A sailboat is a fish that swims the fastest of all fish in the world. Fishing, description, speed
Sailboat - fish from the family of sailboats. The unit in which this fish belongs consists of only two species. One of the representatives of perciformes lives in the second - in the west and in the central part of the Pacific Ocean.
The back of the fish is black with a blue tide. The brown-blue sides of the fish are decorated with blue specks. The belly of the fish is white, cast in silver. The main fin is blue with black patches. The tail and other fins are black with stripes of blue.
Sailboat - fish of huge size - up to 2 meters young individuals and more than 3 meters - adult males. Her weight reaches 100 kilograms. This fish is quite rare. In addition to rarity, it moves very fast and is beautiful. Obviously, this fish is distinguished from others by a dorsal fin, in shape and structure resembling a sail.This fin begins from the neck of the fish and runs almost the entire length of the back. Immediately behind it is a small second fin, similar in shape to the second anal. Meanwhile, the anal fins of various sizes - the first one is slightly higher than the second, has a notch on the back. The pectoral fins are closer to the bottom of the fish, while the pelvic fins located nearby have a considerable length.
Sailboat - a predatory fish, very active. The average speed of this type is about 100 kilometers per hour. The highest recorded speed of a sailfish is 174 kilometers per hour.
When moving at such a speed, the fin would have prevented the fish from moving. But nature provides a special notch in which the fish can fold their “sail”. Similarly, the ventral and anal fins are removed. With sudden turns, they can rise sharply. Often these fish drift near the sea surface with their fins flattened out, their sails resembling small yachts in the open ocean.
A similar speed of movement of the fish is achieved due to the unique structure of the body and through the use of turbulence.This method of movement caused the absence of a swim bladder in the body of a sailboat, because at high speeds it will only interfere, preventing gas exchange.
This inhabitant of the ocean moves with the help of wave-like movements of the body, concentrated at the tail. For this reason, the tail fin consists of planes located almost perpendicular to the body. The lack of buoyancy of the sailfish-fish is compensated by the efforts of the muscles and the asymmetrical body. It is the unique structure of the body that enables these fish to be the fastest inhabitants of the ocean.
Small flocks of small fish swimming in the upper layers of the ocean become prey for sailboats that can move quite quickly. It can be mackerel, anchovy, crustaceans and similar sea dwellers.
Helps in catching prey and peak on the head, with which the sailfish pierces it. The high speed of movement makes available a fish stall, which is reminiscent of cheetah tactics. The life of this fish is completely dependent on movement, since it is a determining factor when harvesting food.
Sometimes fish of this species can hunt together, driving prey for a whole family of sailboats.A sailfish, whose description is easy to find, looks incredibly impressive when it flies out of the water with a fully open fin reaching 1.5 meters in height.
Sailboat fish breed in equatorial warm waters for two months a year: August and September. During the spawning period, one female lays up to 100 million eggs. However, most of these embryos die. First, caviar, then fry are eaten by large predators. Sailboats - disgusting parents, they are not at all interested in the fate of the offspring, they do not feed or care for fry. However, the amount of caviar fully covers this irresponsible attitude to the descendants.
During the first year, the fry grow into individuals up to 2 meters long. Despite the fact that there are fish up to 100 kilograms, most of the caught sailboats do not exceed 25 kilograms.
Fishing for sailfish is strictly controlled. The reason for this is that it is in the Red Book. All fish caught from a sporting interest must be released back into the sea. Sport hunting for this species is an elite sport. Seasoned fishermen cherish the dream of once catching a sailfish.All caught individuals are photographed and released.
Yet to catch a sailboat is very difficult. Before you catch any of the individuals will have to thoroughly try. Like many animals, this fish is capable of almost everything for the sake of its freedom. She can jump out of the water and make long jumps - more than 8 meters, pulling the fisherman with her. All this needs to be considered before you go fishing.
To find out exactly what a sailfish looks like, just look in the Red Book. There you can not only find her images, but also find the largest representatives, learn about speed records set by this type.
The most curious fact, of course, is the ability to move as fast as a sailfish does.
In addition, as already mentioned, this fish does not have a swim bladder. This gives her the opportunity to move with the necessary speed and makes it unique among other species.
Ernest Hemingway was very fond of fishing a sailboat. At one time he was able to catch several copies, differing in significant size. Nowadays, in Havana, fishing competitions are held every year in memory of Hemingway.
For the survival of this species of fish, the protection of the animal world in general and the sea in particular is extremely important, since any changes in the natural habitat can lead to disastrous consequences. At present, this species of fish has been studied rather poorly, because it does not have a permanent habitat, and it is rather difficult to observe it. Even the fact that the fish is listed in the Red Book does not exclude the possibility of its complete extinction in the not very distant future. And that is why each of us must do everything in order to preserve the natural habitat in the form in which it will be suitable for living species.