An essay about the climatic zones in which the Atlantic Ocean is located
Since ancient times, occupies an important place in European culture. Actually, it received its name from the light hand of Herodotus, who used in his works the myth of Atlanta, holding on its shoulders the sky to the west of Greece. But at the level of development of Greek science of that time, it was impossible to reliably know in which climatic zones the Atlantic Ocean is located.
From the Arctic to Antarctica
All the huge variety of climatic zones and the biological richness of the ocean is due to the fact that it has a huge length along the meridian from north to south. The extreme northern point of the ocean is in the subarctic belt, and the southern reaches the shores of Antarctica.
You can definitely say in which climatic zones the Atlantic Ocean is located: it is subarctic, temperate, subtropical, tropical and subequatorial.
It is worth noting that the only belt not represented on the ocean is equatorial. This is due to the fact that the main qualities of this belt can only manifest on land.
Atlantic Ocean. General information, climate
All well-known historical seas, such as the Mediterranean, Baltic and Black, with all their bays and straits, belong to the system of the Atlantic Ocean.
The generally accepted designation of the northern boundary of the ocean passes through the entrance to the Hudson Bay and the southern coast of Greenland up to Scandinavia. The line of demarcation from the Indian is an imaginary straight line stretched from Cape Agul'ny to the coast of Antarctica. The Atlantic is separated from the Pacific by the sixty-eighth meridian.
However, not only the vast extent of the ocean from south to north has an impact on the climate above its surface. The undercurrents and movements of the air flow are also important. This means that it is important not only in which climatic zones the Atlantic Ocean is located, but also what is the weather in the neighboring regions.
Above the surface of the ocean and its coast there is a pronounced seasonal variability of weather — in summertime, there are strong tropical hurricanes and heavy rains.Forming at the western coast, strong hurricanes move to the west, reaching the coast of Western Europe in the region of Portugal and Ireland.
In addition, the exchange of water masses with the Arctic and Southern oceans has a strong influence on weather variations.
Characteristics of the Atlantic Ocean. Bottom geography
Consider this important question. The climatic zones in which the Atlantic Ocean is located affects the structure of the ocean floor, especially its coastal part, which is rich in relict deposits associated with the confluence of rivers, which brought biological debris and other organic matter from the continent. Later, when the water level in the Atlantic changed, the beds of these rivers were flooded and this had a decisive influence on the formation of the shelf of the European continent.
The richness of the southern coastal waters of the ocean contributes to the formation of a large number of coral reefs.
Ecology and pollution
Regardless of the climatic zones in which the Atlantic Ocean is located, human activity sometimes has a devastating effect on it. In recent decades, aquatic ecosystems have been seriously tested, which is associated with more intensive navigation, flooding of hazardous waste and frequent oil spills.