Andrey Fayt: films and biography of the actor
This artist is one of the few in his profession who has refined manners and a noble appearance. However, in the Soviet cinema (in which for many years the main positive characters could only be peasants or workers), he could get only one role - the villain. We are talking about such an unsurpassed master of reincarnation as Veit Andrew. This actor during his 50-year career has played more than 80 characters, most of whom were antagonists. How was the fate of this talented film actor?
The ancestors of Andrei Andreevich Vayt moved to the Russian Empire back in 1812, fleeing Napoleon. In the new homeland, they quickly settled down, taking up trade and organizing the merchant artel "Herman and Maurice: the Feith brothers."
The father of the future actor - Andrei Yulievich Faith, chose another profession - he became a doctor. In his spare time, the man led a group of the People’s People, and later joined the socialist party.
Fate’s political activism soon turned into a rather tense relationship with the authorities and even several arrests. After one of them, Andrey Yulievich was exiled to Chita, and his no less progressive wife, Anna Nikolaevna, was forced to move with her son to Nizhny Novgorod and wait there for her husband to return from exile. It was here that the future artist Feit Andrei Andreevich was born.
After the revolution in 1905, the position of the Feith family became even more precarious. Andrei Yulievich was again arrested and sentenced to exile in Siberia. Then the resourceful doctor, using his connections, escaped from arrest and, together with his wife and two sons (the youngest of whom was barely 2 years old), moved to France.
Andrey Fayt: a biography of his early years
Faytham had a chance to live in a foreign country for several years, and young Andrei even managed to go to a local gymnasium. Later, Anna Nikolaevna and her sons were able to return home. In Russia, she became a sanitary doctor at a school and worked in this position until her death in 1929.
But Andrei Yulievich, because of his disagreements with the law, remained in France for some time. Since the beginning of the First World War, he went as a medic to the front (as part of the French army), and later organized training courses for all who wish to master the nursing profession.
After the revolution, Feith managed to return to his homeland and reunite with his family. However, the house of Andrei Yulievich was disappointed, the fault of which was his younger son, who decided to become an artist. By the way, precisely because of his father's disapproval, the young man changed his last name from Feith to Veit.
However, it will be a little later, but at first young Andrei Veit (then Faith) was not interested in the career of an actor, since he was a simple Petersburg schoolboy. In 1918, due to problems with food, heating, and teachers, classes in schools were held quite rarely. Having a lot of free time, Andrew with classmates decided to organize their own circle: "Ke-Ke-Si" ("The Chamber Circle of Free Art"). Its members wrote poems, composed music and painted pictures.
Once they themselves staged the play “The Ark of the Magnificent Degenerates” in which the future artist got the unenviable role of the villain. The young man played his character so realistically that the spectators of the first row moved away from the stage in horror. Encouraged by this rather peculiar success, the guy was determined to become an actor.
Years of study
Despite the humanitarian mentality and aspirations of his son, Andrei Yulievich forced him after school to enter the Institute of Engineers of the Red Air Fleet.Here, the future artist “marinated” for almost 2 years, during which he clearly realized that being an engineer was not his vocation. After this period, Andrei Fayt dropped out of school and, on the advice of his cousin, went to study acting at a private studio, O. I. Preobrazhenskaya.
When Feit turned 20, he entered the Moscow Film School (on the basis of which VGIK was later opened), in the class of Lev Kuleshov.
Andrew Veit: films of the era of silent films
At that time, almost all movies were mute, so students were taught to play with gestures and facial expressions. Perhaps it was this school that subsequently helped Feit to become such a bright actor who could play his character without using words.
He began to act while he was studying in 1924. His first film was the agitational “Golubins Mansion,” in which Fait played Azangulova. The officer's bearing of the artist and his manner of keeping himself even in this small role helped to attract attention. Now, an inexperienced VGIK student has often been invited to star. At first, his hero was a white officer in the Bande Batko Knysh, then a typesetter in The Battleship Potemkin. And after the painting “The Death Ray”, in which Andrei Veit first played a spy, his role as a villain was firmly established.
On the one hand, playing negative characters is not the most pleasant thing, because it does not bring any glory, no awards, or spectator love. On the other hand, cinema villains constantly provided Veit with work. And when in 1927 he graduated from GITIS and was distributed to the Theater-Studio of a film actor, the graduate had already had 7 films and a lot of proposals from the best directors of the country.
However, soon a serious threat called “sound cinema” hung over the artist's popularity.
The appearance of sound in the cinema of the 30s became a problem for film actors who are not used to playing with text. The fact is that many of them, with their spectacular appearance, had a very inexpressive voice. Fortunately for Andrei Veit, he had a pleasant timbre and had a well developed speech. Having played a lustful Prussian officer superbly in his last silent film “Pyshka”, he began to play sound pictures with no less success.
The villainous appearance of the artist helped him to get the role of not only White Guards (Lieutenant Colonel Skuratov in Thirteen, pilot of imperial aviation in Deep Raid, an officer in Salavat Yulaev) ).
In the new - the fourth - the decade of the XX century.The artist entered without fear of tomorrow, but the Great Patriotic War made Veit restrain his optimism.
Like many artists, he and his wife and children were evacuated to the East. Most of his colleagues began touring at the front, supporting tired soldiers. But the artist did not follow their example. The reason was his villainous appearance, known throughout the country. With such a face it was difficult to get lost in the crowd, but it was easy to run into a bullet of a Soviet soldier who was used to seeing Feith as an enemy. Moreover, since the beginning of the war, Andrei Andreevich played fascists in many tapes and film collectors, since the suit had been sitting on him like a glove, and he had easily spoken German since childhood.
In these difficult years, the actor was shot a lot (“Sea Hawk”, “Iron Angel”, “Forest Brothers”, “Young Partisans”, “Lermontov”, “Malakhov Kurgan”, “Golden Path”), but the earned money was barely enough to feed the family. Therefore, he had to perform with concerts in the evacuation, where artists were given products as payment.
The main fascist and fabulous villain of the post-war movie
After the Victory in 1945Veit and his family returned to Moscow. As in past years, he was again in demand. True, now he got the majority of the roles of foreigners (“The collapse of the Emirate”, “On distant shores”, “Northern Tale”, “Stronger than a hurricane”, “The incoming world”, “Shot in the fog”, “Moscow-Genoa”) Germans ("Young Guard", "Meeting on the Elbe", "Battle of Stalingrad", "Star", "History Lesson", "The End of" Saturn ", etc.).
Once the actor even tried out for the role of Dzerzhinsky, but the commission rejected Andrei Andreyevich because he was perceived by the audience as a spy.
The actor also starred in many roles of fairytale villains who were especially good at him. Starting even before the war with Row's tape “By Pike”, he played in such tales as “The Kingdom of Curved Mirrors”, “Fire, Water and ... Copper Tubes”, “The Little Mermaid”, “Treasure Island” and “Aladdin's Magic Lamp” .
Andre Fayt didn’t do anything with his antagonist role. After all, all his villains were intelligent and noble, which emphasized the merits of the main character, who managed to defeat such a strong opponent. The artist thought over each of his character to the smallest detail and rewarded him with a unique prehistory.Thus, the Magribinets from the Aladdin's Magic Lamp is fundamentally different from Nushrok from the Kingdom of Curved Mirrors, and some viewers had no idea that both of them were played by the same actor.
In the last decade of his life, despite his age, Veit continued to roll a lot. Although he had heart problems, he kept himself in great shape.
At this time, he managed to finally get rid of the image of the antagonist, pursuing him throughout his creative life. Now his heroes were people of different professions: servant (“Old House”, “Crown of the Russian Empire, or Again Elusive”), pirate (“Treasure Island”), abbot (“Tale about how Tsar Peter arap married”) and even aged lottery ticket seller ("Diamond Hand").
In these years, Andrei Veit unexpectedly received the only opportunity in his life to play the main positive character in the film “Potter’s Circle”. His character - the old potter Bolotnikov - turned out so touching and simple that not only the audience, but many cinematographers did not recognize Feit.
The last role of the artist was a scientist in the movie "The Escape of Mr. McKinley."By a sad coincidence, the name of the actor was not even indicated in the credits.
Andrei Andreevich died in January 1976 and was buried at the Novodevichy cemetery in Moscow, near the graves of his father and mother.
By his nature, Andre Fayt (photo, see the article) was a very reserved man. Some believe that this is due to his arrest during his student youth. Then the guy spent a week in the Cheka, and came out thanks to the intercession of Maxim Gorky's wife, who was friends with Fayt’s parents. That's only after his return, he completely changed.
Perhaps because of this sad experience, Veit never asked anything from the authorities and lived on labor income alone, that is, very modestly. His main achievement in material terms was the acquisition of a separate apartment.
Despite his isolation and the role of the villain, Andrei Andreevich was a very charming man, but rarely let someone close to him. In relations with women, he was very gallant, because of what he liked many, but never was a lovelace.
While studying at the film school, the artist met with student Galina Kravchenko. Together with her and another classmate, Yevgeny Chervyakov, they created the Kravcherfate group and performed at various eventsand also founded the tradition of "skitters" in VGIK.
In 1928, Veit married Galina. However, this union lasted only 2 years, after which the couple divorced because of the novel Kravchenko with the pilot Alexander Kamenev.
The second wife was Maria Brilling. This marriage lasted longer than the first, but also not for long. The reason for this is the early death of Maria Nikolaevna. But in this union the children were born to the actor. Of these, only Julius Veit (b. 1937) followed in his father’s footsteps, who became a successful director.
Some time after the death of his wife, Andrei Andreevich married again, however, little is known about the fate of his new lover.
- Andre Fayt spoke good in 5 languages, but he always denied this in the summary. Probably, he was afraid to raise unnecessary questions to his completely non-proletarian origin.
- In his youth, Veit was also fond of writing poems. Being in “Ke-Ke-Si”, he, on behalf of his circle, spoke with imagistists, where he met Sergey Yesenin, Anatoly Mariengof, Vadim Shershenevich and other poets. Also, the young man published a small collection of poems "Cascades of Passion."
- The artist was the 37th graduate of VGIK.
- Andrei Andreevich his entire adult life involved in sports and kept himself in excellent physical shape. However, the shooting never performed tricks, because he believed that it was not his job.