A brief biography of Hemingway. Interesting Facts
When the grandfather presented a gun to a 12-year-old Ernest, the old Indian woman, seeing the object in the boy’s hands, warned him to be more careful with him, since such toys tend to shoot at their own owners. These words became prophetic, 50 years later what happened. But before the writer Hemingway puts a gun to his head, he will be in several accidents and catastrophes, will receive numerous injuries and bruises, hundreds of mortar debris in the war and even nearly burn out on a hunt from a forest fire, but will remain alive.
Ernest Hemingway: Biography
Nobel Prize winner, American literary critic Ernest Miller Hemingway was born in Chicago Oak Park on July 21, 1899. Hemingway's biography tells us that his father, Clarence Edmont, worked as a doctor, his mother, Grace Hall, was a housewife and mostly looked after the children. My father wanted his son to become a medical worker too. Little Ernest loved to read, he was a great erudite, knew the work of Darwin and adored historical literature.Mom took him to church choir on Sundays and taught him to play the cello, but his talents for music didn’t wake up.
Every summer, the family went to the Windmir Country Cottage on Lake Boulder. There the children were given complete freedom from school. In 1911, a teenage grandfather, Erdest, whom he adored and kept the most pleasant memories of him in life, presented him with a single-barreled gun. And his father taught his son to use it and addicted to hunting. Ernest devoted to hunting and his father a lot of his stories. The personality of a father who will end his life by suicide will excite the writer all his life.
The path to glory
The future writer will grow up healthy and strong, he will be engaged in football and boxing. His writing debut will take place in the school print edition of the Tablet. First, it will be the story "The Court of Manitou" with Indian folklore, and then the story "It's all about skin color" about dirty commerce in boxing. At first, Hemingway will write mostly sports reports, but then he will take some annoying gossip notes in the local newspaper Oak Park, and very soon realize that he wants to become a writer.
Biography Hemingway further reports that after school he will leave for Kansas City and become a reporter for emergencies of the publishing house The Kansas City Star.Leaving for various incidents, he will try to understand the motives of human actions every time, here his habit of being aware of all events will be formed. From here and forges his literary style Hemingway. His biography further contains very interesting facts about the war.
In World War I, Hemingway would very much want to go to the front in Italy, but he would be denied due to poor eyesight. However, then all the same he will be taken to the Red Cross by the driver. He will always rush to the front. Hemingway’s biography contains the surprising fact that on July 8, 1918, the volunteer Ernest, pulling a wounded Italian sniper out of the fire, would fall under heavy fire from mortars and machine guns. 26 splinters will be removed from his body in the hospital and will count about two hundred wounds. In Milan, he will be operated on, where the broken kneecap will be replaced with an aluminum prosthesis.
In 1919, on January 21, Ernest Hemingway will return home to the USA as a real hero, about which all central newspaper publications will write. He will be awarded a medal "For Valor" and the Military Cross. Then the writer will say that he was a big fool, because, going to this war,he mistakenly thought that all this was a big sport between two teams.
Hemingway himself will write about this himself. The writer's biography also indicates that later, on his return, he will heal wounds for a whole year and live with his family. Then he will move to Toronto, return to journalism and start publishing in the Canadian newspaper Toronto Star. First, in his articles, he will make fun of the snobbery and prejudices of Americans, but then he will go to more serious articles about the war, useless veterans and the bureaucracy.
Then the writer will have a conflict with his mother, who wants her son to treat life as an adult. Ernest Hemingway will not be able to put up with this onslaught. A biography of him will describe that he will take his things from the parental home and will move to Chicago. But he will continue to collaborate with Toronto Star by sending his articles there.
In 1921, on September 3, he married the pianist Hadley Richardson and left for Paris, the city of his dreams. They will live there in a small, cozy apartment, but without hot water and sewage. Ernest will have to work hard to ensure the normal existence of their families and the opportunity to travel. In 1923, they will have a son, Jack.
In general, the writer will be married four times, and he will have three children.In the second marriage, the sons of Patrick and Gregory will be born to Paulina Pfeiffer.
In 1923, he met with the mistress of the bookshop Sylvia Beach and, often visiting her, closer to the Parisian bohemian. Then his fate will be reduced to Gertrude Stein, who will advise him to quit working in the newspaper and become an independent writer.
In 1926, after the publication of the novel "And the Sun Rises", real glory will come to Hemingway. His collections with the stories “The Winner Gets Nothing,” “Men Without Women,” “Murderers”, “Kilimanjaro Snows”, etc. will be printed. But most readers will remember it from the novel “Farewell to Arms” (1929), which describes the story of two people in love during the First World War.
The topic “Hemingway: biography, creativity” is very interesting, to think only how much one person could survive.
In the 1930s, the writer returned to the United States, in the state of Florida, and settled in Key West. He begins to travel a lot to Cuba and the Bahamas on his yacht and writes new stories that diverge in large editions. Here will be his happiest years. Today a museum has been created in his house, in which a great number of admirers of his talent still come. But the fascinating biography of Hemingway does not end there.
On the edge of the abyss
One day, the writer will end up in a serious car accident where he suffers a head injury, numerous bruises and fractures. It will take more than half a year, and again the brave and courageous Hemingway will be in the ranks. The biography briefly describes all these tragic events, but one can imagine what hard times the writer has experienced and how much has been waiting for him.
In 1932, he will write a work “Death in the Afternoon” about a bullfight, which has become a bestseller. In 1933, the compilation "The Winner Gets Nothing" will be released; he will go on his fee to travel around Africa. Returning from there a year later, he will develop amoebic dysentery. His health is undermined, he will rave, the body is almost dehydrated. His plane will be taken to an English hospital, and only after that he will recover. He describes his impressions of Africa in his book Green Hills of Africa (1935).
"For whom the Bell Tolls"
In 1937, the writer will create the book "To have and not to have" about the Great Depression in the United States. At the same time, the civil war in Spain will flare up. Hemingway is going to go there to cover the events. He will play for the Republicans and go with the film crew to shoot the documentary "The Land of Spain", where he becomes a screenwriter.
In difficult wartime he is in Madrid, where he will create a play “The Fifth Column” about counterintelligence. And here he will meet Antoine de Saint-Exupery, Hans Kale and Martha Gellhorn, an American journalist who will become his third wife. He will describe all the impressions of this war in the novel For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940), which became one of his most famous novels.
Returning to the topic “Ernest Hemingway: A Brief Biography”, it is necessary to note that in 1941 the writer will go to Baltimore, there he will buy a large sea boat “Pilar” and go fishing.
In Cuba in 1941-1943, Ernest will engage in counterintelligence against Nazi spies. On his boat, he will chase the German submarines in the Caribbean. Then he will leave for London to continue working as a journalist.
In 1944, Ernest Hemingway will take part in combat missions in the skies over Germany. In Normandy, he will participate in the reconnaissance mission, and then he will lead a detachment of 200 French partisans fighting for Paris, Alsace, Belgium, etc.
In 1949, he will go to live in Cuba, where he will work a lot. In 1952 he will write his famous work "The Old Man and the Sea". In a year, he will receive the Pulitzer Prize for him.This work will push him to receive the Nobel Prize in 1954. In 1956, he will start working on his autobiographical book, The Holiday That Is Always With You, but it will come into circulation only after the death of the writer.
Ernest Hemingway: biography, life story
He still loves to travel, and in 1953 gets into a plane crash. In 1960 he returned from Cuba to the United States in Idaho, in the town of Ketchum. By this time, Hemingway will begin to suffer from serious illnesses, including cirrhosis of the liver, diabetes and hypertension. He will start to fall into depression, he will be tormented by paranoia, he will begin to feel that he is being watched by secret agents everywhere. And in this he will be partially right - the FBI will declassify this fact and confirm it later.
He will begin to be treated in all modern methods of psychiatry. After a dozen electroconvulsive therapies, the writer will lose his memory. He will understand that he specifically destroys the brain and memory, and that he will soon not be able to work. Then Hemingway starts thinking about suicide.
One day, two days later, when he was still discharged from a psychiatric hospital, on July 2, 1961, he would shoot himself with a gun at his home in Ketchum, leaving no suicide notes. So, Ernest Miller Hemingway will leave this world of his own free will.His biography on this ridiculous act and stopped. Hemingway was a very strong and courageous man who in all respects was supposed to be a winner.