6 of the most unnecessary grand structures in the world

Do you think it is only here that we build grandly and expensively, and then do not know what to adapt?
Where there!
There are also North Korea, Canada, Cote d’Ivoire, Spain, Greece, Romania, with their examples of multi-billions buried in the ground and poured into concrete.
Here are just a few examples of expensive and in many ways unique construction projects, whose contents cost owners a pretty penny, but neither the creators nor the visitors need them.

Mirabel Airport
Montreal, Canada

Plans to create a new airport for the second largest city of Canada, Montreal, were first made public in 1967. And they hit the imagination: the largest area in the world (40,000 hectares), passenger traffic of up to 50 million people per year (this is the approximate total passenger traffic of Sheremetyevo and Domodedovo combined for 2016), its own high-speed railway line, monorail, highway, a hotel complex, six terminals, six runways, including lanes for receiving supersonic airliners, and so on.
The first airport was commissioned in 1975, but the plans of its creators did not come true. The erroneous planning of transport flows, the decline in the attractiveness of Montreal as an economic center, the change in the policy of the Government of Québec and other factors led to the fact that 3 million passengers did not pass through Mirabel throughout its existence.
In 2004, due to unprofitability, the airport ceased to serve regular commercial flights, becoming a cargo air port. On the extensive runways began to hold the race in the terminal building - make a movie. And in 2014, they decided to demolish the terminal building, because it was too expensive to operate and absolutely was not needed by anyone. Construction of the Mirabel airport was recognized as a mistake, and he was given the honorary title of "white elephant" in the first decade of existence. With airports, this generally happens. So, a new main Berlin air port - the Berlin-Brandenburg Airport named after Willy Brandt - was planned to open in 2011, but it still does not accept either airplanes or passengers due to errors in the project.

Basilica notre dame de la pe
Yamoussoukro, Côte d’Ivoire

In 1983, the permanent president of Côte d'Ivoire, Felix Houphouet-Boigny, who had run this small African country for almost a quarter of a century by then, decided to move the capital from the large developed coastal city of Abidjan to the interior of the country, namely to Yamoussoukro - there, where the politician was born and grew up.
Two years later, Houphouet-Boigny laid the foundation stone for the largest church in the world, Notre-Dame de la Pe, or the Most Holy Virgin Mary of the World. Construction was carried out for four years and cost the country's budget, according to various estimates, in the amount of from 175 to 600 million dollars. And this is not surprising: hundreds of tons of marble were brought from Italy, stained-glass windows from France, the building turned out to be 30 thousand square meters. m and a height of 158 meters (above the Cathedral of St. Peter in Rome, although Notre-Dame-de-la-Pee accommodates about 18 thousand people, which is three times less than the same Cathedral of St. Peter). On the square paved with granite and marble in front of the basilica, another 200 thousand people can fit in, that is, approximately the entire population of Yamoussoukro, from which Catholics are on the strength of 19%.
By the way, about the population: about 42% of the population of Côte d’Ivoire lives below the poverty line, that is, less than $ 1.25 a day.Services in the basilica today collect at best hundreds of people.

Hotel "Ryugen"
Pyongyang, DPRK

In 1987, the North Korean government, led by President Kim Il Sung, announced the start of construction of the tallest building in the country - a 105-storey 330-meter-long Ryugyon Hotel for 3,000 (according to other sources - 7,700) rooms and with rotating restaurants on the top.
The construction of the hotel was planned to be completed by the World Festival of Youth and Students in 1989, however, due to problems with materials, the basic structures were completed only by 1992, after which the work stopped for almost a decade and a half due to the economic crisis, and the “Ryugen” skeleton symbol of Pyongyang.
Construction resumed in 2008, and over the next three years they managed to revet the concrete structure with glass, 2013 was the new opening date, and the first photos of the interiors of the future hotel appeared on the Web. The discovery, however, did not take place to this day, and experts around the world doubt that North Korea is capable of completing construction at all and that the building is suitable for use. It is noteworthy that the tallest skyscraper in London is The Shard,having a similar shape, it also costs half empty - buyers are in no hurry to purchase apartments valued at 30-50 million pounds sterling.

Shopping center "New Shopping Center of South China"
Dongguan, PRC

In 2005, in the poor suburb of 6 million Dongguan, the five-storey shopping center New South China Mall (the largest in the world) was opened. The cost of construction exceeded 1.3 billion dollars. The scale is grandiose, even by Chinese standards: up to 2,350 outlets with a total area of ​​660 thousand square meters. m (plus another 232 thousand sq. m of other premises), 25-meter model of the Paris Arc de Triomphe, canals with gondolas, roller coasters and other entertainment - and no visitors.
In the first years after opening, tenants occupied only 1% of the area of ​​the center. Ten years later, this figure increased tenfold, but even today the complex is mostly empty. The reason is that the local population does not earn much to make the complex attractive for sellers, and the hopes of developers that the people of Dongguan will get rich did not materialize.

City of Galician Culture
Santiago de Compostela, Spain

In early 1999, the Parliament of Galicia, announced that the design competition for the City of Culture of Galicia (Cidade da Cultura de Galicia) was won by the work of architect Peter Aizenman: the buildings on Monte Gaias, squeezed out of the ground and reminiscent of cobblestones and mollusk shells, should There were sheltered concert halls, galleries, museums, a library and an archive.
The construction lasted more than ten years, costing at least twice as much as planned (in the project, Eisenman indicated the figure of 400 million euros) and eventually stopped by the decision of the regional government. Two of the six buildings remained unfinished, and most importantly - the extensive complex did not attract the expected number of tourists and local residents, while its maintenance is very expensive for the local budget.

Clem Jones Tunnel
Brisbane, Australia

At the beginning of this century, the Australian government of Brisbane conceived to build a series of tunnels to facilitate movement in the city and reduce travel time from one end to the other. One of these tunnels was the 4.8-kilometer Clem-Jones, which runs under the bottom of the Brisbane River.
In 2005, when construction began, the tunnel was supposed to be the longest in Australia.Its construction cost 3.2 billion Australian dollars (about 2.5 billion US dollars) and was not an easy task: builders had to make their way through a very hard rock - Brisbane tuff, for which the world's largest tunneling machines cost 50 million were used at that time. Australian dollars each.
In the end, the tunnel and access roads were opened on February 28, 2010 with a large gathering of people. But it soon became clear that the townspeople use the tunnel much less frequently than the city council had planned: for example, officials hoped that 60 thousand cars would pass through the tunnel every day, but in fact about 20 thousand drivers use it every day, besides it saves only eight minutes on the road and unloads other highways of the city by only 5-10%. Driving through the tunnel is paid, but even discounts and a radical price reduction (to the detriment of the project's recoupment) do not help to increase the attractiveness of the building among the residents of the city. Losses of the operating company in 2010 amounted to 1.6 billion Australian dollars.

Objects Olympiad-2004
Athens and surroundings, Greece

The Greek capital has been fighting for the right to host the Summer Olympics since the early 1990s and, having lost the 1996 Jubilee Games to American Atlanta, won the same right to host the 2004 Olympics.Preparations for the Games - the construction of sports and transportation facilities, the Olympic Village - cost the government 9 billion euros. And although officials recognized the Games to be profitable, the expenses only aggravated the severe debt crisis that began three years after their completion.
At the same time, the cost of maintaining sports facilities in proper condition was estimated at 500 million euros annually, and these facilities themselves were not needed by anyone. Thus, the center for rowing competitions turned into a fetid swamp and a place of comfortable living for hordes of mosquitoes, the stadium for shooting was overgrown, and the Olympic Village was gradually destroyed. Interestingly, about the same thing happens with the Olympic facilities in Rio de Janeiro and Beijing, as well as with sports facilities built for the 2010 World Cup in South Africa.

Palace of Parliament
Bucharest Romania

This is the heaviest and the largest administrative building in the world in the world ordered by the President of Romania, Nicolae Ceausescu, in 1984. For the construction of the Palace of Parliament, the builders demolished the fifth part of Old Bucharest, snapped the top of the Spyria hill, used 1 million tons of marble,3.5 thousand tons of crystal, 700 thousand tons of steel and bronze, 900 thousand cubic meters of wood and 200 thousand square meters. meters of carpet. By the time of the execution of Ceausescu in 1989, the 12-storey building 86 meters high (not counting the underground premises 92 meters deep) was more completed, although with the fall of communism in Romania, work stopped. Some parts of the building have not been completed yet.
Now in the premises of the palace a total area of ​​365 thousand square meters. meters (about one and a half Red Squares in Moscow) are located both houses of the Romanian parliament, three museums and a conference center. Together they occupy about 30% of the palace. The cost of construction is estimated at 3 billion euros, while its lighting and heating cost about 6 million euros annually - about as much a year as a medium-sized Romanian city spends on the same needs.

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