer horns. In the region, most likely, no longer occurs. However, in other regions of the Russian Federation and neighboring states, the number of ibex does not cause concern. Livestock can fall only because of excessive production by humans. Traces of Capricorns are poorly understood, which can cause incorrect counting of individuals. Goats adhere to rocky terrain.They try to avoid thick snow cover, as it is difficult for them to move around and there is a danger of being caught by a wolf.
Arkhar - Ovis ammon. Mountain sheep are animals of the Red Book of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, however, in this region, most likely, they no longer occur. In the Russian Federation, the species is close to vulnerable. They live in the mountains, but prefer open areas of mountainous terrain, covered with grass. Vertical migration is characteristic of mountain sheep. In winter, they descend to places where there is grass cover, and in summer they go up into the mountains, to alpine meadows. The number falls due to poaching, as well as due to grazing livestock on the same pastures where the argali would graze. Reducing the wealth of grass vegetation and grazing sites themselves inhibits the possibility of breeding mountain sheep.
The northern deer (forest subspecies) - Rangifer tarandus valentinae also belongs to the animals of the Red Book of the Krasnoyarsk Territory and the Russian Federation. The number of reindeer subspecies is declining. The reasons are different: recreation, development of mountain ranges, the development of transport and the construction of settlements, poaching. At the moment, the number is at a critical level.
Northern Finale - Balaenoptera physalus physalus. Only 2 or 3 subspecies. The number of individuals of all subspecies is small. These are large (usually more than 20 meters long) animals of the Red Book of the Krasnoyarsk Territory and the Russian Federation. Breed in winter in temperate and subtropical latitudes. In summer, they feed on krill and fish closer to the northern and southern polar circle. However, at the equator there are no subspecies of the northern and southern finvals, because while in the northern hemisphere it is summer, in the southern hemisphere it is winter. There was a time when the number of animals decreased to 5 thousand individuals due to fishing. Hunting was banned, now there are about 55 thousand Finvals on the globe. This is still not enough for our huge planet.
The list of animals of the Red Book of the Krasnoyarsk Territory is very long. Listed here are some representatives who need emergency assistance from a human conservationist. Each species is unique. In our hands is the future of the planet. The reliability of the balance of the biosphere depends on the richness of flora and fauna, on the diversity of living organisms.