American Eskimo Spitz: description of the breed, nature, conditions of detention, training
The American Eskimo Spitz is a small but very beautiful dog that attracts the attention of passersby. It is ideal for apartment maintenance, but if necessary it can live in an aviary.
Brief historical background
Homeland of these dogs is considered to be North America. Their ancestors - the German Spitz - were brought there by settlers. If in Europe the white dog was a marriage and was not allowed to breed, then in America of these animals purposefully formed a new breed.
For a long time, the Eskimo Spitz did not receive widespread acceptance. The turning point came after the end of the First World War. It was then that they began to actively use in the circus, and viewers often left the show, having bought such a puppy.
In 1996, the AKC officially registered this breed, including it in an unsportsmanlike group. Since then, she has become increasingly popular. Despite the widespread fame and love of ordinary owners, these dogs have not yet received the recognition of other world canine organizations.
American Eskimo Spitz: breed description
They are quite strong animals with a slightly elongated body and a straight broad back. The muzzle of the described dogs visually resembles a fox. On a small proportional head, there are triangular erect ears and dark brown or black almond-shaped eyes. The “faceted” nose of the spitz slightly protrudes ahead of the jaw box. His ear color is exclusively black. The presence of any other hue is considered marriage.
The American Eskimo Spitz has a strong square-shaped body and a moderately deep chest with elongated ribs. The dog’s shoulder girdle is slightly wider than the croup. Smooth back with well-developed muscles smoothly flows into a strong pelvis and ends with a tail twisted into a ring.
Under the proportional torso are smooth limbs with flexible, visually not standing joints. These dogs have well developed thigh muscles.The elbows and knees of the animal are parallel to the body.
The height of an adult individual does not exceed 30 centimeters, and its weight varies from 2.5 to 4.5 kilograms.
Wool and allowable colors
Fur is a real decoration and pride of the named dogs. It is very thick, warm and waterproof. It is precisely because of the presence of such a coat that the American Eskimo Spitz can live not only in the house, but also on the street.
Soft fluffy wool forms a kind of collar on the chest and neck of the animal. It helps to keep warm and reliably protects it from rain. The doggie's tail and “pants” are covered with longer hair. On the face and legs there is a very short fur.
The coat of representatives of this breed should look complete and harmonious. It is important that it does not distort the proportions of the canine body. As for the color, it can be snow-white or with a creamy shade. All other colors are considered marriage.
Spitz breed: character
Eski - very kind, playful and mobile dogs. They are able to become best friends for all family members. American spitz is always burs and fun. They never refuse the proposed game.These animals are devoted to their owners and try to please them. Properly educated dog gets along well with children, but can show aggression towards its fellows.
This energetic and quick-witted white dog is very wary of strangers, but, having become better acquainted with a new person, he easily accepts his circle. In addition, the Spitz requires early socialization and training for people. Angry, cowardly, hyperactive or nervous animals are barred from breeding.
It should be noted that the conditions of the Eskimo Spitz are not much different from those required by other dogs. This medium-sized dog ideally adapts to life in a city apartment and does not cause too much trouble to its owners.
Since the spitz has a luxurious thick hair, it must be regularly brushed. It is desirable to do this at least three times a week. Otherwise, the animal's fur will begin to stray in clumps and lose its attractive appearance. In addition, the American Eskimo Spitz has a sensitive skin. Therefore, it is recommended to bathe it no more than twice a year.In this case, it is strictly forbidden to use shampoos intended for people.
In order to avoid the development of dermatitis, the dog should be regularly treated from external parasites. About once a month, the animal needs to cut its claws. No less demanding attention and ears Spitz. They are desirable to constantly check for the presence of infection, provoking the beginning of the inflammatory process.
You need to train a dog immediately, as soon as a puppy of American Eskimo spitz appeared in your house. Training a dog will take a certain amount of time, and how successful the results will be depends on the perseverance and patience of the owners.
It should be noted that Eski is easy to learn. They love praise and approval from the owner. It is necessary to train representatives of this breed regularly, showing at the same time the maximum hardness. It is extremely important to socialize a puppy in time. This should be done at an early age. Otherwise you will get an aggressive animal.
By the way, spitz have a very subtle sense of smell, so they are often used at customs to search for drugs.
These lapdogs can be excellent companions. Paradoxically, but if you wish, you can bring up a reliable guard and security guard from the American Eskimo Spitz.
These are very active and cheerful dogs. Despite the relatively small size, they require great physical exertion. So that the dog could throw out the accumulated energy, it should be a long walk with him. Without exercise, supporting the tone, the Eskimo spitz will begin to gain excess weight. Without long walks in the park, the dog may get bored and spoil the furniture.
A dog living in a house must be constantly busy with something. Representatives of this breed are happy to take part in active games and love to frolic in the snow. They rejoice with equal force in walks on a leash in the host society, and free jogging in the nearest forest planting.
Propensity to disease
These beautiful animals have good health. But, like any other dogs, they are prone to certain diseases. Most often, American Eskimo spitz suffer from progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts.
White dogs with blue eyes are often blind. In addition, Eski has very thin dry skin, so they are more likely to have dermatitis than other representatives of other breeds.
Dysplasia of the hip joints is a genetic disease that is also susceptible to the American Eskimo (eski). Nurseries in which representatives of this breed are bred must check the producers for the presence of this problem. Dogs that have been diagnosed with dysplasia are not used for breeding purposes.
The Eskimo Spitz - beautiful and energetic animals, quickly adapting to urban conditions. Despite the fact that they were not officially recognized in most of the world canine organizations, they continue to delight their owners and arouse the admiration of others. Properly educated puppy will be an excellent companion and a great companion for long walks.
Like any other animal, these dogs have several significant drawbacks. The main disadvantages are possible aggression in relation to other dogs, the need for careful grooming and a tendency to various diseases. In addition, the spitz bark a lot.Therefore, it is very important to wean them from this bad habit from puppyhood.